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62 terms

Medical Assistant Questions

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The point where air enters the respiratory tract
nasal cavity
The windpipe which conducts air between the larynx and the lungs is called
trachea
The divisions of the trachea which enters the lungs are called
bronchi
Located between the pharynx and the trachea, containing the vocal cords
larynx
A condition of the nasal septum turning away from the midline is called
deviated septum
Inflammation of the pleura
pleurisy
Escape of fluid into the thoracic cavity
pleural effusion
Inflammation of the nasal mucosa results in
rhinitis
An accumulation of air in the pleural cavity after the lungs collapse is known as
pneumothorax
Lesions of the mucous membrane of the stomach are called
gastric
A serious chronic disease of the liver is called
cirrhosis
Inflammation of the gallbladder
cholecystitis
Scapula
shoulder bone
Humerus
bone extending from the shoulder to the elbow
Sacrum
Large bone in Pelvic Curve
Tibia
Larger of Two Lower Leg Bones; Inside of Leg
Fibula
Smaller of Two Lower Leg Bones; Outside of Leg
Clavicle
Collarbone
The science of the function of cells, tissues, and organs of the body is called
physiology
movement of limbs away from the body
abduction
The second portion of the small intestine is called
jejunum
Duodenum
first portion of the small intestine
One of the vital functions of long bones is the formation of
red blood cells
Paralysis that follows damage to the brain is called
hemiplegia
Trapezius
either of two flat triangular muscles of the shoulder and upper back that are involved in moving the shoulders and arms
Latissimus dorsi
broad, flat muscle on each side of the middle back
Infected pressure sores on the skin are called
decubitus ulcers
A gallbladder disorder involving stones int the gallbladder is
cholelithiasis
Inflammation of the retina is called
retinitis
Washing out of the stomach through a nasogastric tube is called
lavage
If the septum of the heart has an abnormal opening it is called
septal defect
Branches of bundle branches, which transmit the impulses to the walls of the ventricles, causing the ventricles to contract is called
purkinje fibers
Deoxygenated blood enters the right atrium of the
heart
When the right atrium contracts it forces blood through the tricuspid valve into the
right ventricle
The right ventricle pumps the used blood to the lungs by the
pulmonary artery
Superior vena cava
the large vein carrying blood from the upper part of the body.
Inferior vena cava
brings blood back from lower portion of body to heart
Myocardium
middle layer of the heart wall.
Interventricular septum
partition between right and left ventricle
Apex
the pointed end of the heart which extends slightly to the left and rests on the diaphragm
In the human body, the senses include all the following except for
teeth
When the patient makes abnormal noises like snoring sounds when they are breathing, it is called
stertorous respiration
The main type of sphygmomanometers used in a clinical setting is called
aneroid type
A rubber or plastic tube used to drain or inject fluid through a body opening is called
catheter
An apical pulse is the method of choice for
infants and young children
The medical term for a group of cells with the same function
tissue
The medical term for the basic unit of body structure
cells
The medical term for circular movement around a central point
rotation
The medical term fir a decrease in size or a wasting is called
atrophy
The medical term for straightening of a body part is called
extension
The medical term for moving a body part away from the body
abduction
The medical term for bending of a body part is called
flexion
The medical term for turning the palm backward is called
pronation
The medical term for bending backward is called
dorsiflexion
The medical term for abnormal shortening of a muscle is called
contracture
The medical term for moving a body part toward the midline of the body is called
adduction
The medical term for tube feeding is called
gavage
The word element emesis means
vomiting
The word element cise means
cut
The word element centesis means
puncture
The word element stomato means
mouth or the ostium uteri
Erythema refers to
red skin