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Boast (as in Beowulf)

Boast about what they would do in battle - that psyched him up for the contest and guaranteed that he would not lose is nerve.

Bubonic Plague


Comedies, tragedies, and histories (types of plays written by Shakespeare)


Comedy (Medieval definition)



literary work by Boccaccio which was composed of 100 vulgar tales told by three men and seven women in a country retreat from the plague that ravaged Florence in 1348; both a stringing social commentary (sexual/economic misconduct) and a sympathetic look at human behavior

Divine Justice



a story telling comic incidents of ordinary life usually with blunt realism and earthy humor


political system based on bonds of loyalty between lords and vassals

Folk epic

about an ethnic hero. lacks organization its plot is eposodic and undefined.

Guelphs and Ghibilines (Dante)


Harrowing of hell (Dante)


Heroic Age

In the early Middle Ages, non-church literature tended to be about figures such as Beowulf, Siegfried, and Roland. 476-1300 AD after the fall of the Roman Empire

High Middle Ages

the period from 1000 to 1300 in which the church had a key role shaping the new world


a philosophy in which interests and values of human beings are of primary importance

Johannes Gutenberg (movable type)

Invented the printing press

Liturgical drama or Trope (type of play)




Medieval romances


Medieval sermon


Morality Play

a type of allegorical drama (fifteenth century) making a moral or religious point.

Mystery Play

a type of religious drama in the MIddle Ages based on stories from the Bible


a long work of fiction







Protestant Reformation






Roman Catholicism



a verse form consisting of 14 lines with a fixed rhyme scheme

The Globe

Theater that William Shakespeare owned and wrote plays for.

The Theatre

Built by Shakespeare and investors. Could hold several thousand people. Poor stood on ground (1 penny) and wealthy sat in balconies- as much as 3 pennies, or on the stage. Theater- open air, no lighting, trapdoors/rigging. Only male actors. The theater closed at specific intervals due to plague and actually burned and was rebuilt but the Puritans closed it down later. The New Globe is very similar to original.


Anglo-Saxon word for fate The idea that everyone has an appointed time and place to die. This is why they would go into battle with no regard to protecting themselves.

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