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58 terms

Elements of Poetry

STUDY
PLAY
PERSONA
Personality of the poet and the poem
Speaker
The Voice and consciousness inside the poem, who may, or may not, be the poet
Internal Trigger
a reality of thought or emotion inside the poet that helps produce or explain the poem
External Trigger
represents some outside event that may have occured to produce the poem
Tone
Attitude and perspective poet holds toward the subject
ONTOLOGY
Nature and pattern of the poem
Kinds of poems
Epic
Narratice
Lyric
Epic
a great poem of nations, cultures, and heroes
Narrative
poetry that tells a story
Lyric
Poems that are usually short to moderate in length and reveal a poet's perspective on a narrow subject or theme.
Contract
Closed Form
Blank Verse
Rhymed Free
Free Verse
Eclectic
Closed Form
Poetry that contains a clear pattern of rhyming and merer (timing)
Blank Verse
Poetry that has a clear pattern of meter (timing), but without a pattern of rhyming.
Rhymed Free
Poetry that shows a pattern of rhyming, but without a clear pattern of meter
Free Verse
Poetry that is without a pattern of rhyming or meter.
Eclectic
Can be found in long poems whose length allows the poet at various points to employ any number of the standard contracts.
Form
Haiku
Sonnet
Ballad
Haiku
A Japanese poem formed with three lines and secenteen syllables (5-7-5)
Sonnet
A formal poem of fourteen lines, composed in a strict closed form, usually employing lines of ten syllables
*English and Italian forms
~English Version ends with a rhymed couplet
Ballad
A lyric poem with the sound of a song. Generally have a narrative strain and have lines with alrernating rhymes and sound like songs.
Language of Image/ Idea
Image-based poem
Idea-based
Metaphorical language
Image-based poem
A poem that communicates its message through the used of imagery, language dedicated to the senses, with ideas dependent upon the images.
Idea-based poem
A poem that communicates ideas largely through the language of abstraction, language directer toward the logical rather than the sensual.
Metaphorical language
Combines a concrete image in abstract relationship to the original.
Language of Conversion
Presents speech patterns as germane to the poem.
Language of Composition
Presents written patterns as germane to the poem.
Stanza
A section of a poem that is largely the equivalent fot the poetic paragraph.
Refrain
A phrase, linem or stanza within a poem that is regularly repeated.
Quatrain
A four-line stanza of a poem, usually closed in form.
Couplet
A pair of lines with matching meter and rhymes.
EXPLICATION
Theme and meaning within the poem
Theme
The central insight of the work; centeral perception about the life of man or his environment. This is the poet's centeral observation.
Title
Often the title of a work will provide meaningful insight into the poem.
Denotation
The meaning attached to a word by the dictionary.
Connotation
The meaning attached to a word by the culture.
Tension
The conceptual disparity the poet communicates between the real and the ideal.
Ambiguity
Variations in meaning within a poem, any or all of which have reason for validity.
METAPHOR
Figures of speech, comparisons, and non-liberal language.
Metaphor
Any basic comparison between two generally unlike things.
Simile
A common type of metaphor that uses direct comparison words.
Personification
Attributing human qualities and/or human characteristics to non-human entities.
Oxymoron
Juxtapoding two unlike, usually contasting words for effect.
Symbol
When concrete objects take on abstract value
Allusion
A reference to other literature or history
(The Bible, Shakespeare, and Mythology are special sources of allusion in the Western world)
Hyperbole
Purposeful, non-literal, overstatement.
SOUND
Language techniques which apeal to the ear
Alliteratione
repitition of consonant sounds at the beginning of words that are neatby one another.
Consonace
Repetition of consonant sounds at the end of the words that are nearby one another.
Assonance
Repetition of vowel sounds within words that are nearby one another.
Rhyme
the matching of sounds at the ends of words
Masculine Rhymes
Rhymes that represent sound matches over one syllable only.
Feminie Rhymes
Rhymes that represent sound matchers over two or more syllables.
Rhyme Scheme
A lettered pattern that represents the rhymes in poems at the end of lines.
End Rhyme
Rhymes that occur at the end of poetic lines.
Internal Rhymes
Rhymes that occur within lines.
Slant Rhymes
Rhymes that are end of the line consonance, that is, rhyme in the consonant sound only.
Onomatopeia
Words whose sounds is in keeping with their meanings.
Meter
The pattern of stressed and unstressed syllables in a line of English. Formal meter is based upon the repitition of feet within lines.