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Spanish 1 Semester Notes
Terms in this set (53)
What are the mountain ranges of Mexico?
Sierra Madre Occidental, Sierra Madre Oriental
This country shares the Iberian Peninsula with Spain and is located on its western border. What is the country? What is its capital? What language is spoken there?
Portugal, Lisbon, Portugese
In what country is the city of Veracruz? On what body of water is it located?
Mexico, Gulf of Mexico
Some of our states have Spanish names meaning colored, flowery, mountain, and snow-covered. What are they?
Colorado, Florida, Montana, Nevada
In Mexico, it is traditional to be serenaded with the song "Las Mañanitas." What event is being celebrated?
Spain and France share a border. They are separated by a mountain range. What is the name of this mountain range?
Tierra del Fuego is at the southern tip of South America. It is separated from the mainland by the Strait of Magellan (el Estrecho de Magallanes), which is 563 kilometers long. What two bodies of water does the Strait of Magellan connect? Tierra del Fuego is part of what two countries?
Pacific and Atlantic Oceans, Chile and Argentina
What are the two landlocked South American countries?
Bolivia and Paraguay
This island lies 1600 km southeast of Florida. In 1493, Christopher Columbus named it "San Juan Bautista." The original name of its largest city was Spanish for "rich port." Eventually, the two names switched. What is the name of this Carribean Island today? What is the name of its capital?
Puerto Rico, San Juan
In 1519, this Spanish explorer arrived at Tenochtitlan, capital of the Aztec empire. Within two years, he defeated the Aztecs and established Spanish rule in Mexico. Who is this conquistador?
Spanish is called a romance language. So are French, Italian, Portugese and Romanian. Romance languages come from what other language? Why are they called that?
Latin, the language of the Roman empire
This Bolivian teacher gained fame in the US for his success in teaching advanced mathematics in the East LA barrio. Stand and Deliver, a film starring Edward James Olmos, tells his story. Who is this teacher?
About 70 km southeast of Mexico City, you will find Popocatepetl and Iztaccihuatl. The former smokes, the latter does not. What are Popocatepetl and Iztaccihuatl?
What country has two capitals? What are they?
Bolivia, La Paz and Sucre
In this South American country, much of the indigenous population speaks the Quechua language. What is this country?
This Spanish painter blended reality and fantasy in bizarre and compelling works of art. "La Persistencia de la Memoria" is one of his most famous works. Who is he?
The Balearic Islands are a major Spanish resort area east of the mainland. The three best known of the islands are Mallorca, Menorca, and Ibiza. In what body of water will you find these beautiful islands?
The Mediterranean Sea
These islands off the coast of Africa have belonged to Spain since 1479. The largest of them is Tenerife. A type of popular household pet was found there and named after the islands. What is the name of these Spanish islands?
Canary Islands (canine)
The musical world lost a great talent when this popular young Mexican American singer from Texas was killed by a fan in 1995. Who was this recording artist?
The beauty and historical importance of the ancient Mayan ruins of Copan caused them to be declared an UNESCO world heritage site in 1980. In what country are these ruins located? For what does the acronym UNESCO stand?
Honduras, United Nations Education Scientific and Cultural Organization
The ancient Popol Vuh chronicles the history of a pre-Colombian civilization that was at its height from 300 to 900 A.D. The Popol Vuh tells the story of what people?
The national drink of this South American country is called mate. It is brewed from the dried leaves of a type of holly and drunk through a straw from a beautifully carved and decorated gourd. Of what country is mate the national drink?
Who painted Guernica?
This river is 6437 kilometers long and at some points as much as ten kilometers wide. It begins high in the Andes of Peru. Before it empties into the Atlantic Ocean in northern Brazil, over 200 rivers flow into it. What river is this? Which rivers, if any, are longer?
Amazon River, Nile River
This talented Puerto Rican actor may be best known for his role in the popular movies about the Addams Family. He won an Emmy for his portrayal of rain forest activist Chico Mendes. Who is this fine actor?
What is the largest Carribean Island? What is its capital?
This is the smallest republic in Central America and the most densely populated. It is the only country in the region that does not border the Carribean Sea. What country is this?
This Mexican president was a Zapotec Indian. He achieved land reform and the separation of church and state and is called the Abraham Lincoln of Mexico. Who was this great leader?
These cities are capitals of which South American countries respectively?
This country has the highest standard of living in Central America and is known as the region's most stable democracy. It is famous for its ecological policies and large number of national parks. What is this country?
The most famous and beautiful of Spain's many parks is in its capital city. The park dates back to 1630. Today it serves millions of madrileños who go there to stroll, picnic and row on the beautiful lake. What is the name of this park? In what city is it found? What is a madrileño?
El Buen Retiro, Madrid, a person from Madrid
This island was ceded by Spain to the US after the Spanish-American war. It is currently a US commonwealth.
What country borders Mexico to the north? What countries border Mexico to the south?
US, Guatemala and Belize
The Mayan culture was at its peak from A.D. 300-900. This brilliant civilization was the first to use the concept of zero and had a writing system of more than 800 symbols. Name 3 out of the 5 countries in which the Mayan civilization thrived.
Mexico, Honduras, Guatemala, Nicaragua, El Salvador
What is the highest capital city in the world?
La Paz, Bolivia
El Yunque is the only rain forest that is part of the US National Park Service. Where would you go to visit El Yunque?
Who were the Indian people whose capital city was Cusco? By what Spanish conquistador were they conquered in 1532?
Incas, Francisco Pizarro
At 979 meters, Angel Falls is the highest waterfall in the world. It was named for the American pilot, Jimmy Angel, who first saw it in 1985. In what country are these falls located?
This Spaniard explored Central America, was a leader with Pizarro when he conquered the Incas, and was appointed governor of Cuba by the King of Spain. Who was this Spanish explorer? In May of 1541 he became the first European to see what major river?
Hernando de Soto, Mississippi River
There are more than 200 waterfalls of South America's Rio Parana. The most magnificent, at 72 meters high and 3 km wide, are on the border between Argentina and Brazil. What is the name of these falls?
One South American country is famous for its cowboys just as the US is. In this country, the cowboys are called gauchos, and the plains over which they rule are called Las Pampas. What is this country?
You are in Spain on New Year's Eve. It is customary to eat 12 of these as the clock strikes midnight. What are you eating?
In 1540, this Spanish explorer traveled northward from Mexico in search of the legendary golden Seven Cities of Cibola. He failed in that, but he and his men became the first Europeans to see Arizona, New Mexico, Texas, Oklahoma and Kansas. Who was this famous explorer?
Fernando Vasquez de Coronado
There are three vertical bands of color on the Mexican flag. What do they represent?
On September 29, 1513, this Spanish explorer, guided by local Indians, waded into the Pacific Ocean and claimed all the land touching its eastern coast for Spain. Who was this first European to see the Pacific Ocean?
Vasco Nuñez de Balboa
This Central American republic is about the size of Louisiana and has coasts on both the Pacific Ocean and the Carribean Sea. It has historically had the poorest economy in Central America. What is the name of this country?
Guarani is, along with Spanish, one of this country's two official languages. The country's currency is also called the Guarani. What country is this? Where does the word Guarani come from?
Paraguay, the native people are called Guarani Indians
Lying in the Pyrenees Mountains is one of the smallest countries in the world. It is governed jointly by France and Spain. What is the name of this country?
This is the deepest and 2nd largest lake in South America. It is the highest navigable lake in the world. What is the name of this lake? What two countries border on it?
Lake Titicaca, Peru and Bolivia
This novel was published in two parts in 1605 and 1615. In it, the hero imagines himself a knight in shining armor. He attacks windmills that he thinks are giants and flocks of sheep he mistakes for an army. Who wrote this literary masterpiece? What is its name? In the book, who is the knight's faithful companion?
Miguel Cervantes, Don Quixote, Sancho Panza
This city in northern Spain is famous for la Fiesta de San Fermín and the running of the bulls. What city is this? On what date is this fiesta celebrated?
Pamplona, July 7
Match these countries with their monetary units.
Costa Rica, El Salvador, Nicaragua, Panama, Venezuela
Costa Rica, colon
El Salvador, colon