DCC Core Latin Vocabulary

Paideia Students Use This Set
STUDY
PLAY

Terms in this set (...)

vōtum -ī n.
solemn promise, vow; hope
uxor uxōris f.
wife
vōs; (gen.) vestrum; (dat./abl.) vestrīs; (acc.) vōs
you (pl.)
vōx, vōcis f.
voice; utterance
urbs, urbis f.
city
ūsque
up to; continuously
ūsus, ūsūs m.
use, experience
ut
as (+ indic.); so that, with the result that (+ subj.)
uterque, utraque, utrumque
each of two
ūtilis, -e
useful
ūtor, ūtī, ūsus sum
use, consume, employ (+abl.)
utrum
whether
utrum ... an
whether ... or
vulgō
commonly
vulgus -ī n. and m.
the common people
vulnus -eris n.
wound
vultus -ūs m.
look, expression, face
turbō -āre
confuse
tūtus -a -um
safe, protected
tuus -a -um
your
turba -ae f.
crowd, uproar
tum or tunc
then
tē, tuī, tibi, tē
you (sing.)
trīstis -e
sad, solemn, grim
tribūnus -ī m.
tribune, title of various Roman officials, as mīlitum, plēbis, aerāriī
trēs tria
three
vacō vacāre
be empty, open, unoccupied
vacuus -a -um
empty
turpis -e
ugly, unsightly; disgraceful
vehō vehere vēxī vectum; vehor vehī vectus sum:
carry; travel, ride
ve
or (postpositive enclitic)
ubi
where, when
vātēs -is m.
poet, bard
varius -a -um
changing, various
vanus -a -um
empty; false, deceitful
validus -a -um
strong
valeō valēre valuī; valē!
be strong, excel, be valid, prevail; farewell!
vagus -a -um
wandering, shifting
trānseō -īre -iī -itum
go across
trahō trahere trāxī trāctum
drag, draw
trādō -dere -didī -ditum
hand over, yield
teneō -ēre -uī tentum
hold, keep
tenebrae -brārum f. pl.
darkness, the shadows
tendō tendere tetendī tentum
stretch, extend, direct (one's steps or course)
tempus -oris n.
time
templum -ī n.
consecrated ground; temple
tempestas -tātis f.
period of time, season; bad weather, storm
tēlum -ī n.
missile, weapon, spear
tellus tellūris f.
earth
tegō tegere tēxī tēctum
cover, conceal
tener -era -erum
tender
temptō -āre
try, test
tergum -ī n.; ā tergō
back, rear; from the rear
tōtus -a -um
whole, entire
tot
so many
tollō tollere sustulī sublātum
raise up, destroy
timor -ōris m.
fear
timeō -ēre -uī
to fear, to dread
testis -is m.
witness
tertius -a -um
third
terreō terrēre terruī territum
terrify, frighten
terra -ae f.
land
tēctum -ī n.
roof; building; house
vel; vel ... vel
or else, or; even; either ... or
ultrā (adv. and prep. + acc.)
beyond, further
ultimus -a -um
farthest, final, last, ultimate
ūllus -a -um
any, anyone
vix
scarcely
vīvō vīvere vīxī vīctum
live
vītō -āre
avoid, shun
vitium -ī n.
flaw, fault, crime
vīta -ae f.
life
vīs f.; (acc.) vim; (abl.) vī; (pl.) vīrēs
force; (pl.) strength
umbra -ae f.
shade, shadow
umquam
ever
unda -ae f.
wave, flowing water, water
voluptās -ātis f.
pleasure, enjoyment
voluntās -ātis f.
wish, desire
volucris -is f./m.
bird
volucer -cris -cre
flying
volō velle voluī
wish, be willing
vocō -āre
call
ūnus -a -um
one
undique
from all sides, on all sides
unde
from where
virtūs -ūtis f.
valor, manliness, virtue
virgō -inis f.
maiden, virgin, girl
vir virī m.
man
vester vestra vestrum
your
vērus -a -um
TRUE
vertō vertere vertī versum
turn
vērō
in fact, certainly, without doubt
vereor verērī veritus sum
fear, stand in awe of
vērē
truly
verbum -ī n.
word
ventus -ī m.
wind
veniō venīre vēnī ventum
come
velut
even as, just as
vestīgium -ī n.
footstep, footprint, track
vestis -is f.
garment, robe, clothing
vīnum -ī n.
vine, wine
vinculum -ī n.
bond, fetter, tie
vincō vincere vīcī victum
conquer
videō vidēre vīdī vīsum
see
victōria -ae f.
victory
victor -ōris m.
conqueror
vīcīnus -a -um
neighboring, near
via -ae f.
way, street
vetus veteris
old
vetō -āre vetuī vetītum
forbid
sīc; sīc ... ut
in this manner, thus; in the same way as
sīcut
just as
sīdus -eris n.
star, constellation
sīgnum -ī n.
sign, standard, mark
if
seu; seu ... seu; = sīve
whether; whether ... or
servus -ī m.
slave
servō -āre
save, watch over
serviō -īre
be a slave, serve (+ dat.)
sermō -ōnis m.
conversation, discourse
silva -ae f.
forest, grove
similis -e
like, similar
simul
at the same time
sōlum
only, merely
soleō -ēre -uī -itum
be accustomed
sōl sōlis m.
sun
socius -a -um; socius -ī m
friendly, allied; partner, comrade
sīve; sīve ... sīve = seu
whether; whether ... or
sinus -ūs m.
fold of a garment; lap; bay, gulf
sinō sinere sīvī situm
allow, let go
singulī -ae -a
one each
sine (+ abl.)
