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Terms in this set (87)
What is your role as a citizen in the community?
My role is to take care of the community, offer halp whenever I can, and obey laws and rules
What are three steps to consider when beginning a dating relationship?
Know your priorities, setting limits, recognize your reason for dating
Know several differences between affection/intimacy and infatuation
Intimacy- a closeness between two people that is developed over time
Infatuation- exaggerated feeling of passion
Understand reasons for abstaining from sexual activity until marriage.
A christ-centered relationship, teenage pregnancy, disease
The difference between medicine and drugs
Medicine- drugs that are used to treat or prevent diseases or other conditions
Drugs- substances other than food that change the structure or function of the body or mind
The four purposes of medicine
1) Prevents disease
2) Fights pathogens
3) Relieves pain and other symptoms
4) Manages chronic conditions, restores health, regulates body symptoms
Ways to take medicine
Oral - taken through mouth (tablets, capsules, pills)
Topical - applied to skin (lotion or cream)
Inhaled - mist or powder
Injected - shot that goes directly into the bloodstream
Four different reactions to medicine
1) Side Effects
2) Additive interaction (work together positively)
3) Synergistic effect (combined together for a greater effect)
4) Antagonistic interaction (combined to cancel each other out)
Difference between tolerance and withdrawal
Tolerance - the body becoming used to the effect because of a constant use
Withdrawal - when a person stops using a medicine, he/she becomes psychologically and physically dependent
What does the FDA require of all medicine it approves?
1) Chemical Composition
2) Intended Use
4) Side Effects
(clinical trials from manufacturer)
Be able to define Prescription Medicine and OTC's
Prescription Medicine - medicines that are dispensed only with the written approval of a licensed physician or nurse practitioner (provide only amount that is needed)
OTC's (Over The Counter medicine) - medicine you can buy without a doctor's prescription
What is required on all medicine labels?
safety instructions, pharmacy name, pharmacy address, doctor who prescribed, date filled
Know the difference between misuse and abuse
Misuse- Using a medicine in ways other than the intended use
Abuse- Intentionally taking medications for non-medical reasons
Ways Tobacco is Used
Be able to define: Nicotine, Tar, Carbon Monoxide
Nicotine - addictive drug in tobacco leaves that causes physiological or psychological dependence
Tar - thick, sticky, dark fluid produced when tobacco burns
Carbon Monoxide - colorless, odorless, poisonous gas
The different cancers caused by tobacco use
Mouth, Throat, Larynx, Esophagus, Stomach, Pancreas, Lung
How is smokeless tobacco used?
Smokeless tobacco is sniffed through the nose, held in the mouth, or chewed
The 4 types of alcohol
1) 12 fl oz of regular beer (5% alcohol)
2) 8-9 oz of malt liquor (7% alcohol)
3) 5 fl oz of table wine (12% alcohol)
4) 1.5 fl oz of hard liquor (40% alcohol)
How your Central Nervous System is affected by alcohol
slowed reaction time and can cause memory loss
The definition of intoxication
the state in which the body is poisoned by alcohol
The factors influencing the effects of alcohol
Gender, Size, Weight, Intake
Short Term vs Long Term effects of alcohol use
STE- heart & blood pressure increase
damaged brain cells
Drunk state (dizziness, memory loss, etc.)
LTE- liver is destroyed & kidneys are broken down
pancreas cancer and diseases
brain development issues
reduction in brain size
The definition of binge drinking and alcohol poisoning
Binge Drinking - 5 or more drinks in one sitting
Alcohol Poisoning - severe and potentially fatal physical reaction to an alcohol overdose
How can your body react to alcohol poisoning?
vomiting and seizures
low body temperature
Know the risks of drinking alcohol when you are under 21 years old
Youth Detention Center
College and Employment options are lessened
Reputation is hurt
Loss of trust with friends and family
Understand Blood Alcohol Content/Concentration
BAC is the amount of alcohol in a person's blood, expressed as a percentage. It depends on quantity, type, body size, and gender.
Know the three stages of Alcoholism
1) Abuse - social drinking, denial, intoxication
2) Dependence - unable to stop, physically
3) Addiction - liver damage, less alcohol needed to get into bloodstream, more tolerant, withdrawal when stopped
The definition to marijuana
Marijuana - plant whose leaves, buds, and flowers are usually smoked for their intoxicating effects
Physical effects of marijuana (brain, respiratory, circulatory, reproductive systems)
Brain- hallucination/paranoia, short term memory loss, impaired concentration
Respiratory & Circulatory - coughing, heart and lung damage, weakened immune system, increased risk of cancer
Reproductive - changes hormonal levels,
loss of sperm count (male), risk of infertility (female)
The effects of inhalants
permanent loss of brain cells
damaged function in nose
Where are most inhalants found?
Inhalants are usually just ordinary household products.
How are inhalants used?
They are inhaled or sniffed to give effect.
4 types of psychoactive drugs and their effect on the body.
1) Stimulants - cardiac arrest, respiratory failure
2) Depressants - slow heart/respiration rate, coma, stoppage of breathing, weak pulse
3) Hallucinogens - mind altering, effects are unpredictable
4) Opiates - respiratory failure, seizures, coma
Know examples of each type of psychoactive drug.
1) Stimulants - cocaine, meth, nicotine
2) Depressants - roofies, alcohol, tranquilizers
3) Hallucinogens - ecstasy, acid, mushrooms, PCP
4) Opiates - codeine, morphine, heroin, oxycodone
Be able to list warning signs of drug users
lies about use, constantly talks about drugs
stops participating in activities
changes eating and sleeping habits
takes unnecessary risks
begins breaking rules and laws
red-rimmed eyes and runny nose (not cold related)
had blackouts, lack of memory
the process of the body taking in and using food
what the body uses to grow, repair, and supply
unit of heat to measure the amount of energy used
when your body needs food (physical)
when you want food (physiological)
What influences affect our food choices?
How do emotions affect our food intake?
Sometimes people eat even when they are not hungry because they are bored, sad, or stressed. Sometimes people do not eat because of stress and sadness as well.
What are some effects of poor eating habits? Short term vs Long term
poor brain function prone to disease and illness
Explain the correlation between your environment and your food choices (physical, culture, social)
physical - money, transportation, having the resources
culture - location and the food being served around you
social - people around you influencing you
Grains, Proteins, Calcium, Veggies, Fruits, Oils
(Great Party! Can Veggies Fart?)
"make half your grains whole"
"go lean with protein"
"get your calcium rich foods"
"vary your veggies"
"focus on fruits"
When limiting certain foods (fats, oils, sweets), what are some things to consider? When should we only eat these foods?
know the calories, consider time of day, and consider what physical activity we've had. Only eat them as a reward
Carbs are mostly found in what type of foods?
Grains, Fruits, Vegetables, Tubers (roots or stems), Legumes (beans), and sugar
Name the three processes carbohydrates aid in
Digestion, Oxidation, and Metabolism
What is the difference between simple and complex carbs?
1 or 2 Sugar Strands
3 or more Sugar Strands
Be able to name the 5 simple sugars
Glucose (Blood Sugar)
Fructose (Fruit Sugar)
Lactose (Milk Sugar)
Sucrose (Table Sugar)
Maltose (Malt Sugar)
Name the three functions of fat
Heat & Energy
Stores Fat Soluble Vitamins (A, D, E, K)
What happens when there is excessive amounts of fat taken in?
Weight gain, stalls digestion, leads to obesity
What is cholesterol, what do we need it for, and what food sources is it found in?
A fat like substance that our body produces and is found in animals. You need it to maintain a steady blood flow in order to prevent blood clots, and to keep a healthy metabolism.
Solid at room temperature. found in animal based foods (meat and dairy). Too much increases risk of heart disease
Found in veggies, oils, nuts, and seeds. moderate amounts lowers risk of heart disease.
Man made fats that are NEVER good for you. They raise your blood cholesterol and increase risk of heart disease.
What are some key terms to look for to notice trans fats?
"Partially Hydrogenated Oils" "Artificial" and "Monosodium Glutamate"
What are the purposes of protein?
To Build and Repair tissue
To maintain steady cell growth
To use as energy
How often must be protein replenished? Why?
daily. to so that they won't be stored as fat, because once they are, they can't go back to proteins
What food sources is protein mostly found in?
Dairy, Lean Meats (ANIMALS), Beans, Nuts, Seeds (PLANTS)
Describe amino acids?
20 of them and they are the building blocks of proteins.
What does being an essential amino acid mean? How many essential aminos are there?
to be an essential amino acid, they must be from outside sources. There are 9 essential, and your body makes 11
Be able to describe all of the differences between incomplete and complete proteins.
Complete - contains all 9 essential amino acids and is stored
Incomplete - contains less than 11 and is excreted (all come from plants)
What are the effects of lack of protein?
fatigue, being more prone to sickness, kidney disease, stunted growth
Know the difference between fat soluble vitamins and water soluble vitamins
fat soluble - soluble in fats and remain in body
water soluble - dissolve in water and go into bloodstream, excess amounts excreted from body (urine)
new cell growth, healthy skin, healthy hair, and vision (especially in dim light)
promotes calcium absorption; stored in bones
antioxidant, protects cell walls, important in the formation of red blood cells, and benefits immune system
needed for proper blood clotting
antioxidant, helps immune system, helps tissues grow and repair, heals wounds
What foods are vitamins mostly found in?
fruits and vegetables
Name 5 Minerals we get from food
Iron, Zinc, Calcium, Magnesium, