46 terms

poetry terms

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Narrative Poetry
A type of poetry that tells a story.
Dramatic Poetry
A type of poetry that utilizes the techniques of drama; the speaker is clearly someone other than the poet
Lyric Poetry
type of poem with highly musical verse that expresses the observations and feelings of a single speaker
Ballad
A poem that tells a story, often of a single historical or legendary person; often one dealing with love and romance
Speaker
Characters with their own points of view - their own attitudes, backgrounds, and ways of looking at reality. Their thoughts and feelings may be similar to the author or they may be utterly different
Dramatic Monologue
A poem or speech in which a fictional character expresses his or her thoughts and feelings within a developing situation.
Structure
Described in terms of stanza, form, and meter.
Stanza
A group of lines in a poem, considered a unit. Often, the stanzas in a poem are separated by spaces.
Repetition
The use of a sound, word, phrase, clause, or sentence more than once.
Rhythm
The arrangement, or pattern, of accented and unaccented syllables - the "beat".
Rhyme Scheme
The regular pattern of rhyming words in a poem; the rhyme scheme of a poem is indicated by using different letters of the alphabet for each new rhyme.
Rhyme
the repetition of sounds at the end of words.
End Rhyme
when the rhyming words come at the ends of lines.
Internal Rhyme
rhyming words appear in the same line in a poem.
Meter
the pattern of accented and unaccented syllables that form that basis of the poem's rhythm; meter signifies the number of rhythmic beats, or "feet" in a line and the arrangement of accented and unaccented syllables in each foot. (i.e. - pentameter: a line with five beats, or feet)
Eye rhyme
words whose spellings lead you to think that they rhyme
Sonnet
A fourteen-line lyric poem; 3 quatrains and 1 couplet; usually rhyming
Shakespearean Sonnet
Consists of 3 quatrains and a couplet; a 14-lined poem, usually written in rhymed iambic pentameter; abab cdcd efef gg.
Quatrain
A stanza or poem made up of four lines with rhythm and rhyme
Couplet
A pair of rhyming lines, usually in the same length and meter.
Iamb
One unstressed and one stressed syllable in a 5-foot line.
Blank Verse
Poetry written in unrhymed iambic pentameter. (Poetry that does not rhyme but has a line of five beats.)
Free Verse
Verse without a regular arrangement of accented and unaccented syllables; it is free of the restrictions of a set rhythmical pattern for each line. However, since free verse poetry is divided into lines, the movement from one line to the next establishes a kind of rhythm.
Figurative Language
Writing or speech not meant to be interpreted literally; language that uses the three figures of speech: metaphor, simile, personification.
Symbol
Something that has its own meaning but that stands for or represents something else.
Imagery
Descriptive language used to create word pictures.
Apostrophe
The direct address of a person or a personified thing. It often interrupts the discussion.
Alliteration
The repetition of consonant sounds at the beginning of two or more words.
Onomatopoeia
The use of words to imitate sounds or suggest a sound. When the pronunciation of a word suggests its meaning.
Irony
Words or events that show reality as different from what people expect.
Metaphor
A figure of speech comparing one thing to another without using like or as; one thing is said to be another.
Extended Metaphor
as in a regular metaphor, a subject is spoken or written of as though it were something else. However, an extended metaphor differs from a regular metaphor in that several comparisons are made.
Simile
A figure of speech where like or as are used to make a comparison between two unlike ideas.
Personification
A type of figurative language in which a non-human subject is given human characteristics.
Sensory Words
Writing or speech that appeals to one or more of the 5 senses (touch, taste, sight, sound, smell)
Allusion
a reference to a well-known person, place, event, literary work, or work of art.
Hyperbole
The use of exaggeration
Oxymoron
A paradox reduced to two words, usually in an adjective-noun or adverb-adjective relationship.
Paradox
A statement that seems contradictory but is actually true
Pun
A play on words based on the similarity of sound between words with different meanings.
Consonance
The repetition in two or more words of the final consonants in stressed syllables
Assonance
The repetition of vowel sounds followed by different consonants in two or more stressed syllables.
Theme
A central message or insight into life.
Inference
To draw a conclusion about something; an educated guess.
Mood
The feeling created in the reader when reading a poem.
Tone
The writer's attitude toward his/her audience or subject.
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