Upgrade to remove ads
Biology 11 - Lower Plants Vocabulary
Terms in this set (48)
A simple nonflowering plant that includes the seaweeds and many single-celled forms. Algae contain chlorophyll but does not have true stems, roots, leaves, and vascular tissue.
Individual organisms of the same species living closely together.
Algae that contain chlorophyll and store starch. They are eukaryotic and most live in fresh water, ranging from unicellular flagellates to more complex multicellular forms.
Algae that contain chlorophyll and store starch. This includes seaweeds that are mainly red in colour.
Large algae growing in the sea or on rocks.
Algae that contain chlorophyll and store starch and oil. Typically olive brown or greenish in colour.
Bryophytes (mosses) that have no vascular tissue and live in moist locations.
Nonvascular plants such as mosses and liverworts.
Root like structures in moss, for anchoring.
Type of bryophyte
Sperm-producing and protecting structure in moss and ferns.
Egg-producing and protecting structure in moss and ferns.
Structure that produces and protects spores.
Diffusion of water.
The tendency of a liquid in a capillary tube to rise as a result of surface tension.
Plant that has vascular tissue (xylem and phloem), ferns is a good example.
Tracheid plant; for example, ferns.
Waxy layer covering leaves that protects the plant against water loss (prevents drying out)
Vascular tissue that transport water and nutrients.
Type of cell in xylem to transport water and nutrients.
Vascular tissue in ferns that moves in both up and down directions. It mostly transports products of photosynthesis.
Group of tracheophyte plants that have large fonds.
The leaf or leaflike part of a fern.
Broad portion of a plant leaf.
The young, curled frond of certain ferns.
Rootlike underground stem where roots come from.
Alternation of Generation
Life cycle of plants, in which a diploid sporophyte alternates with haploid gametophyte.
Diploid generation of the alternation of generations life cycle of a plant. This produces haploid spores.
Type of cell division that is part of sexual reproduction. 2n -> n.
Haploid reproductive cell. Once in good environment it can grow into gametophyte.
Haploid generation of the alternation of generations life cycle of a plant. This produces gametes.
Type of cell division in which daughter cells get the same number of chromosomes as parent. 2n -> 2n, or n->n.
Haploid sex cells.
Diploid cell formed by the fusion of sperm and egg.
(2n) twice the number of chromosomes found in the gametes.
(n) half the diploid number.
The gametophyte of ferns.
Beginning of the growth of a seed, or spore.
A chain of cells that forms the earliest stage (haploid) of a bryophyte (moss) life cycle where the bud of gametophyte grows from.
Fusion of sperm and egg to create a zygote (diploid).
THIS SET IS OFTEN IN FOLDERS WITH...
YOU MIGHT ALSO LIKE...
Biodiversity Exam 4: Plants Pt. 1
Chapter 22 Biology Miller & Levine
Bio I Alternation of generations (Unit 13)
OTHER SETS BY THIS CREATOR
Bio 11 - Porifera, Cnidaria, Platyhelminthes, Nema…
BC Science Probe 10 - Chapter 2