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Chapter 6

STUDY
PLAY
agribusiness
the operation of specialized commercial farms for more efficiency and profits.
capitalism
an economic system in which business, industries and resources are privately owned.
central business district
city center dominated by large stores, officies, and buildings.
command economy
an economic system in which the government decides what to produce, where to make it, and what price to charge.
communism
an economic and political system in which the government owns or controls almost all the means of production.
cultural boundaries
boundaries that are based on culture traits.
domestication
the process in which people grow plants and tame animals for their own use.
democracy
a system of government in which the people decide who will govern.
developed countries
countries with high levels of industrialization and high standards of living.
developing countries
countries with less productive economies than developed countries and low standards of living.
edge cities
clusters of large buildings away from the central business district of a city.
free enterprise
system the lets competition among business determine the price of product.
geometric boundaries
boundaries that follow geometric patterns.
gross domestic product
the total value of goods and services created within a country.
gross national product
the total value of goods and services that a country produces in a year.
industrialization
the process by which manufacturing based on machines power becomes widespread in an area.
infrastructure
system of roads, ports, and other facilities needed by a modern economy.
literacy rate
percentage of people who can read and write.
market economy
an economic system in which people choose freely what to buy and sell.
market-oriented agriculture
agriculture system in which farmers grow products to sell to consumers.
nationalism
a feeling of pride and loyalty for one's country or culture group
natural boundaries
boundaries that follow a feature of the landscape.
pastoralism
a type of subsistence agriculture involving herding animals.
quotas
in trade matters, limits on the amount of production that can be imported.
shifting cultivation
a process in which farmers clear trees or brush for short-term planting before moving on to clear another area.
subsistence agriculture
farming in which foor is produced by a family just for its own needs.
tariffs
taxes in imports and exports.
totalitarian government
a government in which one person or a small group of people rule a country and in which the people have no say.
urbanization
growth in the proportion of people living in town and cities.
world cities
huge urban areas that are the most important centers of economic power and wealth.