parasitic microorganism causing genital infections in males and females can lead to pelvic inflammatory disease in females
function of secreting milk after childbirth from the breast or mammary glands
thining of the cervix during labor
sexually transmitted inflammation of the musous membranes of either sex
abnormal or difficult labor and childbirth
finger like extensions at the end of fallopian tubes
substance that collects in the intestines of a fetus and becomes first stool of newborn
domes in upper portion of an organ such as the stomach or uterus
inablitiy to produce children
failure of testes to descend into the scrotal sac before birth
destruction of sprem
wartlike growth on the external genitalia
protrusion of hernia of the rectum into the vagina
congenital lack of a normal body opening
medication that terminates a pregnancy
Puncturing of the amniotic sac using a needle and syringe for the purpose of withdrawing amniotic fluid for testing.
Can assist in determining fetal maturity, development, and genetic disorders.
inner layer of two membranous sacs surrounding the fetus.
sac containing amniotic fluid in which the baby floats.
discharge of amniotic fluid
pertaining to amnion
fluid inside amniotic sac
incision into the amniotic sac
A class of steroid hormones secreted by the adrenal cortex.
hormone that produces a masculinizing effect.
Replacement male hormones to treat patients who produce insufficient hormone naturally.
Congenital absence of one or both testes.
While the uterus is normally in this position, an exaggeration of the forward bend of the uterus is abnormal. The forward bend is near the neck of the uterus. The position of cervix, or opening of the uterus, remains normal.
Medications to treat early cases of benign prostatic hypertrophy; may prevent surgery for mild cases.
Lack of, or failure to ejaculate, sperm.
Inflammation of the skin covering the glans penis.
Surgical repair of the glans penis.
Discharge from the glans penis.
Prevention of a pregnancy using a device to prevent sperm from meeting an ovum; examples include condoms, diaphragms, and cervical caps.
Glands located on either side of the vaginal opening that secrete mucus for vaginal lubrication.
benign prostatic hypertrophy (BPH)
Enlargement of the prostate gland commonly seen in males over 50.
Malignant tumor of the breast; usually forms in the milk-producing gland tissue or the lining of the milk ducts.
Milk-producing glands to provide nutrition for newborn.
Milk-producing glands to provide nutrition for newborn.
Placement of the fetus in which the buttocks or feet are presented first for delivery rather than the head.
two small male reproductive system glands located on either side of the urethra distal to the prostate, secretion neutralizes the acidity in the urethra and the vagina.
Yeast-like infection of the skin and mucous membranes that can result in white plaques on the tongue and vagina.
Excision of the testicles in the male or the ovaries in the female.
Destruction of tissue using an electric current, a caustic product, or a hot iron, or by freezing.
Pertaining to the neck.
Taking a sample of tissue from the cervix to test for the presence of cancer cells
Malignant growth in the cervix. An especially difficult type of cancer to treat, it causes 5% of the cancer deaths in women. PAP tests have helped to detect early cervical cancer.
Excision of the cervix.
The narrow, distal portion of the uterus that joins to the vagina.
cesarean section (CS, C-section)
Surgical delivery of a baby through an incision into the abdominal and uterine walls. Legend has it that the Roman emperor Julius Caesar was the first person born by this method.
Highly infectious nonsyphilitic venereal ulcer.
Parasitic microorganism causing genital infections in males and females; can lead to pelvic inflammatory disease in females and eventual infertility.
Rare type of cancer of the uterus. May occur following a normal pregnancy or abortion.
outer layer of two membranous sacs surrounding the fetus. It helps to form the placenta.
chorionic villus sampling (CVS)
Removal of a small piece of the chorion for genetic analysis; may be done at an earlier stage of pregnancy than amniocentesis.
Surgical removal of the end of the prepuce or foreskin of the penis. Generally performed on the newborn male at the request of the parents for ease of hygiene or ritual practice in some religions.
A small organ containing erectile tissue that is covered by the labia minora. It contains sensitive tissue that is aroused during sexual stimulation and is similar to the penis in the male.
A thin fluid first secreted by the breast after delivery; it does not contain much protein, but is rich in antibodies.
Visual examination of the cervix and vagina using a colposcope or instrument with a magnifying lens.
Fertilization of an ovum by a sperm.
Wart-like growth on the external genitalia.
Surgical removal of a core of cervical tissue. Also refers to partial removal of the cervix.
the body or central portion of the uterus
Also called bulbourethral gland.
When the head of the baby is visible through the vaginal opening. A sign that birth is imminent.
Failure of the testes to descend into the scrotal sac before birth. Generally, the testes will descend before the boy is one year old. A surgical procedure called orchidopexy may be required to bring the testes down into the scrotum permanently. Failure of the testes to descend could result in sterility in the male.
Examination of the female pelvic cavity by introducing an endoscope through the wall of the vagina.
