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82 terms

Anthro 361 final

Daniel Boxburger WWU
STUDY
PLAY
who had War clans and peace clans?
Creek
AKA Hiawatha
Iroquois Confederacy
Unto These Hills
Cherokee
Who is James Vann related with
Cherokee
Delaware Confederacy
Northeast
who utilized riverine agriculture?
Cherokee
which tribe allowed Freed Men to join?
Cherokee
Which tribe did the Worcester v. Georgia affect?
Cherokee
According to the Pocahontas Syndrome, Natove American women are usually portrayed as?
Loyal helpmates for non-Native characters
Columbus's writings that compared the peaceful Arawak with the cannibalistic Carib is an example of?
The noble savage/ruthless savage dichotomy
The first native north americans to have direct contact with europeans were probably the?
Carib
The tonto syndrome characterizes the way native american males are portrayed in popular film. according to the tonto syndrom native american males are...
Secondary to the main character who is almost always european american
an example of an anachronism would be
The lakota sioux being introduced to guns in 1865
one of the problems with early academic anthropology was that
it portrayed native culture in a changeless state
the problem of historicizing native american cultures refers to
the idea that native americans have been denied a place in history
the concept of the later 1800's and early 1900's that suggested the native people were disappearing culturally and physically is know as
the vanishing race
a geographical area occupied by a number of people whos lifestyles show a significant degree of similarity with on another and at the same time show a significant degree of dissimilarity with the lifestyles of people of other areas.
culture area
the most commonly accepted scientific theory for the people of north america is
the beringia land bridge
according to the vine deloria in the arctic low bridge the scientific theories of the migration of people to the north america has contemporary political implications for native americans
True
The most common kinship system among native north americans especially north and southeast
Matrilineal
The native american cultures of the northeast and southeast culture areas demonstrate a close correlation between subsistence practices kinship types. this correlation suggests
the matrilineal system prevail in certain types of agricultural societies
The three sisters of the iroquois
Corn, beans, squash
the dominant forms of intensive agriculture in native north america, ca. 1500
swidden, riverine, and irrigation
the type of agriculture practiced in the southeast culture are ca. 1500
riverine
the communicable disease which had the most devastating effects on the native people of North america
smallpox
a major reason native americans succumbed to disease in the 1500's was because
they had no acquired resistance
one reason why the first epidemics to hit native north america in early 1500s were so devastating because
the population density was likely at its peak
The commerce clause is in the?
constitution of the united states
what is meant by the supreme court ruling that indian tribes are domestic dependent nations?
indians tribes retain some degree of sovereignty
which of the following tribes is NOT part of the original iroquois confederacy
tuscarora
indian treaties in the united states are
the supreme law of the land
The royal proclamation of 1763
established the right of aboriginal ownership of land
the only event in history that caused the break up of the iroquois confederacy was?
the american revolution
in the iroquois confederacy the purpose of the wampum belt was to
sanctify important agreements
the chiefs of the iroquois confederacy are chosen by?
the elder women of the clans
within the iroquois confederacy decisions were made by?
consensus
the seminole were originally part of the
creek
according to your instructor, the five civilized tribes were able to penetrate the european-american dominated economy by
adapting many of the same agricultural techniques
sequoyah's syllabary is used for writing which language?
cherokee
the forced removal of native peoples from the southeast was so complete that no tribes remain in the southeast today
False
the purpose of the indian removal act of 1830 was to
remove all native people in the east to west of the mississippi river
the trail of tears refers to
the removal of the cherokee to oklahoma
the run of 89 refers to
the opening of land in oklahoma for non indan settlement
what is the major impact of the indian removal act today?
there are a large number of non-recognized tribes in the southeast
a major difference between treaties and agreements is that
agreements are more easily changed
according to your instructor, the ___________ has created the most contentious issue stemming from the treaties govenor isaac stevens negotiated in washington territory
Subsistance clause
the makah have a right to hunt whales because
Their treaty stipulates the right
to be recognized as "American Indian" by the US federal government an individual must
demonstrate at lease 1/4 degree indian blood, and be a member of a federally recognized tribe
federally-recognized tribes are created by
treaty, executive order, and an act of congress
according to your instructor indigenous rights issues in the usa, canada and mexico center on
land, resources, and self-governance
indian policy in both the usa and canada stem from the
royal proclamation of 1763
the stevens treaties of western washington are a prime example of which era of treaty making
treaties of land cession and reservations
the public outcry over makah whaling that reacted to the use of modern technology to harvest the wales is an example of which "persistent stereotype"
the anachronism syndrome
prior to the adoption of the horse the people ofthe plains culture area met their needs for subsistence by
som groups were hunters, some groups were farmers
plains warfare, prior to the wars with the united states, was primarily for the purpose of
gaining status and prestige
the ghost dance spread throughout the plains during the wars with the united states because it promised
a world free of whites, that the dead would come back to life, and the buffalo would return
The NAGPRA was considered necessary because of the
huge number of human remains held by museums
the controversy surrounding the remains known as the ancient one (kennewick man) provided an excellent example of the problems of the perception of race in american culture. The american anthropological association (and your instructor) argue that we must view race as
being about culture, not biology and a perception embedded in institutions and everyday life
Kennewick man was probably
caucasian
the people of the great basin were so dependent on localized food resources that tehy
practiced agriculture of native plants
the creation of the pyramid lake paiute reservation was brought about by
conflict over resources
the purpose of the "colonies" in the great basin culture area was
to provide access to wage labor
what is the winters doctrine
the legal interpretation of water allocation in the western united states
Puha refers to the cuiuidokado concept of
spirituality
one of the main reasons the pyramid lake paiute were powerless to stop the diversion of the truckee river was because
they are a non treaty tribe
encomienda refers to
the spanish system of colonization
the policy of the US that initiated moves to end the federal relationship with native american tribes is know as
termination policy
The era of mexican domination over the native people of california was characterized by
the establishment of private "ranchos"
institutionalized genocide in northern california was perpetrated by the
americans
on impact of the relocation program of the 1950s on california was
the emergence of intertribal political movements
it is likely that the horses spread to native ameican groups in the plateau culture before the horse spread to the northern plains culture ares
true
the most common form of kinship system in the southwest culture ares is
matrilineal
in the southwest culture area "the way" refers to
the path of life every nacajo must follow
one of the principle reasons given for the rapid territorial expansions of the navajo after 1868 was
their pastoral lifestyle
the important difference between treat reservations created by executive order or an act of congress is
mos significant in dealing with issues of right to natural resources
the navajo-hopi land dispute primarily came about because of
the need for more coal for the navajo generating plants
the navajo and hopi are an example of native americans cultures which are very different culturally yet both have belief systems which focus on
harmony and balance
the event in the 1860's that caused the displacement of most of the navajo tribe is remembered today as
the long walk
one of the most controversial disputes in the southwest and great basin culture areas today is
the control of water
in the 1930's the US gov. began the stock reduction program on the navajo res because
overgrazing was causing silt problems in the colorado river
according to your instructor, one of the major sources of conflict between the navajo and hopi over land use is
their differeing world views
according to your instructor, the division of the joint use area was initiated by the US federal Gov. because
the navajo were willing to mine the coal found there