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23 terms

Neonate disease

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What is the purpose of nasal flaring
allows the infant to get more air by widening of the nares during inspiration
What is cyanosis
lack of oxygen to the tissue
Why does a baby have retractions
lungs are becoming less compliant and pressure is needed to overcome it
what is the major factor of the development of RDS
deficiency of surfactant production
What is used to make a definitive diagnosis of RDS
xray - will have ground glass apperance
what are the traditional treatments for RDS
surfactant replacement
ventilatory support with peep or CPAP
What are the 4 factors linked to BPD
oxygen toxicity
barotrauma/volutrama
presence of PDA
fluid overload
what two measures should health care providers consider to prevent BPD
lowest possible airway pressure and lowest FI02
what is the sound of the systolic murmur heard in the upper left sternal border if an infant has PDA
washing machine
what are the two treatments for PDA
surgery
fluid restrictions
what are the three factors of PPHN
pulmonary vasoconstriction
severly increased pulmonary vascular resistance
right to left shunting
how does nitric oxide treat PPHN
vasodilation
what are the 4 defects involved in Tetrology of Fallot
Ventricular septal defect
an overriding aorta
ventricular right hypertrophy
pulmonary artery stenosis
what is the defect involved in Transposition of the Great Vessels?
the aorta arises from the right ventricle and the pulmonary artery arises from the left ventricle / positions are reversed from normal
What is used to verify the diagnosis of Tetrology of Fallout and transposition of the Great Vessels
Cardiac Catherization
Prostaglandine E is a drug often given to treat what disease
transportation of the Great Vessels
in PDA where do you put the transcutaneous monitoring
right arm post ductally on the admonem NEVER ON BONES
how do you prevent thermal injuries
rotate every 2-4 hours and keep the temp less than 44 degrees
RDS is also known as what
Hyaline membrane disease HMD
what is BPD Bronchopulmonary Dysplasia
chronic lung disease that occurs in premature infants that required high pressure and high FI02 for the first week or more of life
what is PPHN persistant pulmonary hypertension
clinical syndrome of pulmonary vasoconstriction with severely increased pulmonary vascular resistance and right to left shunting
what is diaphragmatic Hernia
is a prostrusion or projection of an organ through an abnormal opening
what is patent ductus arteriosus PDA
the ductus arteriousus remains open after birth