-Dutch aristocratic family
-glasses, short, asthma
> tried to be manly: shooting, horseback riding, boxing, wrestling, cowboy
-3 terms in NY State Assembly, ran for Mayor of NY in 1886, Federal Civil Service Commission, Assistant Secretary of Navy
-wrote "The Naval War of 1812" and "The Winning of the West"
-Led cavalry brigade (Rough Riders) in Spanish-American-Cuban-Filipino War > folk hero
-economy needed government support of national affairs
-government should act as an umpire