without
solvō solvere solvī solūtum
release; set sail
sequor sequī secūtus sum
follow
secundus -a -um
following; favorable
scrībō scrībere scrīpsī scrīptum
write
sciō -īre -īvī/-iī -ītum
know
scīlicet
certainly, of course
scientia -ae f.
knowledge
scelus -eris n.
crime, sin
saxum -ī n.
rock, cliff, crag
satis/sat (adv.)
enough, sufficiently
sapientia -ae f.
wisdom
sēcūrus -a -um
free from care, tranquil; careless
sed
but
sedeō sedēre sēdī sessum
sit
sepulcrum -ī n.
place of burial, tomb, grave
sentiō sentīre sēnsī sēnsum
perceive, feel, hear, see
sententia -ae f.
opinion, judgment
sēnsus -ūs m.
feeling, emotion, sense
senex -is m.
old man, elder; senior, older
senātus -ūs m.
senate
semper
always, ever
semel
once
sēdēs -is f.
seat, abode, habitation
sapiēns -ntis
wise man
supplicium -ī n.
punishment, penalty
suscipiō -cipere -cēpī ceptum
take up
surgō surgere surrēxī surrēctum
rise
suprā
above (adv. and prep. +acc.)
superus -a -um
situated above, upper
supersum -esse -fuī
remain, survive; be superfluous (to)
superō -āre
overcome, surpass, defeat
superī -ōrum m. pl.
those above, i.e. the gods
superbus -a -um
overbearing, proud, haughty
super
over (adv. and prep. +acc.)
sustineō sustinēre sustinuī sustentum
hold up, sustain
suus -a -um
his own, her own, its own
taceō -ēre -uī -itum ; tacitus -a -um
be silent; silent
tardus -a -um
slow, sluggish, lingering
tantus -a -um
so great, so much
tantum / tantummodo
only
tangō tangere tetigī tāctum
touch
tandem
finally
tamquam
so as, just as
tamen
nevertheless, still
tam
so, so much
tālis tāle
such
sūmō sūmere sūmpsī sūmptum
take up
sōlus -a -um
only, alone
spēs speī f.
hope
spērō -āre
to hope
spectō -āre
look at, consider
speciēs -ēī f.
aspect, appearance
spatium -ī n.
space
spargō spargere sparsī sparsum
scatter
sors sortis f.
lot, fate, destiny; oracle
soror -ōris f.
sister
sonō sonāre sonuī sonitum
sound, resound
somnus -ī m.
sleep, slumber; (pl.) dreams
spīritus -ūs m.
breath, life, spirit
statim
immediately
sum esse fuī
be, exist
sui sibi sē/sēsē
him- her- itself, themselves
subitō
suddenly, unexpectedly
subeō -īre -iī -itum
go under; endure
sub
under, close to (+acc. or abl.)
studium -ī n.
eagerness, zeal
studeō -ēre -uī
be eager, be zealous, care for (+ dat.)
stō stāre stetī statum
stand
stella -ae f.
star
statuō -ere -uī -ūtum
set up, determine
reddō -dere -didī -ditum
return, give back
redeō -īre -iī -itum
go back, return
referō referre rettulī relātum
bring back; report
regiō -ōnis f.
boundary, region
rēgius -a -um
kingly, royal
rēgnum -ī n.
kingship, kingdom
regō regere rēxī rēctum
guide, rule
relinquō -linquere -līquī -lictum
abandon
reliquus -a -um
remaining, rest
reor rērī rātus sum
think, imagine, suppose, deem
rēctus -a -um
straight, direct
recipiō -cipere -cēpī -ceptum; sē recipere
take back, receive; betake oneself, go
recēns -ntis
fresh, new
quisquis quidquid
whoever, whichever
quōmodo
in what way, how?
quondam
formerly, once
quoniam
since, seeing that
quoque
also, too
quotiēns
how many times?
rapiō rapere rapuī raptum
seize, tear away
rārus -a -um
wide apart, loose, thin; rare, seldom
ratiō -ōnis f.
method, plan, reason
recēdō -cēdere -cessī -cessum
step back, recoil, recede, withdraw
reperiō -perīre -pperī -pertum
find, find out
quō
for which reason; to or in what place; to what end; for what purpose?
rūs rūris n.
country
sacer sacra sacrum
holy, sacred
sacerdōs -dōtis m./f.
priest, priestess
saeculum -ī n.
generation, age, century
saepe
often
saevus -a -um
fierce, raging, wrathful
salūs -ūtis f.
health, safety
sānctus -a -um
sacred, inviolable
sanguis -inis m.
blood
sānus -a -um
sound, sane
rūrsus
back, again
rumpō rumpere rūpī ruptum
break, rupture
rogō -āre
ask
repetō -petere -petīvī -petītum
demand, exact; revisit; call to mind, recollect; repeat
rēs reī f. (rēs pūblica; rēs familiāris; rēs mīlitāris; rēs novae)
thing (commonwealth; family property, estate; art of war)
respiciō -ere -spēxī -spectum
look back, regard, consider
respondeō -spondēre -spondī -spōnsum
answer
retineō -tinēre -tinuī -tentum
hold back, keep
revertō -vertere -vertī
turn back
revocō -āre
call back, recall
reus -ī m.
defendant
rēx rēgis m.
king
rīdeō -ēre rīsī rīsum
laugh, laugh at
rīpa -ae f.
bank of a river
prīncipium -ī n.
beginning
prīnceps -cipis
first, chief
prīmus -a -um
first
prīmum
at first, firstly
prex precis f.
