Cognitive Explanations of Depression
Terms in this set (17)
Beck, the negative thought patterns of his clients
Who is the cognitive approach ideology mostly based on the work of? and what did he notice which made him come to his conclusions?
The Cognitive triad
Faulty information processing
Negative self schemas
Name the three parts of his cognitive model for depression?
It refers to the automatic negative cognitions that individuals prone to depression emphasise about themselfs, the word and the future
Explain what the term cognitive triad means?
Peoples moods, behavior and physiology
What areas are effected by self critical and hopeless thoughts?
That theres no point in trying to do much because the world and the future are bleak and defeating
People with the cognitive triad are believe what refering to faulty information processing?
These thinking patterns predispose people to experiance depression
What does having a cognitive triad and faulty information precessing affect people?
As selectively attending to negative interpretations and overgeneralse will ensure that the individual is prone to become depression
How is information processing said to be cognitively biased?
Because people rely on pre existing beliefs or schemas
Why does this information processing error occur?
During childhood and adolescence. When parents abd authority figures such as teachers have unrealistic demands and are overly critical
When did Beck sugguest that these negative schemas develop and how?
Name the 4 negative schemas beck sugguested in faulty information processing as a result of over demanding authority figures during childhood
If a person has a negative self schema they are selectively percieving and interpreting information that fits in with a maladaptive/ dysfunctional way of thinking therefore confirming these negative beliefs
How does having a negtive self schemas explain depression?
No there must be a critical life event which triggers dsyfunctional assumptions and biased information processing
Does having these dsyfunctional beliefs cause depression?
Depressed people have more negative thoughts. Gotlib and Hammen
Do studies find that depressed people think more negatively than non depressed people? and who found this? **
A pessimistic attribution style
What may be an effect of depression than a cause of it to do with Becks idea
That emotional processing can occur before cognitive processing and therefore emotions might be controlling cognitions rather than the other way around. This means that becks cognitive theory is incomplete as it needs to accomate the influence of emotions
What has neutroimaging techniques shown us about cognitive processing and depression?
The manic phase in bipolar depression
Which part of depression is the cognitive theory not good at explaining?
What has the cognitive theory led to which will help people with depression?