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Chapter 21 to 24 Anthropology
Terms in this set (33)
animism; polytheism; monotheism; decline
Edward Tylor theorized that religion began as human attempts to explain things they don't understand and there are four stages:
belief that living things have souls especially nature's physical features like lake, forest.
belief that multiple deities that control nature and can impact human actions on earth and even in the afterlife
worship of one supreme all-powerful deity with or without intermediaries
Tylor postulated that as science began to explain natural events, religion will begin to decline which is ____ due to the fact that different religions have even used technology to expand both their membership and activities.
uses indirect contacts like images of people
uses direct concats to harm people
actively seeking new members to convert like Christianity or Islam
proselytic but not highly
aesthetic; nurture; nature
a sense of appreciation of beauty for arts is ____ and it is based on what you like so 90% _____ and 10% _____.
Just like sacred and profane in religion, artists and art scholars distinguish between the ____ and the ____.
Many western art and music like those of Michelangelo were inspired by ___ or done in the service of religion.
Sandra Trehub speculates that music may have started as ____ song by mothers for their babies as an evolutionary trend.
Folk music started in ____ as the music of the ordinary people. Illiterate peasants passed on stories and legends of rural life through songs at they were unable to publish books in urban society.
Anthropologist W. Arens noted that ____ is peculiarly a popular US pastime.
core; semiperiphery; periphery
Immanuel Wallenstein had made divisions of the global economy and society into three main categories that are: ____, _____, and ____.
united states; european union; japan
Core- most powerful nations with mechanized production and export of goods and services to other countries
-____ ___, ___ ____, and _____
brazil; india; china
Semiperiphery- exports raw materials and finished products to the core and periphery
- ____, _____, and _____
Iran; columbia; nigeria
Periphery- exports mainly cheap unskilled labor and raw materials to core and semipheriphery
- ____, _____, and _____
standard; wages; crimes; unsanitary; pollution
The social and economic effects of early industrial revolution were mixed as the English national income grew over 30 times by 1900
1. ____ of living improved
2. ____ improved initially for factory workers
1. Social ills like ___ worsened
2. Overcrowding in cities created ______ conditions
3. ____ from industrial waste led to disease and high death rates
Karl Mar said there are two levels of industrial revolution:
these were wealthy owners of factories, mines, and large farms as well as other means of product
consisted of the working poor who had to sell their labor to survive especially with the collapse of subsistence system on which they depended
Gehard Lenski argued that the stratification system is now more complex with not just and upper and lower class but also a ____ ____.
the political, economic, and social domination of a territory and its people by a foreign power
places more emphasis on economic exploitation
caused by human actions not due to increased solar radiation
The natural process that keeps the Earth's surface warm; gases include water vapor, carbon dioxide, methane, nitrous oxide and ozone
number one cause of climate change
the ozone layer shields the earth from the direct rays of the sun; chemicals used in refrigeration and air conditioning create holes in the ozone layer leaving humans and vegetation vulnerable to radiation from the sun
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