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18 terms

Chapter 3 Review

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Radical Republicans
Political party that favored harsh punishment of Southern states after civil war
Reconstruction
the period after the Civil War in the United States when the southern states were reorganized and reintegrated into the Union
Reconstruction Acts
1867 - Pushed through congress over Johnson's veto, it gave radical Republicans complete military control over the South and divided the South into five military zones, each headed by a general with absolute power over his district.
William Seward
Secretary of State who was responsible for purchasing Alaskan Territory from Russia. By purchasing Alaska, he expanded the territory of the country at a reasonable price.
Civil Rights Acts
Officially made blacks citizens of the US
Wade-Davis Bill
an 1864 plan for Reconstruction that denied the right to vote or hold office for anyone who had fought for the Confederacy...Lincoln refused to sign this bill thinking it was too harsh.
Thaddeus Stevens
Man behind the 14th Amendment, which ends slavery. Stevens and President Johnson were absolutely opposed to each other. Known as a Radical Republican
Black Codes
Southern laws designed to restrict the rights of the newly freed black slaves
Freedman's Bureau
The bureau's focus was to provide food, medical care, administer justice, manage abandoned and confiscated property, regulate labor, and establish schools.
Thirteenth Amendment
abolished slavery
Fourteenth Amendment
an amendment to the Constitution of the United States adopted in 1868
Fifteenth Amendment
The right of citizens of the United States to vote shall not be denied or abridged by the United States or by any State on account of race, color, or previous condition of servitude.
Military Construction Acts
this law declared that new state governments in the former Confederacy had to be elected by both blacks and whites, reinforcing the 14th amendment in giving African American their full rights.
impeachment
a formal document charging a public official with misconduct in office
Tenure of Office Act
required the president to secure consent of the Senate before removing appointees once they had been approved
Crime of 1873
The Fourth Coinage Act was enacted by the United States Congress in 1873 and embraced the gold standard and de-monetized silver. U.S. set the specie standard in gold and not silver, upsetting miners who referred to it as a crime
Jim Crow Laws
Limited rights of blacks. Literacy tests, grandfather clauses and poll taxes limited black voting rights
Plessy vs. Ferguson
a case that was brought to supreme court by black lawsuits to challenge the legality of segregation. The court ruled that segregation was legal as long as it was "equal"