Labor's Lit Terms
Freshman English Must Know Terminology
Terms in this set (60)
When an author writes about eating or drinking, he/she is assessing/symbolizing the relationship of characters.
Direct comparison of two unlike things.
Indirect comparison of two unlike things using like, as, seems, or than.
Giving human characteristics to an animal or inanimate object.
Specific type of personification wherein we attempt to understand/translate non-human behavior/motivations through the human, hence "anthrop," lens.
When literature is written, and words are spelled to indicate how the speech of a region or character sounds. Ex. How ya'll doin'?
The use of harsh or clashing sounds. Often used in descriptions of war, violence, hate, etc.
The use of smooth or flowing sounds. Often used in description of love, happiness, joy, etc.
Repetition of initial sounds.
When a word sounds like what it is. Example: Whack, buzz, tinkle, sizzle, pop, and ding!
When the speaker addresses someone or something that is not present.
Imagery is used to show us how something moves.
Imagery to show us how warm or cold something is.
Imagery to show us what something smells like.
Imagery to inform us about what something tastes like.
Imagery to help us understand what something feels like.
Imagery that shows us what something looks like.
Imagery to tell us what something sounds like.
Words that are used to help readers experience something through their senses.
A reference to anything from art, history, mythology, The Bible, Shakespeare, etc.
Something that represents more than what it is―more than the thing itself.
Extreme exaggeration Example: I have told you a million times what hyperbole is!
The events in a story.
The time and place of a story.
Background on the story/setting and the characters.
Conflict within a character.
Conflict that happens outside the character with an antagonist. Ex. Character Vs. Nature.
The events stemming from the conflict.
The highest point of action in a narrative.
Events leading to the conclusion.
Also called "Denoument," wherein the conflicts are resolved.
When the speaker tells us directly about a character and what to think about him/her.
When the speaker reveals a character through his/her words and actions and the audience draws conclusions.
The main character in a story. Often known as the hero.
The character in conflict with the protagonist.
Point of View
Vantage point from which the story is told.
First Person POV
The narrator (story teller) is involved in the story and uses "I" to unfold the plot.
Second Person POV
The narrator tells the story using the pronoun "you" as the driver of the plot. Most rarely used narrative point of view.
Third Person Limited POV
The narrator is not involved in the story and reveals the thoughts and feelings of only ONE character.
Third Person Omniscient POV
The narrator is not involved in the story and reveals the thoughts and feelings of all of the characters.
The speakers attitude about the subject.
The effect of the words and images on the audience.
The quality of a work that makes us continue to read to see what will happen next.
Hints at what is to come in the plot.
Language which contains polysyllabic words and is formal. It is the language of the college classroom.
This is deliberately clear language. Not overly formal. It is the language we should be using with each other in the classroom.
The language of the high school hallway. It includes slang, dialect, and is informal.
Line-by-line or stanza-by-stanza explanation of poetry.
Questioning that you don't expect anyone to answer. Its purpose is to make people think, and sometimes work out internal conflict in literature and in life.
When what happens is ABSOLUTELY not what could have been predicted.
When what is said is not what is meant.
When the audience knows something that the characters don't.
Pattern or reccuring image in a text
The humorous use of a word or phrase so as to emphasize or suggest its different meanings or applications, or the use of words that are alike or nearly
alike in sound but different in meaning; a play on words.
The deliberate use of sentence structure to enhance meaning.
When an author adds touches of magic to an otherwise realistic story and the characters don't necessarily notice.
Quick dialogue between characters, often witty or argumentative.
A metaphor that continues to be relevant throughout a poem or story.