prayers, entreaties
pretium -ī n.; pretium operae
price, worth, reward; a reward for trouble
premō premere pressī pressum
press, pursue, overwhelm
precor -ārī
pray, invoke
praetor -ōris m.
praetor, one of the chief Roman magistrates
prior prius
earlier, preceding
prīvātus -a -um
personal, private
prohibeō -ēre -uī -itum
restrain, keep away
proficīscor -ficīscī -fectus sum
set forth, go
proelium -ī n.
battle
prōdō prōdere prōdidī prōditum
publish, hand down; give over, betray
procul
at a distance
prōcēdō -cēdere -cessī -cessum
go forth, advance
probō -āre
approve, prove; convince one (dat.) of a thing (acc.)
prō
for, on behalf of, in proportion to (+abl.)
prius or priusquam
before
praetereā
besides, moreover
praeter
by, along, past; besides, except (+ acc.)
praestō -stāre -stitī -stitum
excel, exhibit
posterus -a -um
next, later
posteā
afterwards
post
after (adv. and prep. +acc.)
possum posse potuī
be able
pōscō pōscere popōscī
demand, claim; inquire into
portō -āre
carry a load
porta -ae f.
gate
populus -ī m.
people
postquam
after
potēns potentis
able, powerful
potestās -ātis f.
power
praesidium -ī n.
garrison, protection
praesēns -ntis
present, in person, ready
praemium -ī n.
bounty, reward
praeda -ae f.
booty, prey
praecipiō -cipere -cēpī -ceptum
anticipate, advise, warn
praeceptum -ī n.
rule, precept; command
praebeō -ēre -uī -itum
furnish, supply, render
potis -e
powerful, able
pontus -ī m.
the open sea, the deep
quisque quaeque quidque
each one, everyone
quemadmodum
in what manner, how
que
and (postpositive enclitic)
quattuor
four
quasi
as if
quārē
how? why?
quantus -a -um
(interr.) how great? (rel.) of what size, amount, etc.
quantum (adv.)
how much? how greatly? how much! how greatly! as much as
quandō; sī quandō
when?; since; if ever
queror querī questus sum
complain of, lament
quī quae quod
who, which, what
quia
because
quis quid
who? what? which?
quisquam quicquam/quidquam
any (single) person, anyone at all
quīppe (adv.)
indeed, surely
quīn (adv.)
indeed, in fact; (conjunction) so that ... not (+ subj.) Adverb
quiēscō quiēscere quiēvī quiētum
keep quiet; sleep
quidem
certainly, at least
quīdam quaedam quoddam
a certain one, someone
quīcumque quaecumque quodcumque
who- whatever
quamvīs
however you like; although
quamquam
however, although
quam
how?; (after comparative) than
prōvincia -ae f.
province; official duty
prōtinus
at once, forthwith
prōsum prodesse profuī
be of use, do good, help (+ dat.)
propter
because of (+ acc.)
proprius -a -um
one's own, peculiar
prōpōnō -pōnere -posuī -positum
put forth, propose, present
properō -āre
hasten, speed
prope
near, next; (comp.) propior, (superl.) proximus; (adv.) prope, nearly, almost
prōmittō -mittere -mīsī -missum
send forth, offer
pūblicus -a -um
public, belonging to the state
pudor pudōris m.
sense of shame, modesty, propriety
quālis -e
of what kind? what?
quaerō -rere -sīvī -sītum
seek, inquire
quā
where, how
putō -āre
think, suppose
pulcher -chra -chrum
beautiful
pūgnō -āre
fight
pūgna -ae f.
fist-fight; battle
puer puerī m.
boy; slave
puella -ae f.
girl; girl-friend
onus oneris n.
load, burden
omnis -e
all, every, as a whole
ōlim
formerly, at that time
officium -ī n.
service, duty
offerō offerre obtulī oblātum
present, offer, expose
odium -ī n.
hatred
ōdī ōdisse
hate
oculus -ī m.
eye
occurrō -currere -cucurrī -cursum
run to meet; come into one's mind
occupō -āre
seize, occupy; anticipate, do a thing first (+ infin.)
occīdō -cīdere -cīdī -cīsum
kill, cut down
opera -ae f.
labor, activity, work
oportet -ēre -uit
it is proper, right (+ acc. + infin.)
ōs ōris n.
mouth, face
ōrō -āre
pray
orior orīrī ortus sum
arise, begin
ōrdō -īnis m.
order, rank
orbis -is m.; orbis terrārum
circle; world
ōrātiō -ōnis f.
speech, address
opus operis n.
work
optō -āre
choose, select
ops opis f.
assistance, resources
oppidum -ī n.
town
os ossis n.
bone
ob
against, on account of (+acc)
nōscō nōscere nōvī nōtum
learn, know
nōs nostrum/nostrī nōbīs nōs
we
nōndum
not yet
nōn
not
nōmen -inis n.
name
nōlō nōlle nōluī
be unwilling
noceō nocēre nocuī
harm
nōbilis -e
distinguished, noble; (as subst.) a nobleman or woman
nimius -a -um
too much, excessive
nimis or nimium
excessively
noster nostra nostrum
our
nōtus -a -um
well-known
nūntius -ī m.
messenger; news
nunc
now
numquam
never
numerus -ī m.
number, amount
nūmen -inis n.
divine will, deity
num
interrogative particle implying negative answer
nūllus -a -um
not any, no one
nūdus -a -um
naked, bare
nox noctis f.
night
novus -a -um
new
nihil; nīl
not at all; nothing
pōnō pōnere posuī positum
put, place; put aside
perveniō -venīre -vēnī -ventum
arrive, reach
pertineō -tinēre -tinuī
extend over, reach; refer to, pertain to, be the business of
perpetuus -a -um
unbroken, perpetual
permittō -mittere -mīsī -missum
yield, allow, permit
perīculum -ī n.
danger
pergō pergere perrēxī perrēctum
continue, proceed; awaken
pereō -īre -iī -itum
perish, be lost
perdō -dere -didī -ditum
destroy
per
through (+acc.)
pendō pendere pependī pēnsum
weigh, hang, suspend; pay
pēs pedis m.
foot
petō petere petīvī petītum
seek, aim at
pondus ponderis n.
weight
poēta -ae m.
poet
poena -ae f.
penalty, punishment
plērus plēra plērumque
the greater part, very many, most, the majority
plērumque
generally
plēnus -a -um
full
plēbs plēbis f.
the common people
placeō placēre placuī placitum
please
pius -a -um
dutiful, devoted, just, pious
pietās -tātis f.
sense of duty, devotion, esp. between parents and children
pellō pellere pepulī pulsum
strike, beat, push, drive
pecus -oris n.
cattle, sheep
pars partis f.
part
parō -āre; parātus -a -um
prepare, acquire; ready
pariō parere peperī partum
bring forth, give birth to; accomplish
pāreō pārēre pāruī
obey
parēns -ntis m./f.
parent
parcō parcere pepercī parsum
spare, be sparing of (+ dat.)
pār paris
equal
paene
almost
ōtium -ī n.
leisure
ostendō ostendere ostendī ostentum
show, hold out
parum
too little
parvus -a -um
small
pateō patēre patuī
lie open, extend; be evident or obvious
pecūnia -ae f.
money
pectus -oris n.
chest, breast
peccō -āre
commit a wrong, injure
pāx pācis f.
peace
pauper -eris
poor, lowly
paulō paulum
to only a small extent, slightly, a little
paucī -ae -a
few
patria -ae f.
fatherland, country
patior patī passus sum
permit, endure
pater patris m.
father, ancestor
modo; modo ... modo
just, just now; now ... now, at one moment ... at another, sometimes ... sometimes
mittō mittere mīsī missum
send, let go
miser misera miserum
wretched, pitiable
misceō miscēre miscuī mixtum
mix
mīror mīrārī mīrātus sum
wonder at, marvel at (+ acc.)
mīlle (pl.) mīlia
thousand
modus -ī m.
measure, manner, kind
moenia -ium n. pl.
walls, fortifications
mollis -e
soft, yielding, gentle
moneō monēre monuī monitum
warn, advise
mōns montis m.
mountain
mora -ae f.
delay, hindrance
morbus -ī m.
sickness, disease
morior morī mortuus sum
die
moror morārī morātus sum
delay
mīles -itis m.
soldier
meus -a -um
my
metus -ūs m.
fear, dread
maneō manēre mānsī mānsum
remain
manus -ūs f.
hand; band of men
mare -is n.
sea
marītus -ī m.
husband
māter mātris f.
mother
māteria -ae f.
material, subject matter; timber, lumber
medius -a -um
middle, central
membrum -ī m.
limb, member of the body
meminī meminisse
remember, recollect
memoria -ae f.
recollection, memory
mēns mentis f.
mind
mēnsa -ae f.
table
mereō merēre meruī meritum
deserve, merit; serve as a soldier
metuō metuere metuī
to fear, to dread
malus -a -um
bad, evil
mors mortis f.
death
nāvis -is f.
ship
ne (enclitic)
interrogative particle attached to the emphatic word in a question
nē lest
that not
nec; nec ... nec; â†' neque
nor; neither ... nor; and not
necesse (indecl. adj.)
necessary
necessitās -tātis f.
necessity, need
nefās
impiety, wickedness
negō -āre
deny, refuse
negōtium -ī n.
business
nēmō (gen. nūllīus dat. nūllī, abl. nūllō or nūllā; nūllus -a -um)
no one
nemus nemoris n.
grove, forest
neque; neque ... neque; nec
nor; neither ... nor; and not
nesciō -scīre
not know, be ignorant
nisi/nī
if not, unless
nātus -ī m.
son
nātūra -ae f.
nature
nāscor nāscī nātus sum
be born
mortālis -e
liable to death, mortal
mōs mōris m.
custom, habit; (pl.) character
moveō -ēre mōvī mōtum
move
mox
soon
mulier -eris f.
woman
multitūdō -inis f.
multitude, number
multus -a -um; multō
much, many; by far
mundus -a -um
clean, neat, elegant
mundus -ī m.
world, universe, heavens
mūnus mūneris n.
gift, offering; duty, obligation; (pl.) gladiatorial show
mūrus -ī m.
wall
mūtō -āre
change
nam or namque
for, indeed, really
narrō -āre
relate, recount
niger nigra nigrum
black
mālō mālle māluī
prefer
legō legere lēgī lēctum
gather, choose, read
littera -ae f.
letter, (pl.) literature
lingua -ae f.
tongue; language
līmen līminis n.
threshold
licet licēre licuit licitum est
it is permitted (+ dat. + infin.)
licet
even though
libīdō -inis f.
passion, lust
libet libēre libuit or libitum est
it is pleasing (+ dat. + infin.)
lībertās -ātis f.
freedom
līber lībera līberum ; līberī (m. pl.)
free; freeborn children
liber librī m.
book
lēx lēgis f.
law
levis -e
light, trivial
lītus -oris n.
