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AP Human Exam (Von Thunen's Model)
Terms in this set (29)
Von Thunen's Model
A model explaining and predicting where and why various agricultural activities would take place around a city's marketplace
Von Thunen's Model 2nd Definition
A geographical pattern of land use based on perishability of products and costs of transportation
When was Von Thunen's created?
During the Industrial Revolution (Second Urban Revolution)
What does Von Thunen's Model assume?
The city is in an "isolated state" meaning it is self-sufficient, no external influences
There is one central market place where all farmers sell their products in attempt to make the most profit
The farmland is all equally farmable, productive, and climate patterns are the same
There is only one mode of transportation available
What is one variable that could change this?
the distance a farm was located from the city's central market was a determining factor in transportation costs
The central marketplace is surrounded by...
agricultural activity zones that are concentric rings, each ring representing a different type of agricultural land use
Moving outward from the city's central marketplace...
the farming activities changed from intensive (smaller area) to more extensive (covering a large area)
How can the Von Thunen land use pattern be explained?
through land rent and transportation costs
Which land costs the much?
Land closest to the city's market place is more expensive than the land further away
Give an example of Von Thunen's model
EXAMPLE: grain farmer needs a lot more land and therefore will live further from the city's market place (cheaper) BUT a dairy farmer will farm closer to the city's market place so milk/ dairy products will get to the city quicker as not spoil as they are transported
Another example of Von Thunen's model
Grazing makes extensive use of the land often located farthest outside of the city's market place in the zone which is the cheapest to rent
What could be barriers to productivity?
All things are never equal-land, soil, ability to farm, physical features as barriers to productivity
What will play major factors according to Von Thunen's theory?
Location and profitability will always play major factors
he key to understanding Von Thunen's model...
land use (type of farming) is determined by how labor-intensive the type of arming is
Crops and animals that require lots of attention...
are going to be closest to the town
The ones that require the least attention....
will be the furthest
Town, village, or city
the central place
next layer out
intensive farming: vegetables, dairying, market gardens
village forest or "wood"
Extensive farming layer 4
grain crops, hay fields
grazing lands, meadows
perfect land for grazing
From an economic perspective...
Von Thunen's model explains the cost-to-distance relationship in agricultural land use
The higher the total labor costs...
the closer it is to the center
The lower the labor costs...
the farther it is to the center
Labor costs can be equated to the...
price of rent paid by peasants to farm a piece of land generally owned by aristocrats under the political economy of feudalism
The more labor inputs required...
the higher rents paid on land to produce a specific good will be
Prices for goods in markets are a product of.....
rent and labor inputs
Fruits and vegetables are much more expensive by volume than wheat