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thorax and abdomen
Terms in this set (244)
An air-fluid level cannot be seen on which of the positions of a standard abdominal series?
To straighten or stretch out the arm would be to _______ the elbow.
Which set of conditions would allow the diaphragm to descend to its most inferior position?
Patient erect, inspiration
What term is used to describe the back half of the body, a structure or an organ?
Patient preparation for an upper G.I. series would require which of the following?
N.P.O. after midnight
What do you call the proximal, pouch-like portion of the large intestine?
Which of the following is the technical term for a "heart attack"?
The technical name for "lung cancer" is which of the following?
An upper respiratory disease would be located where?
1. Nose and throat
Which position of the chest has the patient standing erect and leaning backward to rest his/her shoulders against the image receptor?
What are the vessels called that carry blood to and from the lungs?
What is the name of the S-shaped portion of the colon that lies proximal to the rectum?
To turn in or inward describes which of the following movements?
What is a blood clot called that has formed within a vessel?
Which of the following anatomical structures is (are) located in the left upper quadrant of the abdomen?
What bony landmark is used for centering a supine abdominal radiograph?
Which of the following terms describes hematuria?
Blood in the urine
What is the medical name for a twisting or kinking of the bowel?
The patient preparation for a barium enema would require which of the following?
Perfectly clean colon
An obstructed ureter will cause the renal pelvis to dilate with urine. What is this condition called?
At what level should the CR enter for a RAO of the stomach of a sthenic patient?
What is it called when part of the stomach slips through the diaphragm into the thorax?
Which of the following radiographic procedures would routinely take the longest time to complete?
What do you call the contracting phase of the heart?
In the diagram to the right, the letter "X" is occupying the space of which of the following anatomical structures?
The head of the pancreas
Which of the following organs have folds that are referred to as haustra?
Which of the following positions/projections would best demonstrate the axillary portion of the right rib cage?
Which of the following would NOT be found in the urinary system?
What is the condition called when a patient's kidneys cannot excrete any urine?
Which of the following is a lower respiratory disease?
What does the root word "nephr" mean?
Dyspnea is associated with many lung diseases. What is dyspnea?
Labored or difficult breathing
The aorta arises from which chamber of the heart?
How long should a patient be upright before the erect radiograph of an acute abdomen series can be taken?
What is the name of the area in the thoracic cavity located between the two lungs?
What is the name of the disease that is best known as "hardening of the arteries"?
Why is the shortest possible exposure time necessary for chest radiography?
To eliminate heart motion
What do you call the inferior end of the sternum?
Diabetes mellitus is a condition caused by lack of insulin secretion from which of the following organs?
Which of the following does NOT pass through the diaphragm?
Which decubitus position is preferred for demonstrating air and fluid levels in the abdomen?
Left lateral decubitus
What is the name of the procedure that requires the injection of contrast media into the artery of the kidney?
What do you call a blue coloration of tissue, caused by a lack of oxygen?
A patient hurts in the left anterior part of the thorax. Which oblique would show this area best?
Which of the following is a serious state of shock resulting from an allergic reaction?
Which of the following is the medical term for an inflammation of the gallbladder?
Cystitis would be an inflammation of which of the following organs?
Which of the following root words means "heart"?
Which of the following root words means "protection"?
Which of the following are well visualized by a double-contrast barium enema?
Which of the following is the preferred SID for radiography of the heart and lungs?
What is the name of the organ that lies within the duodenal loop?
How many pairs of ribs are considered true ribs?
Which of the following are main branches of the trachea?
Which kidney is placed parallel to the image receptor when a 30 degree RPO radiograph is taken?
What is the name of the most proximal portion of the stomach?
What is the name of the flexure that lies between the transverse colon and the descending colon?
Left colic (splenic)
To place the hand with the palm up describes which of the following movements?
Short dimension grids, where the grid lines run with the short axis of the grid instead of the normal long axis, are useful for which of the following?
Portable (mobile) chest done with the grid crosswise
Why is operative cholangiography performed?
to demonstrate anatomy
to check for proper drainage into the duodenum
to check for residual gallstones in the biliary ducts
What is a disease of smokers that is characterized by inflation of the lungs with trapped air in the alveoli?