shore
locus -ī m.; loca (n. pl.)
place; region
male (adv.)
badly
māiōrēs māiōrum m.
ancestors
māgnus -a -um
great
māgnitūdō -inis f.
greatness, size
magister magistrī m.
master, chief
magis
more
maestus -a -um
sad, sorrowful; depressing
lūx lūcis f.
light of day
longē
far, far off
longus -a -um
long, far
loquor loquī locūtus sum
speak, talk
lūmen luminis n.
light
lūna -ae f.
moon
inde
from there, from then
incipiō -cipere -cēpī -ceptum
begin
incidō incidere incidī
fall upon, fall into; happen
in
in, on (+ abl.); into, onto (+ acc)
impōnō -ere -posuī -positum
put in, put on, impose, levy upon
impleō -ēre -plēvī -plētum
fill in, fill up
impetus -ūs m.
attack
imperō -āre
command, control
imperium -ī n.
command, power
imperātor -ōris m.
commander
indicō -āre
point out, show, make known
īnferō īnferre intulī illātum; bellum īnferre
bring upon, against; make war on
īnstituō -stituere -stituī -stitūtum
undertake; equip
inquam inquis, inquit, inquiunt
say (used with direct speech)
iniūria -ae f.:
injustice, wrong, affront
initium -ī n.
beginning
inimīcus -a -um
unfriendly
ingredior -gredī -gressus sum
step in, enter
ingrātus -a -um
unpleasant, disagreeable
ingēns ingentis
huge, enormous
ingenium -ī n.
disposition, ability, talent
īnferus -a -um; īnferior; īnfimus or īmus
low; lower; lowest
imāgō -inis f.
image, form, figure
illūc
to that place
hūmānus -a -um
human
hūc
to this place
hostis -is m./f.
stranger, enemy
hospes hospitis m.
guest, guest-friend; stranger; host
hortor hortārī hortātus sum
urge strongly, advise, exhort
hōra -ae f.
hour
honor -ōris m.
honor, glory; office, post
honestus -a -um
honorable
homō hominis m.
human being
humus -ī f.; humī
ground; on the ground
iaceō iacēre iacuī
lie
iaciō iacere iēcī iactum
throw, hurl
illīc; illinc
at that place, there; from that place
ille illa illud
that
ignis -is m.
fire
igitur
therefore
ideō
for this reason
īdem eadem idem
the same
īctus -ūs m.
blow, stroke
ibi
there
iam
now; already
hodiē
today
īnsula -ae f.
island
legiō -ōnis f.
legion
iuvō iuvāre iūvī iūtum
help, assist; please, delight
iuvenis -is m.
youth
iūstus -a -um
right, just, fair
iūs iūris n.
right, justice, law
iūrō -āre; iūs iūrandum
take an oath, swear; oath
iungō iungere iūnxī iūnctum
join
iugum -ī n.
yoke; ridge, chain of hills
iūdicō -āre
judge, decide
iūdicium -ī n.
judgment, decision, trial
labor -ōris m.
toil, exertion
labōrō -āre
toil, work; be in trouble or distress
lacrima -ae f.
tear
lēgātus -ī m.
lieutenant, envoy
laus laudis f.
praise, glory
laudō -āre
praise
latus -eris n.
side, flank
lātus -a -um
broad, wide
lateō latēre latuī
lie hidden, be hidden
lapis lapidis m.
stone
laetus -a -um
glad, joyful
laedō laedere laesī laesum
injure by striking, hurt
iūdex iūdicis m.
judge, juror
iubeō iubēre iussī iussum
bid, order
intrō -āre
enter
intrā
within (+ acc.)
intersum -esse -fuī; Â interest
to be between, take part in, attend (+dat.); it is in the interest of (+ gen.)
interrogō -āre
put a question to, ask (+ acc.)
interim
meanwhile
interficiō -ficere -fēcī -fectum
kill
inter
between, among; during (+ acc.)
intendō -tendere -tendī -tentum:
stretch out, strain
intellegō -legere -lēxī -lēctum:
understand
integer -gra -grum:
untouched, fresh, complete, whole
inveniō -venīre -vēnī -ventum
find; discover
invidia -ae f.
envy, jealousy, hatred
iterum
again
iter itineris n.
journey, route
item
likewise
itaque
and so, therefore
ita
thus, so
iste ista istud; istīc or istūc; istinc
that, that of yours: adv.; over there; from over there
is ea id
he, she, it
īrāscor īrÄāscī īrātus sum; īrātus -a -um
grow angry; angry
īra irae f.
wrath, anger
ipse ipsa ipsum
him- her- itself
familia -ae f.
household, family
fateor fatērī fassus sum
admit, confess; profess, declare; assent, say yes
fātum -ī n.
fate; death
fax facis f.
torch
famēs -is f.
hunger, famine
fāma -ae f.
rumor, fame
falsus -a -um
deceptive, false
fallō fallere fefellī falsum
deceive
factum -ī n.
deed, accomplishment
faciō facere fēcī factum
do, make
facinus facinoris n.
deed, crime
fēlīciter
luckily
fēlīx -īcis
lucky
fingō fingere fīnxī fīctum
shape; invent
fīlia -ae f.; fīlius -ī m.
daughter; son
fidēs -eī f.
trust, faith
fidēlis -e
faithful
fessus -a -um
weary, tired
ferus -a -um; fera -ae f.
wild, fierce; wild animal
ferrum -ī n.
iron, iron weapon or implement
ferō ferre tulī lātum
bear, carry, endure
ferē
almost
fēmina -ae f.
