AQA Geography: The Development Gap
AQA geography human paper 2; the development gap. Includes measuring development, global equalities, inequalities in the EU and aid.
Terms in this set (...)
Gross domestic product (GDP)
Total value of goods and services a country provides annually
Gross national product (GNP)
Total value of goods and services people of that nationality produce annually
Number of babies born per thousand of the population per year
Number of deaths per thousand of the population each year
Infant mortality rate
Number of babies under the age of 1 who die per thousand babies born
People per doctor
Average number of people per doctor
Percentage of adults who can read and write
Access to safe water
Percentage of people who can get clean drinking water
Average age a person can expect to live to
Human development index (HDI)
Number calculated using life expectancy, literacy rate and income per head
Development measures only provide averages
Development measures have limitations because...
More economically developed country
Less economically developed country
Newly industrialising country
Former communist country in Eastern Europe
Oil-exporting country in the Middle East
Heavily indebted country in central Africa
North and south divide line
LEDCs and MEDCs are split by the...
Defined by material wealth and income
Standard of living
Defined by standard of living and surrounding environment
Quality of life
How countries differ in development
Poor trade links - social, economic or environmental?
Natural disasters - social, economic or environmental?
Place of women in society - social, economic or environmental?
Lots of debt - social, economic or environmental?
Few raw materials - social, economic or environmental?
Child education - social, economic or environmental?
Get farmers in less developed countries a fixed, fair price for the goods they produce
Groups of countries who agree to reduce import taxes between each other (e.g. NAFTA)
Some or all of a country's debt is cancelled by the donor country
Aid is given directly to the recipient country
Aid is give indirectly through an international organisation that distributes aid
Aid given to help cope with emergencies; impact is immediate but does not affect development
Aid given over time to help recipient country become more developed
Developing in a way that doesn't irreversibly damage the environment or impact badly on future generations
Countries in the centre of trade in the EU (e.g. the UK)
Countries on the edge of EU trade (e.g. former communist countries like Bulgaria)
Common agricultural policy
EU farmers are subsidised to grow certain products; farmers are guaranteed a fair fixed price for produce
URBAN Community Initiative
Money given to EU cities to create jobs, reduce crime and increase green space
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