52 terms

ECP Psych Week 7

Chapter 23, 24, 25 Key Terms
acquaintance rape
Rape committed by someone known to the victim.
anger rape
Rape distinguished by physical violence and cruelty to the victim.
childhood sexual abuse
Inappropriate sexual behavior with a child instigated by a perpetrator for purposes of the perpetrator's sexual pleasure or for economic gain through child prostitution or pornography.
date rape
Verbal coercion and deception to pressure a date into having sex.
family systems theory
The consideration of the structure, cohesion, adaptability, and communication patterns of families.
gang rape
Rape by a number of perpetrators against the same victim.
grooming behaviors
Behaviors used to gain the trust of children or family members before sexual abuse begins. The purpose is to persuade the victim to comply with the abuse.
marital rape
Rape in which the victim and perpetrator are in an intimate relationship.
power rape
Rape in which the intent of the rapist is to command and master the victim sexually.
Any forced sexual activity, the key factor being the absence of consent.
rape-trauma syndrome
Symptoms of, or specific responses to, the experience of being raped; also, a nursing diagnosis.
sadistic rape
Forced sexual activity in which brutality is used for sexual excitement for the perpetrator.
sexual harassment
Unwanted and unwelcome sexual behavior that interferes with everyday life; a form of sexual violence.
sexual healing
An empowering process that enables survivors of sexual abuse to reclaim their sexuality as positive and pleasurable.
sexual violence
The use of threat, intimidation, force, and exploitation of authority with the goal of imposing one's will on a nonconsenting person for the purpose of personal gratification that may or may not be predominantly sexual in nature.
sibling incest
Sexual abuse in which the victim and perpetrator are siblings.
spiritual recovery
Regaining a sense of purpose in life, finding meaning in trauma, and learning to trust others once again.
affective violence
The verbal expression of intense anger and emotions; bullying, ugly taunts, disrespect, alienation, scapegoating, and physical threats.
antisocial behavior
Behavior that is against the norms of other individuals and society.
authority killing
Retaliation for real or imagined offenses; targets may be individuals or a building or structure that symbolizes the authority.
contextual sensitivity hypothesis
The belief that human behavior is highly sensitive to social contexts.
The use of the Internet, e-mail, or other electronic communications to stalk another person.
A group of people, often young, who band together, often for the purpose of conducting illegal or antisocial activities.
hate crimes
Crimes motivated by bias and hatred of minority groups.
nonspecific homicide
Homicide in which only the perpetrator knows the motive.
patricide/matricide homicide
Killing of one or both parents, often after many years of physical and sexual abuse.
predatory violence
Violence in which individuals are attacked who have done nothing to provoke the attack.
revenge homicide
Homicide in retaliation for real or imagined offenses.
school violence
Injury or death of students or staff that occur in or around school property.
The act of following, viewing, communicating with, or moving threateningly toward another person. May be accompained by property damage and assault.
street violence
Injury or death of people in their neighborhoods or other community settings.
workplace violence
Injury or death of individuals occurring at their place of employment.
acute stress disorder
A DSM-4 diagnosis for the initial symptoms of severe stress.
adventitious crisis
An unexpected crisis, such as a natural disaster.
Terrorism committed with biological weapons.
cause-based terrorism
Terrorism based on a cause embracing a particular ideology.
chemical terrorism
Terrorism committed with chemical agents.
criminal terrorism
Terrorists that fund their cause by criminal behavior.
environmental terrorism
Terrorism based on environmental activism.
mass-casualty terrorism
Large-scale terrorism meant to cause large-scale damage.
nationalist terrorism
Terrorism that pushes forth the agenda of a particular ethnic group.
natural disaster
Unanticipated disaster, such as hurricanes and tornadoes.
posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD)
An anxiety disorder characterized by a constant anticipation of danger and a phobic avoidance of triggers that remind the person of the original trauma; other characteristics include irritability, aggression, and flashbacks.
primary prevention
Interventions aimed at decreasing the severity of a response.
radiological terrorism
Terrorism committed with radiological agents.
revolutionary terrorism
Terrorism meant to frighten those persons that have power and those who support them in order to replace them with an alternative form of government.
secondary prevention
Interventions aimed to meet the immediate needs of individuals and the community.
state-sponsored terrorism
Terrorism that occurs when an oppressive government terrorizes its citizens into submission and obedience and squashes political dissonance.
Premeditated, politically motivated violence perpetrated against noncombatant targets by subnational groups or clandestine agents, usually intended to influence an audience.
terrorist group
Any group practicing or having significant subgroups that practice international terrorism.
tertiary prevention
Interventions aimed to meet the care goals of individuals and communities on a long-term basis.
To be deprived of in terms of a person, object, self-esteem, or control.