Which of the following is supplied by the superior mesenteric artery?
What do you call the organ of voice?
Which of the following terms refers to the direction the x-ray beam travels?
Which of the following structures serves as a common passageway for both food and air?
"Swelling" caused by excessive fluid in the tissues is called what?
What are the basic positions/projections for a radiographic examination of the chest?
PA and left lateral
How are the floating ribs best visualized?
Below the diaphragm
What breathing instructions should be given to a patient for a below the diaphragm radiograph of the ribs?
Why should the chin be extended when doing either a PA or a lateral chest radiograph?
To demonstrate the lung apices
What term is used to describe a part of a structure that is nearest to the origin or source?
Hepatitis is an inflammatory disease of which of the following organs?
The portal system transports blood to which of the following organs?
Which of the following refers to a noticeably rapid heartbeat?
In which of the abdominal regions will the duodenum be located?
Which of the following reasons would NOT require an acute abdominal series?
A child swallowing a penny
Which of the following describes the blood vessels that supply the abdomen?
Why are the shoulders rotated forward when radiographing the chest in a PA projection?
1. To remove the scapulae from the lung fields
2. To get the chest closer to the image receptor
3. To allow a deeper inspiration
Which of the following should be done to best visualize the sternum?
1. High kVp
2. Shallow, RAO
3. Short SID
In the hypersthenic patient, how does the stomach lie?
High and horizontal
This double-contrast barium enema radiograph was taken with the patient in what position?
Left lateral decubitus
Leukemia is a disease that results from an unrestrained growth of which type of cell?
White blood cell
"Heart attack" is a descriptive term for which of the following clinical conditions?
Occluded coronary artery
Which of the following describes the Valsalva maneuver?
Taking a deep breath and straining down
What term is used to describe the front half of the body, a structure or an organ?
What is it called when air enters the pleural space?
Which of the following positions would best demonstrate the rectum filled with barium?
What is the name of the main bile duct that leads directly from the liver?
Common hepatic duct
In which of the following organs would Henle's loop be located?
Which of the following defines dysuria?
Which of the following structures should be seen on a good supine abdominal radiograph?
1. Lumbar transverse processes
2. Psoas muscles
3. Kidney outlines
The part of a structure or organ which lies nearest to the midline of the body is said to be what?
A chronic dilatation and distention of the bronchi with subsequent infection is known as what?
A patient with a knife wound to the chest might demonstrate which of the following on his chest radiograph?
What is the name of the air contrast study of the duodenum after the injection of an antispasmodic drug?
What do you call the membranous lining of the abdominopelvic cavity?
What is the name of the proximal, funnel shaped portion of the ureter?
Which of the following diseases is the result of insufficient red blood cells or hemoglobin?
What is the purpose of the thoracic duct?
Conveys lymph into the left subclavian vein
What are the blood vessels called that carry blood away from the heart?
For an AP projection of the abdomen, the CR is placed at the level of which anatomical structure?
The term caudad refers to which of the following?
Towards the feet
What is the name of the plane that divides the body into anterior and posterior halves?
What is the name of a growth that extends into a cavity from the mucosal lining, often on a stalk?
A common problem among elderly men is prostatic enlargement. Which radiographic exam will show this?
3. Voiding cystourethrogram
A patient who has gallstones is said to have what condition?
Which of the following organs would be located in the right upper quadrant of the abdomen?
Which body plane is centered to the CR for a supine abdominal radiograph?
A patient who is lacking the substance in the blood for clotting is suffering from what condition?
Where is the trachea situated in relationship to the esophagus?
What is the name of the movement that directs food down the gastrointestinal tract?
What muscle separates the thoracic cavity from the abdominal cavity?
Which of the following ducts results from the union of the cystic and common hepatic ducts?
Common bile duct
A patient suffering from gastritis has which of the following problems?
Inflammation of the stomach
A dilatation or sac-like formation in a weakened blood vessel wall is referred to as what?