woman
fīnis -is m.
end, boundary
facilis -e
easy
excipiō -cipere -cēpī -ceptum
take out
ex ē
out of, from (+ abl.)
etiam
also, even
et
and
error -ōris m.
wandering; error, mistake
errō -āre
go astray, wander
ēripiō -ripere -ripuī -reptum
snatch away, rescue, save
ergō
therefore
equus -ī m.
horse
eques -itis m.
horseman, knight
exemplum -ī n.
example, sample, copy
exeō -īre -iī -itum
go forth
faciēs -ēī f.
form, appearance
fābula -ae f.
account, tale, story
extrēmus -a -um
farthest, situated at the end or tip, extreme
exspectō -āre
watch, wait, expect
exsilium -ī n.
exile, banishment
experior -perīrī -pertus sum
try thoroughly, test, experience
exīstimō -āre
think, believe
exigō -igere -ēgī -āctum
drive out; collect
exercitus -ūs m.
army
exerceō -ercēre -ercuī -ercitum
train, exercise, carry on
epistula -ae f.
letter
fīō fierī factus sum
become, happen, be done
hiems hiemis f.
winter
genus generis n.
origin, lineage, kind
gēns gentis f.
family, clan
gaudium -ī n.
delight, joy, pleasure
gaudeō gaudēre gāvīsus sum
rejoice
fore; forem, forēs, foret, forent
futūrum esse; essem, essēs, esset, essen
furor -ōris m.
rage, fury
fūnus fūneris n.
funeral; death; dead body
fundō fundere fūdī fūsum
pour, scatter
fugō -āre
put to flight
fugiō fugere fūgī fugitum
flee, escape
gerō gerere gessī gestum; bellum gerere
bear, manage; wage war
gīgnō gīgnere genuī genitum beget
bear, bring forth
hīc; hinc
here; from here
hic haec hoc
this, these
haud
not
habeō habēre habuī habitum
have, hold
gravis -e
heavy, serious
grātus -a -um
pleasant; grateful
grātia -ae f.
favor, influence, gratitude
gradus -ūs m.
step, pace; grade, rank
glōria -ae f.
glory, fame
gladius -ī m.
sword
fuga -ae f.
flight, route
flamma -ae f.
flame, fire
fors fortis f.
chance
fōrma -ae f.
shape; beauty
for fārī fātus sum
report, say
fōns fontis m.
spring, fountain
foedus -a -um
foul
fluō fluere fluxī fluxum
flow
flūmen -inis n.
stream, river
fluctus -ūs m
flood, billow, surf
flōs flōris m.
flower, bloom
fleō flēre flēvī flētum
weep
forsitan fortasse
perhaps, perchance
fortē
by chance
frūstrā
in vain
fruor fruī frūctus sum
enjoy the produce of, profit by, use (+ abl.)
frūmentum -ī n.
grain
frūctus -ūs m.
fruit, crops; enjoyment, delight
frōns frontis f.
forehead, brow; front
frequēns -ntis
in large numbers, often
frāter frātris m.
brother
frangō frangere frēgī frāctum
break, shatter
forum -ī n.
market-place, forum
fortūna -ae f.
fortune
fortis -e
brave
decus decoris n.
beauty, grace; ornament, glory, honor
dēdūcō -dūcere -dūxī -ductum
launch, lead away
dēfendō -fendere -fendī -fēnsum
defend, ward off
dēferō -ferre -tulī -lātum
carry away, report
decet decēre decuīt
it is right, proper, fitting (+ acc. + infin.)
dēcernō -cernere -crēvī -crētum
determine, decide
decem
ten
dēbeō dēbēre dēbuī dēbitum
owe, be obliged
down from, about, concerning (+ abl.)
damnum -ī n.
damage, injury
deficiō -ficere -fēcī -fectum
fail, give out; revolt from
deinde/dein
then, next
diēs diēī m./f.
day
dīcō dīcere dīxī dictum; causam dīcere; diem dīcere
say; plead a case; appoint a day
dexter -tra -trum; dextera -ae f.
right; right hand
deus -ī m.; dea -ae f.
god; goddess
dēsum -esse -fuī
be lacking
dēsinō -sinere -siī -situm
leave off, cease
dēsīderō -āre
long for, desire greatly
dēserō -ere dēseruī dēsertum
leave, desert, abandon
dēscendō -scendere -scendī -scēnsum
climb down, descend
dēnique
finally
damnō -āre
condemn
custōs custōdis m.
guardian
cursus -ūs m.
course, advance
creō -āre
produce, create; elect, choose
crēdō crēdere crēdidī crēditum
believe
corrumpō -rumpere -rūpī -ruptum
break up, destroy, ruin
corpus corporis n.
body
cornu -ūs n.
horn
cor cordis n.; cordī est
heart; it is pleasing to (+ dat.)
cōpia -ae f.
abundance; (pl.) troops
convīvium -iī n.
banquet, feast
convertō -vertere -vertī -versum
turn about, turn, change
crēscō crēscere crēvī crētum
grow, increase
crīmen -inis n.
verdict, accusation
culpa -ae f.
guilt, fault, blame
currus -ūs m.
chariot
currō currere cucurrī cursum
run
cūrō -āre
watch over, look after, care for (+ acc.)
cūra -ae f.
care, concern
cūr
why?
cupiō -ere -īvī -ītum
desire
cupīdō -inis f.
desire, eagerness, craving
cūnctus -a -um
entire all together
cum
with (prep. + abl.); when, since, although (conjunction + subj.)
dō dare dedī datum
give
eō īre iī/īvī itum
go
dux ducis m./f.
leader, general
dūrus -a -um
hard, tough, harsh
duo duae duo
two
dum
while (+ indic.); until (+ subj.); provided that (+ subj.)
dulcis -e
sweet
dūcō dūcere dūxī ductum; uxōrem dūcere
lead; marry
dubius -a -um; sine dubiō
doubtful; without a doubt, certainly
dubitō -āre
hesitate, doubt
dormiō -īre
sleep
ecce
behold!