Hernia or outpouching of the bladder that protrudes into the vagina, may cause urinary frequency and urgency.
emergence of the baby from the birth canal.
digital rectal exam (DRE)
Manual examination for an enlarged prostate gland performed by palpating (feeling)the prostate gland through the wall of the rectum.
dilation and curettage (D & C)
Surgical procedure in which the opening of the cervix is dilated and the uterus is scrapped or suctioned of its lining or tissue. Often performed after a spontaneous abortion and to stop excessive bleeding from other causes.
The first stage of labor. The thinning of the cervix is called effacement.
Painful cramping that is associated with menstruation.
Painful sexual intercourse.
Abnormal or difficult labor and childbirth.
Convulsive seizures and coma that can occur in a woman between the 20th week of pregnancy and the first week of postpartum. Often associated with hypertension.
thinning of the cervix during labor.
impulse of forcing seminal fluid from the male urethra.
legal termination of a pregnancy for nonmedical reasons.
term to describe the developing infant from fertilization until the end of the eighth week.
Pertaining to the embryo.
Inflammation of the inner aspect of the cervix.
Taking a sample of tissue from the lining of the uterus to test for abnormalities.
Cancer of the endometrial lining of the uterus.
Abnormal condition of endometrium tissue appearing throughout the pelvis or on the abdominal wall.
Inflammation of the endometrial lining of the uterus.
The inner lining of the uterus. It contains a rich blood supply and reacts to hormonal changes every month, which results in menstruation. During a pregnancy, the lining of the uterus does not leave the body but remains to nourish the unborn child.
Pertaining to the epididymis.
Surgical excision of the epididymis.
a coiled tubule that lies on top of the tests within the scrotum.
tube stores sperm as they are produced and turns into the vas deferens.
Inflammation of the epididymis that causes pain and swelling in the inguinal area.
Suture the perineum.
Surgical incision of the perineum to facilitate the delivery process to prevent an irregular tearing of tissue during birth.
Congenital opening of the urethra on the dorsal surface of the penis.
erectile dysfunction (ED)
Inability to copulate due to inability to maintain an erection; also called impotence.
erectile dysfunction agents
Medication that temporarily produces an erection in patients with erectile dysfunction.
Tissue with numerous blood vessels and nerve endings.
becomes filled with blood and enlarges in size in response to sexual stimulation.
One of the hormones produced by the ovaries. It works with progesterone to control the menstrual cycle and it is responsible for producing the secondary sexual characteristics.
Stage of labor and delivery during which the baby is delivered.
Organ in the female reproductive system that transports eggs from the ovary to the uterus.
Medication that triggers ovulation. Also called ovulation stimulant.
The fusion of an ova and sperm to produce an embryo.
pertaining to fetus
Using electronic equipment placed on the mother's abdomen to check the baby's heart rate and strength during labor.
term to describe the developing newborn from the end of the eighth week until birth.
fibrocystic breast disease
Benign cysts forming in the breast.
Benign tumor or growth that contains fiber-like tissue, most common tumors in women.
fingerlike extensions on the end of the fallopian tubes, drape over each ovary in order to direct the ovum into the fallopian tube after it is expelled by the ovary.
follicle-stimulating hormone (FSH)
hormone secreted by anterior pituitary gland. It stimulates growth of eggs in females and sperm in males.
Twins that develop from two different ova fertilized by two different sperm; although twins, these siblings do not have identical DNA.
Evaluation of parents' potential for producing a child with a genetic disease; especially important for families with a history of genetic diseases.
Creeping skin disease that can appear like a blister or vesicle, caused by a sexually transmitted virus.
Growths and elevations of warts on the genitalia of both males and females that can lead to cancer of the cervix in females.
The male and female reproductive organs.
Referring to the organs of the urinary system and the female or male sexual organs.
Length of time from conception to birth, generally nine months. Calculated from the first day of the last menstrual period, with a range of from 259 days to 280 days.
larger and softer tip of the penis
protected by a covering called the prepuce or foreskin
Sexually transmitted inflammation of the mucous membranes of either sex.
Can be passed on to an infant during the birth process.
physician specialized in treating conditions and diseases of the female reproductive system.
Branch of medicine specializing in conditions of the female reproductive system.
Condition of having blood in the fallopian tubes.
hemolytic disease of the newborn (HDN)
Condition in which antibodies in the mother's blood enter the fetus's blood and cause anemia, jaundice, edema, and enlargement of the liver and spleen. Also called erythroblastosis fetalis.
Use of hormones to block ovulation and prevent contraception.