What are the breathing instructions for a patient having a routine chest radiograph?
Which of the following is a reliable method for checking for rotation on a PA chest radiograph?
Symmetry of sternoclavicular joints
What does the root word "thromb" mean?
Which of the following diseases involves chronic inflammation of the intestines?
Which of the following radiographic exams would require the patient to hold his/her breath on full expiration?
An inflammation of a vein is known as what?
Which of the following terms describes angling the x-ray tube toward the head?
Which of the following is an acute infectious disease that primarily affects lymphoid tissue?
What is it called when part of the bowel telescopes into the adjacent bowel?
Rapid, irregular, ineffective twitches of the ventricles is referred to as what?
Which of the following refers to acute chest pain due to inadequate oxygen supply?
Which of the following is the technical name for high blood pressure?
Which of the following describes the term ileus?
When a patient is lying on his abdomen, he is said to be in which position?
What is the area called where the bronchi enter the lungs?
Pneumonia is described by which of the following?
An acute inflammation of the lung
What is the name for the small air sacs located at the distal ends of the bronchioles?
Which of the following structures would NOT be found in the mediastinum?
Which one radiograph is the most important in a rib series involving recent trauma?
Which of the following root words means "renal pelvis"?
Which of the following is NOT considered part of the bony thorax?
Which of the following terms describes a movement toward the midsagittal plane of the body?
What is the name of the largest blood vessel in the abdomen?
Which gland is large when a person is young and almost disappears as an adult?
What is it called when a woman reaches an age when her menstrual cycle stops?
Under what conditions should a chest be done supine rather than erect?
1. Patient is unconscious
2. Patient cannot sit up
3. Patient complains of dizziness
T-tube choleangiography is an examination that would be done at what point in a patient's treatment?
Following gallbladder surgery
Standing erect, facing forward with the palms of the hands forward, describes which of the following?
What do you call the heart muscle?
Which of the following is NOT an accessory organ of the digestive system?
Which term refers to the lower part, or that part farther away from the head end of the body?
Which of the following refers to a person's heart beating irregularly?
The term "tachycardia" is defined as what?
Rapid heart rate
The abdominal aorta bifurcates into right and left _______ arteries
If a patient is unable to assume a lordotic position, what other way could the pulmonary apices be demonstrated?
Patient supine, CR directed 15 - 20 degrees cephalad
How many ribs should be showing above the diaphragm on a PA chest radiograph on deep inspiration?
What do you call the sac that encloses the lungs?
Which hemidiaphragm is usually located more superior?
Which of the following is a chronic degenerative liver disease?
How many pairs of ribs are there in a normal human skeleton?
The formation of pouches or sacs in the colon is called what?
Which of the following terms describes a lateral movement away from the midsagittal plane of the body?
What is the name of the mucosal folds that are visible when the stomach is empty?
Pyloric stenosis is most often found in which of the following?
Which of the following positions/projections would best demonstrate a hiatal hernia?
Which of the following positions would the patient be in during the insertion of an enema tip?
A double contrast enema consists of which of the following?
Air and barium exam of the large intestine
What are the first branches of the aorta that supply blood to the heart?
Where are the patient's arms placed for an erect lateral position of the chest?
Over the patient's head
What do you call the lower, outer margin of the lung, at the junction of the ribs and diaphragm?
The majority of food digestion takes place in which of the following organs?
What would the position be referred to if the patient was lying down and the x-ray tube was directed horizontally?
What is the name of the plane that divides the body into right and left halves?
Which of the following is NOT an artery that originates directly from the aortic arch?
What does the root word "vas" mean?
Which positioning term refers to the side of or a side view?
What is another name for the midsagittal plane?
How many chambers are there in the heart?
Which of the following is broken down into the two major categories of "gross" and "microscopic"?
Which of the following terms describes a tumor and actually means "new growth"?
Which of the following terms refers to the sole of the foot?
The gallbladder will be located near the vertebrae in which of the following body types?
What is the name of the tube that passes from the kidney to the urinary bladder?
What is the name of the examination where contrast media is injected into the uterus and uterine tubes?
