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U.S. Constitution test
Terms in this set (50)
According to the Declaration of Independence the powers of the US government come from __________
What was the purpose of the Declaration of Independence?
Colonists wanted to be free of England & the declaration explained why.
When was the Declaration of Independence signed and approved?
July 4th 1776
Who wrote the Declaration of Independence?
What is the meaning of popular sovereignty?
That a government can only get its power from the people it serves.
When was the US constitution completed and signed?
September 17th 1787
Who is the "Father of the Constitution"?
What was the purpose of the Great Compromise?
To settle disputes over how members of Congress should be chosen.
What was created by the Great Compromise?
1 house based on population and 1 house based on equal representation.
What does the US Constitution Include?
A preamble, 7 Articles, and 27 Amendments. (as of May 6th, 2015)
What is in the Preamble of the US Constitution?
The belief that the government gets its power from the people. (Ideology of John Locke)
What is in Articles I, II, & III?
Principle of separation of powers, and an outline of the legislative, executive, and judicial branches of the US government.
What portion of the US Constitution is called the Bill of Rights?
What is the purpose of federalism?
To divide power between national and state governments.
What is the purpose of Separation of Powers?
To divide the government into 3 branches with equal powers.
What are reserved powers?
Powers owned exclusively by the states, if they are not given to the national government or forbidden.
What are concurrent powers?
Powers shared by national and state governments.
What are exclusive powers?
Powers owned only by the national government.
What are delegated powers?
Powers given to congress in Article 1 of the US Constitution.
How often is congress required to meet?
Once a year.
What are the purpose of ex post facto laws.
To make an act illegal after it was done and prosecute someone for it.
What is the purpose of Habeas Corpus.
To protect against unjust and indefinite imprisonment.
How many senators are there, and how are they chosen?
There are 100 senators (as of 2015) 2 for each state.
How long is 1 term for a senator and what are their requirements?
Senators serve a 6 year term, must be at least 30 years old, have been a citizen for at least 9 years, and a resident of the state they represent.
How many representatives are there in the House of Representatives?
There are 435 members of the House of Representatives (as of the 2010 census). The number of house members is set by population.
How long is 1 term for a house member and what are their requirements.
House members serve a 2 year term, must be at least 25 years old, have been a citizen for 7 years, and a resident of the state they represent.
Who presides over the Senate?
The Vice president, if he/she is not available, the spot is filled by the President Pro Tempore.
Who presides over the House?
The speaker of the House.
What is the purpose of the Electoral College.
To elect the President.
How are electoral college votes counted?
The winner of a state's popular vote takes all of the state's electoral college votes.
A power often thought the president has is the power to ___________
declare war. This power belongs solely to congress.
What are some key functions of the US cabinet and how do they come into position?
To advise the president and head executive departments. They are appointed by the president and approved by the senate.
What are requirements for the US president?
Must be at least 35 years old, have lived in the US for 14 years, and be a natural born citizen.
What are some presidential powers?
To be Commander in Chief and recognize other nations.
What is the main duty of the Vice President?
To take the place of the President if necessary.
How are Judges appointed and how long do they serve?
Judges are elected by the president and approved by the senate. They serve lifelong terms with "good behavior".
What is the main power of Supreme Court Judges?
They have the power of judicial review, to determine whether or not Executive and Legislative actions are constitutional. This power was established by the Supreme Court case Marbury v. Madison.
What is the significance of Brown v. Board of Education?
Segregation in public schools was deemed unconstitutional.
What are the 3 types of courts?
District Courts, Courts of Appeals, and Supreme Court.
What is the only crime directly prohibited by the constitution?
1st amendment protections
freedom of self-expression and religion.
2nd amendment protections
right to bear arms
5th and 6th amendment protections
10th amendment protections
13th amendment protections
prohibiting slavery and involuntary servitude.
14th amendment protections
All people born in the US are citizens
congress has the power to levy and collect taxes
repeal of the prohibition
22nd amendment protections
presidents are limited to 2 terms
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