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44 terms

Organic Chemistry: Mr. Baldridge

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Alkanes
single covalently bonded carbon and hydrogens
CnH2n+2
alkanes
meth
1 (gas)
eth
2 (gas)
prop
3 (liquid or gas)
but
4 (liquid)
pent
5 (liquid)
hex
6 (liquid)
hept
7 (liquid)
oct
8 (liquid)
non
9 (liquid)
dec
10 (liquid)
alkenes
double covalent bond between two carbons
CnH2n
alkenes
alkynes
triple covalent bonds
alkanes
end in -ane
alkenes
end in -ene
alkynes
end in -yne
isomers
branched hydrocarbons
hydrocarbons
organic molecules that are composed of only carbon and hydrogen, contain at least two elements, covalently bonded
saturated polymers
a material composed of macromolecules within which all carbon-carbon bonds are single
unsaturated polymers
a material composed of macromolecules within which there are double or triple bonds in the molecular chain.
substituted hydrocarbons
one or more hydrogens replaced by other elements
alchohols
ends in -anol
alchohols
have OH
organic acids
taking alchohol, adding a carboxyl
carboxyl
COOH
organic acids
end in -anoic acid
esterication
combined an organic acid with an alchohol forming an ester
tetrahedral
4 bonding partners, 109.50 bond angle
trigonal
3 bonding partners, 120 bond angle
linear
2 bonding partners
linear
2 bonding partners, 180 bond angle
linear
180 bond angle
tetrahedral
4 bonding partners
tetrahedral
109.50 bond angle
trigonal
3 bonding partners
trigonal
120 bond angle
halogen derivitive
substitute one or more of the hydrogens with a halogen (F, Cl, Br, I, At)
cyclo
circle
alkenes
-ene
ketone
double oxygens,
contains an internal C=O group
isomers
end in -yl
ketone
ends in -one