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DP (64-65) || Disruption of Attachment
Terms in this set (7)
1930-40s studies of prolonged separation
- Intellectual dev. (-)
Spitz & Wolf (1946)
- Severe depression after few months.
Skelles & Dye (1939)
- Poor on intelligence tests
8 day hospital stay
1. Alternated between calm and distress
2. Reluctantly tries to cope with having to stay
9 days in residential nursery (mother pregnant)
Visited frequently by father
1. Seeks ATTENTION of nurses; cannot compete with more assertive children.
2. Seeks COMFORT in teddy bear; unfulfilled.
3. Ceases eating, playing, cries, gives up seeking attention. (inconsistency in care due to changing shifts).
4. Greets father enthusiastically in 1st week, quiet for 2nd.
5. Reacted angrily to mother upon REUNION, and for months after.
Robertson - application of high emotional care
JANE, LUCY, THOMAS:
placed in Robertsons', several weeks.
AIM: To sustain high level of substitute emo. care + consistency (routine similar to at home).
PROCEDURE: father visits arranged regularly to maintain emo. links.
Kate visited mother in hospital.
FINDINGS: Thomas showed distress; refused cuddles. Generally: slept well, did not reject mother upon reunion + expressed reluctancy to leave foster mum.
Skoda + Skells (1949) PROCEDURE: infants put in home for mentally retarded, control group remained in orphanage.
FINDINGS: 18 months later
Control IQ: 87 -> 61
Transferred IQ: 64 -> 92
Reversing emotional disruption
Emo. ill effects can be reversed with good emo. care.
Bohman (1979) studied 600 adopted children in Sweden.
Age 11, 26% = problem children.
10 years later, no worse than general pop.
Concl: negative effects reversed.
The role of 'triggers'
Negative effects of disruption may only surface if triggered
Bilfulco (1992) women who'd lost mother through separation/death before 17yrs.
2x (+) likely to suffer depressive/anxiety disorders when adult.
Disruption of attachment = vulnerable individual psychology and (+) stressful events = mental disorder.
Nursing Times (1952): 75% child hospitals disallowed daily visiting, 12% prohibited altogether.
Robertson's film elicited outrage from med. professionals.
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