May be in the form of a pill, a patch, an implant under the skin, or injection.
hormone replacement therapy (HRT)
Menopause or the surgical loss of the ovaries results in the lack of estrogen production; replacing this estrogen with an oral medication prevents some of the consequences of menopause, especially in younger women who have surgically lost their ovaries.
human immunodeficiency virus (HIV)
Virus that causes AIDS
virus that causes AIDS
Accumulation of fluid within the testes.
thin membranous tissue that covers the external vaginal opening or orifice.
membrane is broken during the first sexual encounter of the female.
this can also be broken prematurely by the use of tampons or during some sports activities.
Surgical removal of the hymen, performed when the hymen tissue is particularly tough
Congenital opening of the male urethra on the underside of the penis.
Removal of the uterus.
Surgical fixation of the uterus.
Rupture of the uterus.
Process of taking an X-ray of the uterus and oviducts after a radiopaque material is injected into the organs.
Twins that develop from the splitting of one fertilized ovum; these siblings have identical DNA.
Inability to copulate due to inability to maintain an erection; also called erectile dysfunction.
Inability to produce children; generally defined as no pregnancy after properly timed intercourse for 1 year.
intrauterine device (IUD)
Device that is inserted into the uterus by a physician for the purpose of contraception.
fold of skin that serves as protection for the female external genitalia and urethral meatus.
fold of skin that serves as protection for the female external genitalia and urethral meatus.
period of time beginning with uterine contractions and ending with the birth of the baby.
pertaining to milk
Carries milk from the mild-producing glands to the nipple.
Milk-producing glands in the breast.
Discharge of milk.
An instrument or scope is passed into the abdominal wall through a small incision.
Also called peritoneoscopy.
abdominal cavity examined for tumors and other conditions with this lighted instrument.
Incision into the abdomen.
Excision of only a breast tumor and the tissue immediately surrounding it.
luteinizing hormone (LH)
hormone secreted by the anterior pituitary, regulates function of male and female gonads and plays a role in releasing ova in females.
pertaining to the breast
Process of X-raying the breast.
Surgical repair of the breast.
Inflammation of the breast, which is common during lactation but can occur at any age.
Excessive bleeding during the menstrual period and at intervals between menstrual periods.
Cessation or ending of menstrual activity. This is generally between the ages of 40 and 55.
Excessive bleeding during the menstrual period. Can be either in the total number of days or the amount of blood or both.
Another name for the menstrual cycle.
The loss of blood and tissue as the endometrium in shed by the uterus. The flow exits the body through the cervix and vagina. The flow occurs approximately every 28 days.
Rapid (menstrual) blood flow from the uterus.
Discharge from the uterus.
Woman who has had more than one pregnancy.
Woman who has given birth to more than one child.
The middle muscle layer of the uterus.
Term used to describe the newborn infant during the first 4 weeks of life.
Study of the newborn.
Point at which milk is released from the breast.
Woman who has never been pregnant.
Woman who has never produced a viable baby.
Branch of medicine that treats women during pregnancy and childbirth, and immediately after childbirth.
Scanty menstrual flow.
removal of ovary
Inflammation of an ovary.
oral contraceptive pills (OCPs)
Birth control medication that uses low doses of female hormones to prevent conception by blocking ovulation.
Excision of the testes.
Surgical fixation to move undescended testes into the scrotum and attaching to prevent retraction.
Surgical removal of the testes.
Incision into the testes.
female sex cell or gamete produced in the ovary, ovum fuses with a sperm to produce an embryo. Singular is ovum.
Sac that develops within the ovary.
responsible for the production of the sex cells, ova, and the hormones estrogen and progesterone.
two glands located on either side of the lower abdominopelvic region of the female.
Tubes that carry the ovum from the ovary to the uterus; also called fallopian tubes or uterine tubes.
release of an ovum from the ovary.
hormone secreted by the posterior pituitary, stimulates uterine contractions during labor and delivery.
Physical examination of the vagina and adjacent organs performed by a physician placing the fingers of one hand into the vagina. A visual examination is performed using a speculum.
pelvic inflammatory disease (PID)
Any inflammation of the female reproductive organs, generally bacterial in nature.
Use of ultrasound waves to produce an image or photograph of an organ, such as the uterus, ovaries, or fetus.
Measurement of the pelvic area, which helps in determining if the fetus can be delivered vaginally.
male sex organ, composed of erectile tissue that becomes erect during sexual stimulation, allowing it to be placed within the female vagina for ejaculation of semen.
Inflammation around the uterus.
outer layer of the uterus.
In the male, the external region between the scrotum and anus.
In the female, the external region between the vagina and anus.
Narrowing of the foreskin over the glans penis that results in difficulty with hygiene, can lead to infection or difficulty with urination, treated with circumcision.
two small male reproductive system glands located on either side of the urethra just distal to the prostate.
secretion from these glands neutralizes the acidity in the urethra and the vagina.
uterine contractions that press the fetus against the cervix causing it to dilate to 10 cm and become thin.