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88 terms

aloya cst

This is most of the significant literary terms in Basic English. I have converted the definitions into student-friendly words.
STUDY
PLAY
Flashback
When a story re-lives a previous moment, like a memory, a dream, or by simply revisiting .
Flash Forward
When a story jumps forward in time
Sequential Time
When the events in a story occur in the same order they happened in.
Time and Sequence
The way time works in a story
Literal Meaning
When the words mean exactly what they say
Figurative Meaning
When the words mean something other than what they say.
Denotation
Dictionary definition of any word
Connotation
Emotion of the word
Narration
A storytelling
Dialogue
When two people are talking.
Dramatic Monologue
Dramatic speech in a play
Protagonist
Main Character in a story
Antagonist
The Villain (sometimes not a person).
Soliliquy
Words spoken to God or to oneself in a story.
Credibility
Believability.
Rising Action
events that make the story more exciting.
Falling Action
events that solve leftover issues after the climax.
Climax
the most exciting part of the story, usually solves the big problems in the story.
Internal Conflict
When a Character is fighting against his/her hopes, fears, or ideas.
External Conflict
When a Character is fighting against something other than his feelings or thoughts
Active Voice
When the subject of a sentence is the actor, and not being acted upon.
Passive Voice
When the subject of a sentence is being acted upon.
Main Clause
The main part of a sentence that contains a subject and a verb.
Clause
Any group of words that contains a Subject and Verb.
Phrase
Any group of words that is missing either a Subject or a Verb.
Plain Diction
Using common, ordinary words.
Rich diction
Using unique words
Colon
:
Main Use of the Colon
To start a list
Main use of Semi-Colon
To separate long items in a list
Ellipsis
...
Use of Ellipsis
Used when words go on and on. "They argued the whole night ..."
Generalization
A conclusion about a group of things or people. For example, all people have legs.
PUN
a play on words
Nonfiction means
any story that is true
paradox
a statement that seems true and un-true at the same time
personification
when a nonhuman thing is talked about like it is human
hyperbole
extreme exaggeration
foil
a character who is so different than another that he shows off that other character's uniqueness
Iambic Pentameter
Anything written with ten syllables per line
GENRE
MEANS A TYPE OF WRITING
nonfiction genre
true stories
fiction genre
un-true stories, often short
poetry genre
poems
Drama genre
plays
Myth Genre
Traditional stories
idiom
any expression like, "It's raining cats and dogs."
free verse
poetry that does not have rhythm or rhyme
exposition
explanation
blank verse
unrhyming poetry that has ten syllables per line
epic poem
long story-poem about a hero
aside
when characters whisper onstage
Anecdote
short personal story
biography
story of someone's life, written by someone else
autobiography
story of someone's life written by that person in the story
Allusion
reference to something outside the story
internal conflict
conflict within a character (like cancer or regret or anger)
couplet
Two lines that rhyme with each other (usually a two-line paragraph in a poem, or a two-line stanza)
Haiku
Japanese poem with three lines and seventeen total syllables
Another way to say Imagery
language that appeals to the senses
DRAMATIC Irony
when the audience of a play knows something that the character will soon find out (and it becomes a surprise to the character)
SITUATIONAL Irony
a when an ironic situation happens in a story
VERBAL IRONY
when a character says one thing and really means something totally different
lyric poetry
poetry that does not tell a story but is only intended to express the speaker's (the writer's)emotions
Meter
a way of saying the rhythm of the syllables in any sentence
novel
a story written in everyday language that has more than 50,000 words
rhythm
like meter--the musical feel of syllables in a poem
1st Person Point of View
when the main character tells the story
Unreliable Narrator
when the narrator seems like he isn't telling the reader everything--often because he or she is an evil character himself (in the story)
Omniscient Narrator
when the story is told by someone who seems to know everyone's thoughts and problems
refrain
a repeated word or phrase or line (or group of lines) in a poem or song
sonnet
fourteen-line poem in Iambic Pentameter
Arthur Brooke
the writer of the story of Romeus and Julius--which inspired Shakespeare to write Romeo and Juliet
Julius Caesar
A play by Shakespere
Shakespeare
a 16th century British writer of many plays and sonnets--perhaps the most important writer the world has ever known
dialect
regional language
denouement
after the climax, when all the loose ends of the story are solved
chronological order
when things happen from the past to the present--in regular order
claim
an idea that someone tries to prove
coherent
when something makes sense
context clues
anything near the word or on the page that gives a clue to the word's meaning
argument
sentences that try to prove a claim
consumer documents
customer papers
evidence
things that help prove something
fallacious reasoning
bad thinking that does not make sense
paraphrasing
saying again in new words
MLA
Modern Language Association format--a way to make bibliographies
synthesizing
putting two or more things together