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Terms in this set (13)
What is Pyrrhonian Skepticism?
We lack knowledge entriely
Modern day skepticism conludes that?
We merely lack knowledge about the mind-independent external world.
If Susan believes that Noel has the flu and that belief is true, does it follow from this alone that Susan knows that Noel has the flu?
If Susan knows that Noel has the the flu, does i follow from this alone that Susan believes that Noel has the flu and that the belief is true?
Idealism is the claim that
all of fundamental reality is mental
Direct Realism says that
We directly perceive the external world
i. The water is warm to Jill ii. the water is cold to bill
From these two claims what was concluded in the argument in favor of direct realism?
What Jill and Bill feel is the water
i. material objects are in the mind ii. If p is the best explanation for q, then p is true iii. The best explanation of the fact that properties are in the mind is that material objects are in the mind.
Which one of them follows form the other two?
i follows form ii and iii
Berkely thinks that ...
a.) There is no mind-independent external world
b.) all properties are properties located in the mind
c.) The notion of an unperceived object is incoherent
i. I do not know that I am not a brain in a vat ii. I do not know that i have a body iii. If i know that I have a body, then I know that I am not a brain in vat
Which one them follows the other two?
ii follows from i and iii
Morality is relative to the individual.
Morality is relative to the culture
CRITICISMS OF CULTURAL RELATIVISM?
-Does not allow for moral progress.
-Makes different cultures morally on par (e.g. KKK culture and Civil Rights
-Makes a culture morally infallible
-Has hard time making sense of moral saints (Martin Luther King, Ghandi) and
moral sinners (Hitler, Stalin)
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