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79 terms

the language of medicine ch22

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-amine
nitrogen compound
-dote
to give
-genic
produced by
-in
substance
-phylaxis
protection
-sol
solution
anxi/o
uneasy,anxious,distressed
aut/o
self
hallucin/o
hallucination,to wonder in the mind
hypn/o,-somnia
sleep
iatr/o
treatment
ment/o,thym/o,phren/o,psych/o,-thymia
mind
neur/o
nerve
phil/o,-philia
attraction to,love
schiz/o
split
somat/o
body
-leptic
to seize hold of
-mania
obsessive preoccupation
-phobia
fear
-phoria
feeling,bearing
a-,an-
no,not
cata-
down
hypo-
deficient, less than, below
para-
abnormal
acr/o
a high point
agora-
marketplace
claustr/o
barrier
zo/o
animal
bi
two
pol/o
extreme
hypo-
decrease,under
cycl/o
cycle
DT
delirium tremens
ECT
electroconvulsive therapy
IQ
intelligence quotient
SSRi
selective serotonin reuptake
inhibitor-examples: fluoxetine(prozac), paroxetine(paxil), sertraline(zoloft)
MAOI
monoamine oxidase inhibitor-
examples: moclobemide(aurorix),phenelzine(nordil), selegiline(deprenyl),tranylcypromine(parnate)
klept/o
to steal
pyr/o
fever,fire
ton/o
tension
xen/o
stranger
-form
resembling,in the shape of
-kinesia
movement
-oid
resembling,derived from
-pathy
disease,emotion
amnesia
loss of memory
-tropic
pertaining to stimulating
dys-
bad,painful,difficult,abnormal
eu-
good,normal
anxiety
feelings of apperehension,uneasiness,dread
apathy
absence of emotions;lack of motivation or emotional involvement
compulsion
uncontrollable urge to perform an act repeatedly
conversion
anxiety becomes bodily symptom that has no organic basis
dissociation
uncomfortable feelings are separated form their real object and redirected toward the second object or behavior pattern
delusion
fixed false belief that cannot be changed by logical reasoning or evidence
hallucination
false or unreal sensory perception
mania
state of excessive excitability;agitation
mutism
nonreactive state marked by inability to speak
obsession
persistent idea,emotion or urge
anxiety disorder
troubled feelings,unpleasent tension,distress, and avoidance behavior ;
-phobia
delirium
confusion in thinking with faulty perceptions and irrational behavior
dementia
loss of intellectual abilities with impairment of memory,judgment,and reasoning
dissociative disorder
disturbance of memory and identity that hides the anxiety of unconscious conflicts;
-fugue
eating disorder
bulimia nervosa
mood disorder
an illness marked by prolonged emotions(mania and depression);
-bipolar I and II
personality disorder
a lifelong personality pattern that is inflexible and causes distress,conflict, and impairment of social functioning;
-narcissism
sexual disorder
a disorder involving paraphilias;
-pedophilia
somatoform disorder
a mental disorder in which physical symptoms cannot be explained by anactual physical disorder;
-conversion disorder
substance-related disorder
an illness related to regular use of drugs and alcohol;
-cocaine abuse
schizophrenia
positive and negative symptoms
pervasive developmental disorder
autism
alprazolam (Xanax)
benzodiazepine; treats anxiety and panic attacks
amitriptyline(Elavil)
tricyclic antidepressant;treats depression
aripiprazole(Abilify)
atypical antipsychotic;treats schizophrenia and bipolar disorder
escitalopram(Lexapro)
SSRI; treatsanxiety and depression
lamotrigine(Lamictal)
anticonvulsant;treats mood disorders (bipolar illness)
methylphenidate (Ritalin,concerta)
stimulant;treats attention-deficit hyperactivity disorder
thiothixene(Navane)
phenothiazine;treats schizophrenia
zolpidem(Ambien)
sedative;treats insomnia