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13 terms

Chapter 13 Science Vocab

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chemical bonding
the combining of atoms to form molecules or ionic compounds
chemical bond
an interaction that holds atoms or ions together
valence electron
an electron that is found in the outermost shell of an atom and that determines the atom's chemical properties
ionic bond
a bond that forms when electrons are transferred from one atom to another, which results in a positive ion and negative ion
ion
a charged particle that forms when an atom or group of atoms gains or loses one or more electrons
crystal lattice
the regular pattern in which crystal is arranged
covalent bond
a bond formed when atoms share one or more pairs of electrons
molecule
the smallest unit of a substance that keeps all of the physical and chemical properties of that substance
diatomic molecules
molecules made up of two atoms
diatomic elements
elements that are found in nature
metallic bond
a bond formed by the attraction between positively charged metal ions and the electrons around them
ductility
the ability to be drawn into thin wires
malleability
the ability to be hammered into sheets