World History - Chapter 30 Vocabulary
Forsyth Central High School -Mr. Gifford World History -
Terms in this set (25)
In Marxist theory, the group of workers who would overthrow the czar and come to rule Russia.
a group of revolutionary Russian Marxists who took control of Russia's government in November 1917
Major leader of the Bolsheviks who planned to overthrow the Czar. Known as "Father of the Revolution"
a self-described "holy man" who claimed to have magical healing powers. Used his influence over the Czarina Alexandra to control key political decisions while Czar Nicholas the II was at the warfront.
a temporary government
one of the local representative councils formed in Russia after the downfall of Czar Nicholas II
a political party practicing the ideas of Karl Marx and V.I. Lenin; originally the Bolshevik Party
Gradually worked his way into power of the Communist Party after Lenin suffered a stroke in 1922. Tried to create a myth that he was the country's father and savior. "Man of Steel"
government control over every aspect of public and private life
a campaign of terror in the Soviet Union during the 1930's, in which Joseph Stalin sought to eliminate all Communist Party members and other citizens who threatened his power
an economic system in which the government makes all economic decisions
Five Year Plan
plan outlined by Joseph Stalin in 1928 for the development of the Soviet Union's economy
a large government-controlled farm formed by combining many small farms
the Chinese National Party, formed after the fall of the Quing Dynasty in 1912
First leader of the Kuomintang. Overthrew the last emporer of the Quing Dynasty. "father of Modern China"
May Fourth Movement
a national protest in China in 1919, in which people demonstrated against the Treaty of Versailles and foreign interface
One of the founders of the Chinese Communist Party. Developed his own brand of Communism. Became one of China's greatest revolutionary leaders. Overthrew the Kuomintang and Jiang Jieshi. "The great Helmsman"
Headed the Kuomintang after Sun Yixian died in 1925. Failed to fulfill his promise of democracy and political rights to all Chinese. Overthrown by Mae Zedong and the Chinese Communist Party.
a 6,000 mile journey made in 1934-35 by Chinese Communists fleeing from Jiang Jieshi's Nationalist forces
laws passed in 1919 that allowed the British government in India to jail anti-British protesters without trial for as long as two years.
killing by British troops of nearly 400 Indians gathered at Amritsar to protest the Rowlatt Acts
Mohandas K. Gandhi
Became known as Mahatma. "Great Soul" Emerged as the leader of the independence movement after the massacre at Amritsar. Deeply religious approach to Politics. His ideas blended ideas from Hinduism, Jainism, Buddhism, Islam and Christianity. Encouraged non-cooperation (Civil Disobedience) with the British Government after Amristar Massacre.
deliberate and public refusal to obey a law considered unjust
a peaceful protest against the Salt Acts in 1930 in India in which Mohandas Gandhi led his followers on a 240-mile walk to the sea, where they made their own salt from evaporated seawater.
Commander who lead Turkey to fight back against the Greeks and British. After winning peace the nationalists overthrew the last ottoman sultan and made him president of the new Republic of Turkey.