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The Pacific Theater
Terms in this set (167)
Who is Hideki Tojo?
Japanese Prime Minister, also the minister of War in the military
To be set Apart
When did the Nanjing Massacre happen?
Dec 15th, 1937
About how many women had been rapped in the Nanjing Massacre?
23,000 to about 80,000
What did the Japanese think they could accomplish with the Nanjing Massacre?
They had thought that they could expand into china. It is also known as the "2nd sina Japanese war".
What was their plan for the Nanjing Massacre?
They pretended that china had attacked them, they had used that as their excuse to attack 'back'.
When was the Invasion of Manchuria?
It was in 1931
What was the Invasion of Manchuria?
It was Japans excuse to attack China.
When did Japan Leave the league of Nations?
What is the War Production Board?
Federal people had to be sent to oversee the War Production.
1. Make sure it was Efficient.
2. Make sure it was organized.
What was the Selective Training and Service Act?
It provided peacetime, then the draft was made.
Who were the Kamikaze?
They were Japanese Bombers.
who was Douglas MacArthur?
He was a commander in the Pacific for Midway.
When was V-J Day?
September 2, 1945
What did the allies allow the Japanese?
1. Emperor is allowed to stay in power.
2. Rewritten constitution.
3. Remilitarize them.
What does V-J Day stand for?
Victory in Japan Day
How far away was Iwo Jima from Tokyo?
How many Japanese died in Iwo Jima?
20,000 Japanese were dead.
What were the Four Freedoms?
1. Freedom of Speech, and expression.
2. Freedom of religion, to worship God in his or her own way.
3. Freedom of economic understanding.
4. Freedom from Fear.
How were the Japanese and U.S. relations at this time? What was the U.S. doing to Japan?
The U.S. wasn't getting along with Japan at all, they had stopped trading with Japan (or is it China?).
When was Pearl Harbor?
Dec 7th, 1941.
What was the interment camp in Utah called?
What happened on Okinawa? When?
Date: April 1945.
It was close to Tokyo, about 350 miles away from Japan. It was the Bloodiest Battle, about 49,000 were dead or wounded. 100,000 Japanese were dead.
FDR died, Truman becomes president in his place.
Who had made the statement, "the date that will live in infamy"?
President Roosevelt, FDR.
When did the U.S. declare war on Japan?
Dec 8th, 1941
What were the reasons for Atomic Warfare?
1. Land invasion of Japan, it would have taken too many lives.
2. Demonstrate U.S. Power to the Russians/Soviets.
3. Show something for the investment.
When was the Manhattan Project?
In the year 1942.
What was the Manhattan Project?
It was where Robert Appenhimer had to build an Atomic Bomb to attack Japan.
when did we had Success of the Manhattan Project?
When was the first bomb dropped?
August 6, 1945.
When was the Second Bomb Dropped?
Who order that the bombs be dropped?
What was the Los Alamos?
It was the first test of the Atomic Bombs, it was also the base camp for the Atomic Bomb.
What is Hiroshima?
It is a place in Japan that one of the Atomic Bombs was Dropped.
What is Nagasaki?
It was a place where one of the Atomic Bombs had been dropped in Japan.
What were the three reasons for WWII Propaganda?
What were the Five themes?
1. Rallying the Nation
2. Defining the enemy
4. Training for the Military
Who were Braceros?
Year 1942. They were Mexicans from farms and rail roads.
What were the Zoot Suit Riots?
There had been problems with the Mexican Americans. U.S. Sailors began to attack the Zoot-Suit Riots. June 1943.
What are Interment Camps?
Forced Relocation/imprisonment of the Japanese Americans. They were living on the Pacific Coast. There were restrictions in the camps.
What was the Office War Information?
It had controlled the flow of how much information can be sent home.
Who was Rosie the Riveter?
She was a symbol, She was on a government poster.
What was the Fair Employment Practices Committee?
June 25, 1941. They engaged in defense work that would make sure that all of the applicants whom were qualified would be considered for job openings.
Who was Carlos E. Castaneda?
He was an assistant to the chair of FEPC.
He was imprisoned Japanese american.
What is Island Hopping?
It meant they hopped to different Islands, and also took them. It was also a single battle.
What is the Dolittle Raid?
It was a Secret Operation. It was also successful, and a clearing for the U.S.
When was the Dolittle Raid?
When was the Battle of Midway?
