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This is most of the significant literary terms in Basic English. I have converted the definitions into student-friendly words.
When a story re-lives a previous moment, like a memory, a dream, or by simply revisiting .
When a story jumps forward in time
When the events in a story occur in the same order they happened in.
Time and Sequence
The way time works in a story
When the words mean exactly what they say
When the words mean something other than what they say.
Dictionary definition of any word
Emotion of the word
When two people are talking.
Dramatic speech in a play
Main Character in a story
The Villain (sometimes not a person).
Words spoken to God or to oneself in a story.
events that make the story more exciting.
events that solve leftover issues after the climax.
the most exciting part of the story, usually solves the big problems in the story.
When a Character is fighting against his/her hopes, fears, or ideas.
When a Character is fighting against something other than his feelings or thoughts
When the subject of a sentence is the actor, and not being acted upon.
When the subject of a sentence is being acted upon.
The main part of a sentence that contains a subject and a verb.
Any group of words that contains a Subject and Verb.
Any group of words that is missing either a Subject or a Verb.
Using common, ordinary words.
Using unique words
Main Use of the Colon
To start a list
Main use of Semi-Colon
To separate long items in a list
Use of Ellipsis
Used when words go on and on. "They argued the whole night ..."
A conclusion about a group of things or people. For example, all people have legs.
a play on words
any story that is true
a statement that seems true and un-true at the same time
when a nonhuman thing is talked about like it is human
a character who is so different than another that he shows off that other character's uniqueness
Anything written with ten syllables per line
MEANS A TYPE OF WRITING
un-true stories, often short
any expression like, "It's raining cats and dogs."
poetry that does not have rhythm or rhyme
unrhyming poetry that has ten syllables per line
long story-poem about a hero
when characters whisper onstage
short personal story
story of someone's life, written by someone else
story of someone's life written by that person in the story
reference to something outside the story
conflict within a character (like cancer or regret or anger)
Two lines that rhyme with each other (usually a two-line paragraph in a poem, or a two-line stanza)
Japanese poem with three lines and seventeen total syllables
Another way to say Imagery
language that appeals to the senses
when the audience of a play knows something that the character will soon find out (and it becomes a surprise to the character)
a when an ironic situation happens in a story
when a character says one thing and really means something totally different
poetry that does not tell a story but is only intended to express the speaker's (the writer's)emotions
a way of saying the rhythm of the syllables in any sentence
a story written in everyday language that has more than 50,000 words
like meter--the musical feel of syllables in a poem
1st Person Point of View
when the main character tells the story
when the narrator seems like he isn't telling the reader everything--often because he or she is an evil character himself (in the story)
when the story is told by someone who seems to know everyone's thoughts and problems
a repeated word or phrase or line (or group of lines) in a poem or song
fourteen-line poem in Iambic Pentameter
the writer of the story of Romeus and Julius--which inspired Shakespeare to write Romeo and Juliet
A play by Shakespere
a 16th century British writer of many plays and sonnets--perhaps the most important writer the world has ever known
after the climax, when all the loose ends of the story are solved
when things happen from the past to the present--in regular order
an idea that someone tries to prove
when something makes sense
anything near the word or on the page that gives a clue to the word's meaning
sentences that try to prove a claim
things that help prove something
bad thinking that does not make sense
saying again in new words
Modern Language Association format--a way to make bibliographies
putting two or more things together