Study sets, textbooks, questions
Upgrade to remove ads
MYTHOLOGY THE GODS
Terms in this set (79)
What is Zeus's roman name?
What is Hera's Roman name?
What is Hades's Roman name?
What is Poseidon's Roman name?
What is Pallas Athena's Roman name?
What is Phoebus Apollo's Roman name?
What is Artemis's Roman name?
What is Aphrodite's Roman name?
What is Hermes's Roman name?
What is Ares's Roman name?
What is Hephaestus's Roman name?
What is Hestia's Roman name?
Who were the first Children? and what were they
The titans; enormous and strong
What did atlas do?
bore the world on his shoulders
what is prometheus?
The savior of man kind
Who was Cronus?
(saturn) father of zeus, was then over thrown by him, romans said he fled to Italy and brought with him the "golden age," a time of peace and happiness.
loved the ladies; punished those who broke their oaths; demanded sacrifices and right action from men
unforgiving, holds grudges
unpitying, relentless, but just; not evil
second only to Zeus in eminence; gave the first horse to man
sprang fully grown and fully armed from Zeus's head; described as "gray-eyed" or "flashing-eyed"; embodiment of wisdom, reason, and purity; sometimes a fierce battle-goddess, but mostly only fought to protect the city
called "the most Greek of all the gods," very good-looking, sometimes called the Sun-god, but that was technically Helios; twin sister to Artemis
In later myths, she was said to have three forms: Selene in the sky, Artemis on earth, Hecate in the lower world and at night (who associated with deeds of darkness, evil magic); multiple sides shows uncertainty between good and evil; Apollo's twin was Phoebus Appollo
sprung from the foam of the sea; laughter-loving, irresistible to both gods and men; can be treacherous and malicious as well as joyful and lovely
smartest and most cunning of the gods; appears in more myths than any other god
hateful, ruthless, murderous, cowardly; doesn't show up in the myths very often--just a symbol of war; Romans liked him more than the Greeks
highly honored in Olympus; made the gods' weapons and furniture; his forge is one of the explanations for why volcanoes erupt; popular with the people--important in the life of the city
no distinct personality; played no part in the myths, but important in the home; Greeks began and ended every meal with an offering to her
who was eros
cupid the god of love
who was ceres
who was Bacchus
who was pan
What was Zeus's area of power?
supreme leader; Lord of the sky
What was Hera's area of power?
Goddess of marriage, took care of married women
What was Hades's area of power?
Under world, god of wealth, king of the dead
What was Poseidon's area of power?
Ruler of the sea, earth shaker
What was Pallas Athena's area of power? (hint: Athens)
Goddess of the city, protecter of civilized life, handicrafts, agriculture.
What was Phoebus Apollo's area of power?
music, archer god, healer, god of light and truth
What was Artemis's area of power?
Lady of the wild things, protecter of the young, associated with the moon; later called Phoebe and Selene.
What was Aphrodite's area of power?
Goddess of love and beauty
What was Hermes's area of power?
Master thief; god of trade; guide of the dead to the under world; Zeus's messanger
What was Ares's area of power?
God of war
What was Hephaestus's area of power?
God of fire, god of handicrafts. (like athena)
What was Hestia's area of power?
Goddess of the hearth, symbol of the home.
What is Erebus?
The part of the underworld you pass through as soon as you die.
What is Tartarus?
The deepest part of the underworld, prison of the sons of the earth.
what do the Erinyes (or Furies) do?
what is the Cerberus
The three headed dragon dog that guards the under world. LETS ALL ENTER BUT NO ONE LEAVE
Who is heaven?
Who is earth
According to Hamilton, civilized man lives far from __, while man in earlier days lived in a close relationship with it.
The imagination was vividly alive and not checked by ___.
By contrast, _____ man is not and never has been a creature who peoples his world with bright fancies and lovely visions.
The myths as we have them are the creations of great ___.
The first written record of Greece is the __, which was written by __.
_____ is a phrase that tries to express the new birth of the world with the awakening of Greece.
the greek miracle
With the awakening of the Greek miracle, ___ became the center of the universe; thus, Greeks made their gods ___
mankind, in their own image
These gods naturally made ___ a pleasantly familiar place. With proper care a man could be quite fairly __ __with them.
heaven, at ease
Stories about ___, his love affairs, and ___, the typical jealous wife, made for a ___ feeling.
Zeus, hera, friendly
The miracle of Greek mythology lies in its ____ world, where men were not afraid of an ___.
Even the most nonsensical stories take place in a world which is essentially rational and matter-of-fact. ____ battled preposterous monsters but lived in the city of ___. The winged steed ___ went home every night to a comfortable stable in ___.
Hercules, Thebes, Pegasus, corinth
A familiar local habitation gave ___ to all the mythical beings.
___, so powerful in the world before and after Greece, is almost nonexistent in classical mythology.
_ and _ are the only witches, and they are young and of surpassing beauty--delightful, not horrible.
medea, and circe
___ is completely absent from classical Greece; instead, _____ is what the Greek mind finally made out of the stars.
No story contains a magical priest who knows ways of winning over the gods or alienating them; not the ___, but the _____, had influence with heaven.
The early Greek mythologies transformed a world of ___ into a world full of ___.
The gods were for a long time a very slight improvement upon their worshipers. They were lovelier, more powerful, and immortal, but they had a very limited sense of ___ and ___.
A real myth has nothing to do with _____. It is an explanation of something in ___ --how any and everything in the universe came into ____.
religion, nature, existence
The myths show a deepening realization of what human beings _____ and what they must have in their _____.
____, who was a peasant living in a poor man's world, knew that the poor must have a ____ god. The bitter needs of the helpless were changing the god of the ___ into the protector of the ___.
Hesiod, just, strong, weak
We get pictures of an amorous Zeus and a cowardly Zeus and a ridiculous Zeus, but gradually one Zeus displaced the others: "Our Zeus, the ___ of every good gift, the common ____ and ___ and ____ of mankind.
giver, father, savior, gaurdian
Latin poet ___, who wrote during the reign of ____, thought myths were sheer ____. Of the Roman writers, ____ also did not believe in the myths but found human nature in them and brought mythological personages to life.
ovid, augustus, nonsense, virgil
___ heads the list of chief Greek writers. His works, the ___ and the ___ contain the oldest Greek writings we have, and there is no way to date them.
homer, iliad, odyssey
The second writer on the list is ___, a poor farmer, sometimes placed in the 9th or 8th century, who authored ____, an account of the creation of the universe and the generations of the gods. ____, his second work explains the creation of the universe and the gods.
hesiod, works and days, theogony.
Next come the _____, poems written to honor various gods. The last one of importance belongs to the 5th or 4th century.
___, the greatest lyric poet of Greece, began to write toward the end of the 6th century, and is quite as important for mythology as Hesiod.
Three tragic poets were ____, ____, and ____; with Homer they were the most important source of our knowledge of the myths.
Aeschylus, Sophocles, Euripides.
The best guides to a knowledge of Greek mythology are the ____ writers, who believed in what they wrote.
Sets with similar terms
Mythology Intro and Chapter 1
Mythology Test Two (Gods) EDNERD
Greek gods, goddesses, and characters in Antigone
Greek and Roman Allusions-2015-Buchanan/Brewer/McC…
Other sets by this creator
FDNS 2100 Exam 1 (nutrients, digestion, carbs, & l…
Other Quizlet sets
Oceanography Exam 2 Chapter 5
Human Physiology Test 4
Pharmacology Block 1
Community Exam 2 kahoot #1