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What is the purpose of nasal flaring
allows the infant to get more air by widening of the nares during inspiration
Why does a baby have retractions
lungs are becoming less compliant and pressure is needed to overcome it
what are the traditional treatments for RDS
ventilatory support with peep or CPAP
What are the 4 factors linked to BPD
presence of PDA
what two measures should health care providers consider to prevent BPD
lowest possible airway pressure and lowest FI02
what is the sound of the systolic murmur heard in the upper left sternal border if an infant has PDA
what are the three factors of PPHN
severly increased pulmonary vascular resistance
right to left shunting
what are the 4 defects involved in Tetrology of Fallot
Ventricular septal defect
an overriding aorta
ventricular right hypertrophy
pulmonary artery stenosis
what is the defect involved in Transposition of the Great Vessels?
the aorta arises from the right ventricle and the pulmonary artery arises from the left ventricle / positions are reversed from normal
What is used to verify the diagnosis of Tetrology of Fallout and transposition of the Great Vessels
in PDA where do you put the transcutaneous monitoring
right arm post ductally on the admonem NEVER ON BONES
what is BPD Bronchopulmonary Dysplasia
chronic lung disease that occurs in premature infants that required high pressure and high FI02 for the first week or more of life
what is PPHN persistant pulmonary hypertension
clinical syndrome of pulmonary vasoconstriction with severely increased pulmonary vascular resistance and right to left shunting
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