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AP Human Geo- Religion

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Atheist
someone who denies the existence of god
religion
a personal or institutionalized system of worship and of faith in a sacred and divine
fundamentalism
the interpretation of every word in the sacred texts as literal truth; strict adherence to basic principles of a religion
judaism
a monotheistic, ethnic religion first developed among the hebrew people of the ancient near east; its determining conditions include descent from israel, the torah and tradition
christianity
a monotheistic, universalizing religion based on the teachings of jesus and of the bible
islam
monotheistic, universalizing religion that includes belief in Allah as the sole deity and in Mohammed as his prophet
Buddhism
teachings of Siddhartha Gautama that life is permeated with suffering caused by desire, that suffering ceases when desire ceases, and that enlightenment obtained through right. Practiced in east asia
Animism
doctrine that all natural objects and the universe itself have souls
contact conversion
the spread of religious beliefs by personal contact; form of contagious diffusion
adaptive strategy
unique way in which each culture uses its particular physical environment; those aspects of culture that serve to provide the necessities of life
ecotheology
study of the interrelationship between religion and nature
teleology
belief system of evidence of purpose or design in the universe
pilgrimages
a journey to a holy site
sacred spaces
an area recognized by individuals or groups as worthy of special attention as a site of special religious experiences or events
confucianism
a chinese value system and ethnic religion emphasizing ethics, and social morality, tradition and ancestor worship
ethnic religion
religion that is identified with a particular ethnic or tribal group and that does not seek new converts
monotheism
belief in one god
polytheism
belief in many gods
proselytic religion
religion that actively seeks new members and aims to convert all of mankind
secularism
a doctrine that rejects religion; indifference to or rejection of organized religious affiliations and ideas
shintoism
indigenous beliefs and religious practices of japan. has no founder, scripture or creed. polytheistic and animistic with beliefs in ancient gods.
sikhism
monotheistic religion founded in the 1500a in India b Guru Nanak Dev. 5th largest religion
Taoism
based on the teachings of Lao-tzu in 500 BCE. blends spiritual harmony with confucianism's social duty
Bahia
monotheistic religion founded in 1860's persia by Bahallah
Sunni/Shia
two main sects within Islam
Universalizing Religion
religion that attempts to be global, to appeal to all people, wherever they may live int he world, not just to those of one culture or location
interfaith boundaries
boundary between faiths
intrafaith boundaries
boundary within faiths
diaspora
the dispersion of jews around the world beginning in 70 AD
theocracy
form of government in which god or a deity is recognized as the supreme civil ruler, the God's or diety laws being interpreted by the ecclesiastical authorities.
syncretic religions
religion that combines elements of two or more different belief systems
orthodox religions
religions that emphasize purity of faith and are not open to blending with elements or other belief systems