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Social Studies Immigration and Growth of Cities Vocab and Notes

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Ellis Island
An island in upper New York Bay: former U.S. immigrant examination station. The Island where immigrants came through to be examined to get to America.
Old Immigrants
Immigrants who came to America before the 1880's. 1st Immigrants to come to the U.S. They came from northern and Western Europe.
New Immigrants
During the 1880's as many immigrants came to the U.S. as had arrived in all the years from 1820-1860. Came from the southern and eastern Europe.
Tenements
Poorly built, over crowded apartments
Hull House
MOST FAMOUS settlement house founded by Jame Adams in Chicago,1889.
Ghetto
A part of a city especially a slum area, occupied by a minority group or groups.
Oppressive Goverment
A goverment that wants a lot of power and control making decisions that benefit a few with no logical reasoning.
Assimilation
People of different backrounds come to see themselves as part of a large national family.
Political Corruption
Illegal actions; used organization to gain power abd infulence laws
Naturalization
The process immigrants go through to become an American Citizen.
Urban
Relating to Cities
Citizen
A person native or naturilized that owes allegiance to the goverment.
Rural
Relating to farming
Political Machine
Political party organization in big cities that holds power by controlling votes, courts, and police
Steerage
The area on a ship's lower level near the location of the steering mechanisms for the ship. Usually for the un wealthy passangers.
Settlement Houses
Houses that were neighborhood centers in poor area's, staffed by professinals and volunteers, which offered education, recreation, and social events. Usually for freed men and women.
Department Store
Giant retail shops
Mass Transit
A soulution to moving large #'s of people; EXAMPLE: Subway
Reasons why would immigrants come to America?
HEAR-- Hope for better oppertunitys
Escape oppressive goverments
Adventure
Religious Freedom
Where did the Immigrants settle?
Large Cities
Where did immigrants come through to get to America?
On the east they came through Ellis Island
On the west they came through Angel Island.
Which immigrant groups faced discrimination?
Chinese and Irish
Captains of Industry
Buisness people willing to take a risk
Who were in charge of the cities in the late 1800's?
The Political Machines
What helped the immigrants in the late 1800's?
Political Machines
How would Political machines help new immigrants
Get them jobs and housing.
Political Machines gained power by attending to the needs of..
New Immigrants
Who would you find in the steerage?
Immigrants
Subway, Trolley, and elevated train are examples of
Mass Transit
What is the following is the most famous settlement house in America
The Hull House
What are 3 examples of specilized industry
Auto Making, Steel Making, and Meat Packing
Who are the people from southern and eastern Europe
New immigrants
Who are the people from Northern and Western Europe?
Old Immigrants
Because of overcrowding and the rapid growth of cities the amount of green space was decresing. What is a solution to this problem?
City Parks
What was the famous processing center in New York.
Ellis Island
What was the most famous proccesing center on the west coast?
Angel Island
Low Quality and over crowding city dwellings were called ...
Tenements
Immigrants who entered San Fransico between 1880-1920 were probrably from what continent.
Asia
What was the solution to the problem of educating the adult immigrant?
Settlement houses
Why did people move from rural to urban areas?
to look for jobs
In the late 1800s large #'s of people moved into the cities this was called?
Urbanization
Fire, Crime, Overcorwding were all examples of?
City Problems
Increase of immigration, Growth of sepcialized industries, and Movement of America from rural to urban led to
the development of cities
John D. Rockefeller, Alexander Grahm Bell, Cornelius Vanderbilt, Andrew Carnige, and Thomas Edison are examples of what?
Captains of Industry
John D. Rockefeller major industry was..(You drill to the rock to get to the ..)
Oil
Andrew Carnegie major industry was ...
Steel
Cornelius Vanderbilts major industry was...(Vander built the ...)
Railroads
Alexander Grahm Bell's major invention was...
The Telephone
Edison's major invention was..
The light bulb and the world's first electric power station
What comprimise ended Reconstruction
The election of 1876. The southern demacrates would vote for the president if he would end Reconstrution
Business people willing to take a risk
Captains of Industry
What does the 13th Amendment mean?
All Slaves are FREE
What does the 14th Amendment mean?
All people born or naturalize is a citizen of the United States.
What does the 15th Amendment mean?
The goverment can't deny any one the right to vote.
The process of reuniting the nation and rebuilding the southern states.
Reconstruction
Why did the political machines help the new immigrants?
to make the immigrants loyal to the boss so that they can vote for their boss
How did the political machines help?
They gave them a home and a job.
Why did they move from rural to urban
to get more jobs