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26 terms

Bones and Muscles

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Appendicular
The skeleton made up of the bones in the limbs
Arthritis
A group of diseases characterized by the inflammation and swelling of joints.
Axial
the portion of the skeleton consisting of the bones of the skull, the chest and the spine.
Ball and Socket
A joint formed when the round end of one bone fits into a cup shaped section of the bone joining it.
Cardiac
a type of involuntary muscle that forms the walls of the heart.
Cartilage
a tough, flexible type bone tissue.
Closed
a simple fracture; the broken ends of the bone do not pierce the skin surface.
Compact
a layer of hard, dense bone tissue located under the periosteum.
Dislocation
an injury in which the ends of bones are pulled out of a joint.
Fracture
a break or crack in the bone.
Greenstick
a partial fracture that is common in children.
Hinge
a joint in which the bones swing back and forth, like the knee.
Joint
the place at which two or more bones meet.
Ligament
a thick cord of collagen fibers that binds the bones together.
Open
a compound fracture ; the broken ends of the bones pierce the skins surface.
Osteoarthritis
a chronic condition in which the cartilage in the joints gradually wear away.
Osteoporosis
the loss of calcium from the bones, causing them t become brittle.
Periosteum
A strong membrane covering the outside of the bone.
Scoliosis
a condition in which there is a side-to-side curvature of the spine.
Skeletal
a muscle connected to a bone and controlled consciously.
Smooth
an involuntary muscle that surrounds many internal organs.
Sprain
a joint injury in which the ligaments around a joint are stretched or torn.
Strain
the tear in a muscle or tendon.
Tendon
a cord of a collagen fibers that connects a muscle to a bone.
Yellow Bone Marrow
Bone tissue that consists mostly of fatty cells.
Hyoid Bone
A U-shaped bone at the base of the tongue that supports the muscles of the tongue.