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Biles HIST 1301 FInal review

Terms in this set (62)

-Limits of the Musket: Muskets were inaccurate at any range, and especially inaccurate beyond 50-100 yards. This imposed several things:
-Massed Fire: To overcome inaccuracy, you had to mass men together in tight ranks. This, however, made them also vulnerable to counter-fire.
Short Range Fire: Men would plug away at each other at short range in volleys until one side broke.
-Line and Column: Men learned to march in Column and fight in Line; Napoleon also used Columns for bayonet charges; the short range of muskets made such tricks viable.
-Cavalry Shock: Once the enemy line broke, cavalry would move in and exploit the gap, ensuring the enemy line rolled up and collapsed.
-Converging Columns: Napoleon's forces were highly manueverable, and a lot of Napoleonic campaigns/battle plans exploited this to have many forces converge on a single location to apply maximum force.
-Rifle Ranges and Multi-Shot Rifles: Rifles had better range than muskets, but the tactics of the day were adapted for muskets. Using Musket tactics against rifles led to higher casualties. Rifles easily had 2 to 4 times the killing range, and they could be loaded quicker. Multi-shot rifles were especially vicious
-Ascendency of Defensive: This longer range made it easier for smaller forces to hold off larger ones; if they entrenched, they could be especially deadly. The Confederates gradually came to adopt this tactic.
-Excessive Offense: But most generals continued to think in offensive terms, and too often ordered suicidal frontal attacks on defensive positions.