Which of the following root words means "blood"?
The body part _______ the image receptor is referenced when describing the term "position".
What is the meaning of deglutition?
The swallowing of food
Which of the following is NOT a part of the heart?
Superior vena cava
A patient with a possible perforated ulcer would require which of the following procedures?
U.G.I with Gastrografin
What is the name of the prominent, anterior end of the iliac crest?
Anterior superior iliac spine
A position in which the midsagittal plane does NOT form a right angle with the image receptor or CR, is said to be a/an _______.
When radiographing the sternum, which oblique is preferred?
The sudden stoppage of heart action is referred to as what?
What is it called when fluid collects in the pleural space?
Which of the following positions will best demonstrate the left colic (splenic) flexure?
Which of the following diseases is characterized by a hypersensitivity to various allergens?
What do you call an ulcer in the stomach or duodenum?
3. Peptic ulcer
What is the name of the valve that allows blood to pass from the left atrium to the left ventricle?
In which direction does the diaphragm move on inspiration?
What percent of the population would be considered as having a sthenic body habitus?
A patient who has an elevated blood glucose level would be described as being what?
The variations in the form or shape of a body is known as what?
What does the term "metastasis" mean?
Spread of cancer to a distant site
The thyroid cartilage of the larynx is at the level of which cervical vertebra?
What is the name of the cartilage that prevents food from entering the larynx during swallowing?
What are the breathing instructions for a lateral sternum?
Which of the following vessels transports blood from the abdomen back to the heart?
Inferior vena cava
Which of the following is the root word that means "rib"?
What term is used to describe a part of a structure that is farthest from the origin or source?
What is it called when part of a patient's bronchial tree is blocked, causing a partial collapse?
What do you call an inflammation of the kidney and renal pelvis?
The constriction or narrowing of a blood vessel is referred to as what?
When should the timing for a small bowel series begin?
When the patient swallows the barium
Which of the following root words means "vein"?
Which of the following means surgically opening the trachea to free the air passageway?
Which of the following is NOT part of the large intestine?
Which of the following structures is most distal?
What do the letters K.U.B. stand for?
Kidneys, ureter, bladder
The umbilicus lies at the level of which of the following?
3rd and 4th lumbar
Which of the following tumors is a non-malignant tumor?
If a patient suffers from dysphagia, they would have difficulty doing which of the following?
Which of the following positions will best demonstrate the pylorus and duodenal loop?
45 degree RAO
What is the main artery of the systemic circulation?
Which of the following positions is used for a general scout radiograph of the abdomen?
The right bronchus divides into _______ branches and the left bronchus into _______ branches.
Which of the following is the sac that surrounds the heart?
Why are chest radiographs taken PA rather than AP?
To minimize heart magnification
A patient whose blood is lacking in those components that provide the immune response may have what?
The clavicle articulates with which of the following?
Scapula and sternum
What do you call the most proximal portion of the small intestine?
An upper G.I. series on a hypersthenic patient would require what kind of an adjustment of the central ray?
2" higher than normal
What do you call the portion of the lung that lies above the clavicles?
What is the meaning of the root word "angi"?
Which of the following organs secretes insulin?
What is the name of the duct that transports bile from the gallbladder?
What is the name of the opening in the proximal end of the stomach?
"Loss of appetite" describes which of the following conditions?
What is the condition called when tissue dies due to lack of blood supply and then decomposes?
Which bone would be radiographed to demonstrate the manubrium?
What is the name of a plane that lies at a right angle to the midsagittal plane?
Which of the following conditions best describes an unusually large amount of fluid in the peritoneal cavity?
When a patient is lying on his back, he is said to be in which position?
How many pairs of ribs are considered floating ribs?
Which of the following is another name for a kidney stone?
What is the name of the large, thick muscle located on either side of the lumbar vertebrae?
The xiphoid process is part of which of the following bones?
Which of the following describes an inflammation of the abdominal cavity lining?
What is the name of the junction between the small intestine and the large intestine?
Which of the following is a chronic degenerative liver disease?
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