ēdīcō -dīcere -dīxī -dictum
declare
ēdō ēdere ēdidī ēditum
put forth, state, explain
eō (adv.)
there, to that place
enim
for, indeed
ēligō ēligere ēlēgī ēlēctum
pick out, select
ēgregius -a -um
distinguished, uncommon
ēgredior ēgredī ēgressus sum
stride out, depart, disembark from (+ abl.)
ego meī mihi mē
I, me
effundō -fundere -fūdī -fūsum
pour out
efficiō -ficere -fēcī -fectum
bring about, complete; render (+ ut + subj.)
ēdūcō -dūcere -dūxī -ductum
lead forth
dōnum -ī n.
gift, present
dōnō -āre
present with a gift (+ acc. of person and abl. of thing)
dōnec
until
diū
for a long time
discō -ere didicī
learn
disciplīna -ae f.
training, instruction; learning, discipline
discēdō -ere -cessī -cessum
go away, depart
dīmittō -mittere -mīsī -missum
send away
dīligō -ligere -lēxī -lēctum
choose, cherish, love
dīgnus -a -um
worthy
dīgnitās -ātis f.
worth, reputation, honor
difficilis -e
not easy, hard, difficult
differō differre distulī dīlātum
scatter; publish, divulge; differ; defer, postpone
dīversus -a -um
different, diverse
dīves dīvitis (poet. dīs dītis)
rich
domus -ūs f.
house, home
dominus -ī m.; domina -ae f.
household master, lord; mistress
dolus -ī m.
artifice, device, trick
dolor -ōris m.
pain, grief
doleō -ēre doluī
feel pain or grief, grieve
doceō -ēre -uī doctum
teach
dīvus -a -um
divine, godlike
dīvitiae -ārum f. pl.
riches, wealth
dīvidō -ere dīvīsī dīvīsum
divide, separate
caveō cavēre cāvī cautum
be on guard, beware
cāsus -ūs m.
a fall; chance, accident
castrum -ī n.; castra
fortress (regularly plural); camp
cārus -a -um
dear
carmen -inis n.
song
careō -ēre -uī
lack (+ abl.)
caput capitis n.
head
capiō capere cēpī captum
seize
canō canere cecinī cantum
sing
causa -ae f.; causā + preceding genitive
cause, reason; for the sake of
cēdō cēdere cessī cessum
go, move; yield
celebrō -āre
frequent, throng, crowd
cēterum
for the rest, in addition, however, that may be
certus -a -um
sure, fixed
certō -āre
decide by contest; fight, compete, vie
certē
certainly, surely
cernō cernere crēvī crētum
discern, separate
centum
one hundred
cēnseō cēnsēre cēnsuī cēnsum
assess, rate; think, decide
celeriter
quickly
celer -is -e
swift
cēterus -a -um
the others, the rest
canis -is m./f.
dog
candidus -a -um
white, fair
bene
white
bellum -ī n.
war
beātus -a -um
happy, blessed, prosperous, fortunate
barbarus -ī m.
foreigner, barbarian
auxilium -ī n.
support, assistance; (pl.) auxiliary forces
autem
moreover, but, however
aut
or
aurum -ī n.
gold
auris -is f.
ear
beneficium -ī n.
service, kindness
bonus -a -um
good
bōs bovis m.; gen. pl. boum
ox
campus -ī m.
plain, field
caelum -ī n.
sky, heavens
caelestis -e; caelestēs
from or of heaven; the gods
caedō caedere cecīdī caesum
strike, kill, cut down
caedēs -is f.
killing, slaughter
caecus -a -um
blind, unseeing; dark, obscure
cadō cadere cecidī cāsum
fall, be killed
breviter
briefly
brevis -e
short, shallow, brief
castus -a -um
pure, spotless, chaste
cibus -ī m.
food
conveniō -venīre -vēnī -ventum
assemble, meet; agree
cōnsequor -sequī -secūtus sum
follow up, overtake, attain
cōnor cōnārī cōnātus sum
try, attempt
coniunx coniugis m./f.
spouse, husband, wife
cōnfiteor cōnfitērī cōnfessus sum
admit (a fact), confess (a crime); reveal, disclose
cōnficiō -ficere -fēcī -fectum
complete, accomplish; destroy, kill, consume
cōnferō cōnferre contulī collātum
collect, bring to
condō -dere -didī -ditum
build, found; store up; hide, conceal
condīciō -ōnis f.
agreement, condition
concēdō -cēdere -cessī -cessum
yield, withdraw
cōnsilium -ī n.
plan; council, group of advisors
cōnsistō -sistere -stitī
take position; consist in, be composed of
cōnstituō -stituere -stituī -stitūtum
establish, put together
contrā
against, opposite (adv. and prep. +acc.)
contingō -tingere -tigī -tactum
touch, be contiguous to
contineō -tinēre -tinuī -tentum
contain, restrain
contemnō -temnere -tempsī -temptum
despise, scorn, disdain
cōnsūmō -sūmere -sūmpsī -sūmptum
to use up, consume
cōnsulō -sulere -suluī -sultum
consult, plan (+ acc.); consider the interests of (+dat)
cōnsul -ulis m.
