34 terms

IGCSE Music: Baroque and Classical Period

STUDY
PLAY
Sonata
A composition for an instrumental soloist, often with piano accompaniment in sonata form
Sonata Form
A musical form consisting of the exposition, development, recapitulation, and sometimes a coda
Rondo
A musical form in the structure ABAC
Ternary
A musical form in the structure ABA
Binary
A musical form in the structure AB
Symphony
A classical period musical composition for the entire orchestra with four movements
Baroque Orchestra
A baroque orchestra consisting of cello, lute, organ, early banjo, and harpsichord
Basso Continuo
An accompanying part usually played by a harpsichord/trumpet/organ
Oratorio
A religious opera
Recitative
A solo voice that tells the story
Fugue
A musical piece in which the main melody is taken up by different instruments and developed by interweaving the parts
Pavan
An Italian dance which is simple, duple, stately and slow
Galliard
A French dance which is simple, duple, lively, and has five main steps
Gigue
A British dance which is compound, duple, lively, and rustic
Minuet
A French dance that is triple, small, dainty and in 3/4 time
Allemande
A German dance that is quadruple, serious, moderate speed, and is like a waltz
Gavotte
A French dance that is in common time, starts on the third beat, and is very lively
Concerto Grosso
A small group of soloists accompanied by an orchestra and often includes a harpsichord
Trio Sonata
One harpsichord, one cello, and two violins
Consort
Music for an ensemble of instruments from the same family
Opera
A musical drama
Mass
A religious choral piece
Aria
A solo voice accompanied by an orchestra
Chorus
A piece for the main chorus or choir with an orchestral accompaniment
Requiem
A funeral mass
Terraced Dynamics
Clear contrasts rather than gradual changes between loud and soft sections
Diatonic
Major and minor
Alberti Bass
The repetition of bass notes
Concerto
Solo instrument accompanied by an orchestra
Piano Trio
A trio consisting of a piano, violin and cello
String Quartet
A quartet consisting of two violins, a viola, and a cello
Dance Suite
A collection of dances
Overture
Single movement piece based on a story
Classical Orchestra
A classical orchestra consisting of the strings in front of the conductor, then woodwind, and percussion and brass in the back
YOU MIGHT ALSO LIKE...