Elements of Poetry
Personality of the poet and the poem
The Voice and consciousness inside the poem, who may, or may not, be the poet
a reality of thought or emotion inside the poet that helps produce or explain the poem
represents some outside event that may have occured to produce the poem
Attitude and perspective poet holds toward the subject
Nature and pattern of the poem
Kinds of poems
a great poem of nations, cultures, and heroes
poetry that tells a story
Poems that are usually short to moderate in length and reveal a poet's perspective on a narrow subject or theme.
Poetry that contains a clear pattern of rhyming and merer (timing)
Poetry that has a clear pattern of meter (timing), but without a pattern of rhyming.
Poetry that shows a pattern of rhyming, but without a clear pattern of meter
Poetry that is without a pattern of rhyming or meter.
Can be found in long poems whose length allows the poet at various points to employ any number of the standard contracts.
A Japanese poem formed with three lines and secenteen syllables (5-7-5)
A formal poem of fourteen lines, composed in a strict closed form, usually employing lines of ten syllables
*English and Italian forms
~English Version ends with a rhymed couplet
A lyric poem with the sound of a song. Generally have a narrative strain and have lines with alrernating rhymes and sound like songs.
Language of Image/ Idea
A poem that communicates its message through the used of imagery, language dedicated to the senses, with ideas dependent upon the images.
A poem that communicates ideas largely through the language of abstraction, language directer toward the logical rather than the sensual.
Combines a concrete image in abstract relationship to the original.
Language of Conversion
Presents speech patterns as germane to the poem.
Language of Composition
Presents written patterns as germane to the poem.
A section of a poem that is largely the equivalent fot the poetic paragraph.
A phrase, linem or stanza within a poem that is regularly repeated.
A four-line stanza of a poem, usually closed in form.
A pair of lines with matching meter and rhymes.
Theme and meaning within the poem
The central insight of the work; centeral perception about the life of man or his environment. This is the poet's centeral observation.
Often the title of a work will provide meaningful insight into the poem.
The meaning attached to a word by the dictionary.
The meaning attached to a word by the culture.
The conceptual disparity the poet communicates between the real and the ideal.
Variations in meaning within a poem, any or all of which have reason for validity.
Figures of speech, comparisons, and non-liberal language.
Any basic comparison between two generally unlike things.
A common type of metaphor that uses direct comparison words.
Attributing human qualities and/or human characteristics to non-human entities.
Juxtapoding two unlike, usually contasting words for effect.
When concrete objects take on abstract value
A reference to other literature or history
(The Bible, Shakespeare, and Mythology are special sources of allusion in the Western world)
Purposeful, non-literal, overstatement.
Language techniques which apeal to the ear
repitition of consonant sounds at the beginning of words that are neatby one another.
Repetition of consonant sounds at the end of the words that are nearby one another.
Repetition of vowel sounds within words that are nearby one another.
the matching of sounds at the ends of words
Rhymes that represent sound matches over one syllable only.
Rhymes that represent sound matchers over two or more syllables.
A lettered pattern that represents the rhymes in poems at the end of lines.
Rhymes that occur at the end of poetic lines.
Rhymes that occur within lines.
Rhymes that are end of the line consonance, that is, rhyme in the consonant sound only.
Words whose sounds is in keeping with their meanings.
The pattern of stressed and unstressed syllables in a line of English. Formal meter is based upon the repitition of feet within lines.