consul
cōnsuētūdo -inis f.
custom, habit
cōnstō -stāre -stitī
agree; constat, it is established that (+ acc. and infin.)
compōnō -pōnere posuī positum
build, construct, arrange
comparō -āre
get ready, provide; compare
claudō claudere clausī clausum
close, shut
classis -is f.
class, division, fleet
clārus -a -um
clear, distinguished
clāmor -ōris m.
outcry, shout
cīvitās -ātis f.
citizenship, state
cīvis -is m./f.
citizen
citus -a -um; citō
swift; swiftly
circā
around (adv. and prep. +acc.)
cinis cineris m./f.
ashes, embers
cingō cingere cīnxī cīnctum
encircle, surround, gird
coepī coepisse coeptus
begin
cōgitō -āre
think, reflect
commūnis -e
common, general
committō -mittere -mīsī -missum
join, entrust to (+ dat.); perform, do
comes comitis m./f.
companion, comrade; attendant, follower
coma -ae f.
hair, tresses
color -ōris m.
color
colō colere coluī cultum
inhabit, cultivate
colligō -ere -lēgī -lēctum
gather together, collect
cohors cohortis f.
cohort, band, troop
cōgō cōgere coēgī coāctum
drive together; compel
cōgnōscō -gnōscere -gnōvī -gnitum
learn, understand
afferō afferre attulī allātum
bring to
albus -a -um
white
aevum -i n.
eternity; lifetime, age
aethēr aetheris n.
pure upper air, ether, heaven, sky
aeternus -a -um
everlasting, eternal
aetās -tātis f.
age, time of life
aes aeris n.
copper, bronze
āēr āeris m.
air
aequus -a -um
equal
aequor aequoris n.
level surface, sea, plain
afficiō -ficere -fēcī -fectum
affect, visit with (+ abl.)
ager agrī m.
field
agitō -āre
drive
alō alere aluī alitum
nourish
aliter
otherwise, differently
aliquis -quae -quod; si quis, si quid
some, any; anyone who, anything that
aliquandō
at some time, at length
aliēnus -a -um
foreign, strange
alius -a -ud; ālias
other, another; at another time
aiō; ut āiunt
say, affirm, say yes; as they say
agō agere ēgī āctum
drive, do, act
āgmen -minis n.
line of march
alter altera alterum
other of two
aequē
equally
addō -dere -didī -ditum
give to
ad
to, up to, towards (+acc.)
aciēs -ēī f.
edge; line of battle
ācer ācris ācre
sharp, piercing
accipiō -cipere -cēpī -ceptum
receive
accidō -cidere -cidī
fall; happen
accēdō -cēdere -cessī -cessum
approach
ac; simul ac; â†' atque
and also, and (after comparatives) than; as soon as; and in addition
absum abesse āfuī
be away, absent
abeō -īre -iī -itum
go away
addūcō -ere -dūxī -ductum
lead to, induce
adeō (adv.)
to such a degree, so
aegrē
with difficulty
aeger aegra aegrum
sick
aedēs -is f.
building; (pl.) house
advertō -vertere -vertī -versum
turn towards
adversus (-um) (adv. and prep.)
facing, opposite, against, opposed (to)
adversus -a -um
facing, opposed; unfavorable
adveniō -īre -vēnī -ventum
come to, arrive at
adhūc
thus far, to this point
adhibeō -hibēre -hibuī -hibitum
apply
adeō -īre -iī -itum
go to
antīquus -a -um
ancient, old-time, former
ā ab abs
from, by (+abl.)
astrum -ī n.
star; constellation
adsum adesse affuī
be present
aspiciō -ere -spēxī -spectum
look to or at, behold
ascendō -ere -scendī -scēnsum
climb up, ascend
arx arcis f.
citadel, castle; summit
arvum -ī n.
ploughed land, field
ars artis f.
skill
arma -ōrum n. pl.
arms, weapons
argentum -Ä« n. silver
money
at but
but yet
atque; simul atque; â†' ac
and also, and (after comparatives) than; as soon as; and in addition
auctor -ōris m.
originator, founder
aureus -a -um
golden; splendid
aura -ae f.
breeze
avis -is f.
bird
augeō augēre auxī auctum
increase
auferō auferre abstulī ablātum
take away
audiō -īre -īvī/-iī -ītum
hear, listen to
audeō audēre ausus sum
dare, be eager
audāx audācis
bold, daring; reckless
auctōritās -ātis f.
influence, clout, authority
ārdeō ārdēre ārsī ārsum
blaze, glow; be eager
arbor arboris f.
tree
arbitror arbitrārī arbitrātus sum
consider, think
anima -ae f.
breath, spirit
an; utrum ... an
or (in questions); whether ... or
amplus -a -um
large, spacious
amor -ōris m.
love
amnis -is m.
river, torrent
āmittō -mittere -mīsī -missum
let go, send away
amīcus -a -um
friendly; (as subst.) friend
amīcitia -ae f.
friendship
amō -āre; amāns -ntis m./f.:
to love; lover
animal -ālis n.
a living being, an animal
animus -ī m.
spirit, mind
annus -ī m.
year
āra -ae f.
altar
aqua -ae f.
water
apud
near, in the presence of (+acc.)
aptus -a -um
fit, suitable
appellō -pellāre
call, address, name
appāreō -ēre -uī
appear, become visible
aperiō aperīre aperuī apertum
open
antequam
before
ante
before, in front of (adv. and prep. + acc.)
altus -a -um
high, lofty; deep