June 4-7, 1942
Who was the Commander in the Battle of Midway?
What is the Leyte Gulf?
Japanese Navy had been destroyed. Japanese were using Kamikaze attacks.
What was the Guadalcanal?
It was where the allies fought oversea land with Japan for the Guadalcanal.
When was the Guadalcanal?
August 1942 - Feb 1943.
August 1942 - February 1943
Battle of Midway
Fall of the Philippines
China, Indochine, Malaya, Philippines
Japanese attacked these nations
Gen. Douglas MacArthur evacuated from the Philippines from Roosevelt's order
MacArthur promised this to the men he left behind
"I shall return"
Number of Troops surrendered to Japanese forces after MacArthur left
Bataan Death March
70 mile march to prison camps in the jungles after MacArthur left
Number of troops that died on the Death March
Hundreds of these throughout the Pacific; heavily fortified
Island Hopping (strategy)
U.S. Pacific Theater strategy; bypass small islands and focus on large ones
Island Hopping (what it does)
Isolate Japanese forces; bypassed islands would "wither on the vine" and would bring the U.S. closer to Japan
U.S. disrupt Japanese supply chains focusing on oil tankers and transport ships
U.S. needed to do to keep China from falling to Japan
U.S. to China (how)
Over Himalayan mountain ranges; 1,000 dead in a 3 year period
Himalayan Mountain Range
Doolittle Raid (date)
April 18, 1942
Doolittle Raid (artillery)
16 Mitchell bombers launched from aircraft carrier 700 miles away from Tokyo
Colonel Jimmy Doolittle
Led Doolittle Raid
Doolittle Raid (what happened)
Bombers hit Tokyo at tree-top level and flew to safety of Russia/China
First time Tokyo hit directly
After several months of fighting on Leyte and Luzon, U.S. reached here
Manila (what happened here)
Several 1,000 Japanese troops killed/captured; MAcArthur returned; 5,000 allied prisoners reduced from brutal prison camps; Japanese Navy no longer serious threat
Iwo Jima (date)
Iwo Jima (what)
8 square mile island 775 miles from Japan
Iwo Jima (terrain)
Volcanic Rock; underground caves
Iwo Jima (importance)
Airfield that launched escort fighters on bombing raids; Emergency landing strip for B-29s
Iwo Jima (casualties)
20,000 Japanese dead; 6,800 Americans killed
Flag raised on Mt. Suribachi
February 23rd, 1945
April 1, 1945
Island 350 miles South of Japan
110,00 Japanese killed; 50,000 Allied casualties; Kamikaze attack sunk 27 U.S ships; Japan's air force destroyed
Invasion of Japan
Bombing raids (B-29s) bombed Japan unmercifully; Incendiary bombs created firestorms within Japanese cities
1/4th Tokyo destroyed; 100,000 died but no surrender; 9,000,000 burned out of homes but no surrender
Allied Casualties Invasion of Japan
1 million Allied Casualties
Jewish Scientist that flew to the U.S. with the rise of he Nzais
Letter to Roosevelt
Written by Albert Einstein warning about possible German atomic bomb
J. Robert Oppenheimer and Leslie Groves
Led Manhattan Prjoect
Los Alamos, New Mexico
Location where first atomic bomb was developed
First Atomic Bomb detonation; Los Alamos
July 16, 1945
Word was sent to Truman that two bombs would be ready by Month's end
July 23, 1945
Truman's option to end the war
Invade Japan, Demonstrate the atomic bombs in a rural unpopulated area hoping Japan would surrender, or Drop a bomb on Japanese cities
B-29 that dropped Little Boy
August 6, 1945
Little Boy dropped
Time Little boy was dropped
City Little Boy was dropped on
70,000 instantly, Thousands more from wounds and radiation poisoning, city virtually destroyed
Japan didn't surrender after this bomb
Little Boy (surrender y/n)
Second Bomb dropped on Japan
August 9, 1945
Fat Man dropped on Japan on this date
Fat Man dropped here
September 10, 1945
Japan asks for peace
Japan asks for peace
Aug, 10, 1945
Sept. 2, 1945
Japan formally surrenders to U.S. Gen. Douglas MacArthur aboard battleship U.S.S. Missouri in Tokyo Bay
Attack On Pearl Harbor
Summary: 12-7-1941 Japanese bomb Pearl Harbor to try and stop all their carriers
Effect/Impact: Led USA to join war. Made United States not trust Japanese citizens and make Internment Camps
Battle Of Midway
Japan Vs US for control of an island between Hawaii and Japan
Effect/Impact: Japan loses and U.S. liberated the island. The United States then continue to island hop closer to Japan
Battle Of Iwo Jima
Summary: Last big island for US to conquer. Battle led to us capturing 85 Japanese troops while the rest suicide
Effect/Impact: We won battle and now had an important part of Japan
Battle of Okinawa
Summary: Last and biggest war for the Pacific theater. Known as the bloodiest war for Pacific involved us Allies to use more then 287,000 troops
Effect/Impact: Japan lost more then 77,000 troops while Allies suffered more then 65,000 casualties which led to Japan to lose.
Atomic Bombing of Hiroshima & Nigasaki
Summary: Two large atomic bombs named "Little Boy" and "Fat Man". "Little Boy" bombes Hiroshima while "Fat Man" bombs Nagasaki
Effect/Impact: "Little Boy" destroys over 5 square miles of Hiroshima while "Fat Man" destroys little over 2.6 square miles. They were only 3 days apart with "Little Boy" first on August 6th 1945 and "Fat Man" second on August 9th 1945. These bombing led to Japan's surrender
What were the Japanese considered?
Why did the US enter war with Japan?
The US put trade sanctions on them
Why did Japan attack Pearl Harbor?
US cut off their oil
What is the date of the attack on Pearl Harbor?
December 7, 1941
What is Pearl Harbor?
where the US stored the entire pacific navy
Why did the US use Pearl Harbor as a location for the navy?
they thought it was safe
What was the USS Arizona?
one of the most famous ships hit in Pearl Harbor
What happened to the USS Arizona?
a bomb hit it on the side
What did President Roosevelt do after the attack on Pearl Harbor?
gathered all Japanese-Americans on the West Coast and put them in internment camps
What happened to the belongings of the people in these camps?
They lost everything they couldn't carry
How did the US pay for the war?
they sold war bonds
Why did the war bonds work?
they appealed to the patriotism of Americans
What is a bond?
a loan you make to the government, they pay you back with interest
What is a pin-up girl?
propaganda for soldiers
What is propaganda?
a way to persuade people to think a certain way
How did the axis and allied powers use pin-up girl propaganda?
they used them as hope towards their own men, and as a distraction to the opposing men
Who is Rosie the Riveter?
A woman on the "We Can Do It" poster
What was the "We Can Do It" poster?
one of the most famous posters
What is a WOW?
Woman On the Workforce
What was the US trying to conserve during the war?
gas, scrap metal, natural resources, food
What did many people do to provide food to their families?
they grew liberty gardens
"When you ride ALONE you ride with Hitler!" poster is trying to persuade you to do?
conserve gas by car pooling
What was the battle of Iwo Jima?
one of the biggest battles in the pacific and a US marine victory
Where was the HQ of the Manhattan Project?
Los Alamos, NM
What was the Manhattan Project?
the creation of the atomic bomb
What part did Lesley R. Groves play in the Manhattan Project?
he was the leader of the military
What part did Robert Oppenheimer play in the Manhattan Project?
he was the leader of the science
Originally, where was the US going to use their atomic bombs?
What is Hiroshima?
the location of the first atomic bomb dropping
How many people died immediately at Hiroshima?
What is Nagasaki?
the location of the second atomic bomb dropping
What is V-J Day?
Victory over Japan Day
What happened on V-J Day?
the unconditional surrender of Japan and the US agreed not to kill the emperor
What is the date of V-J Day?
September 2, 1945
How many people (total) lost their lives in WWII?
What country had the most casualties? and how many?
Russia, 23 million
What is the UN?
United Nations, like the League of Nations, but better
What was Nuremberg?
German only war trials
Who was tried and who escaped?
Only the high ranks were tried and Dr. Mengele escaped
Who was in charge of the Nuremberg trials?
the World Court
Who was directly responsible for Pearl Harbor?
Who was General Hideki Tojo?
prime minister of Japan during WWII
What was Unit 731?
they committed the worst war crimes, experimentation
What happened directly after the war ended and all of the men came home?
the baby boom
What were the affects of the baby boom?
increase in the economy, women were expected to be housewives, men were expected to support their family, everyone wanted a house
What did everyone's desire for a house cause?
more suburbs were being built
Why was the building of more suburbs strange?
they used to be only for the rich
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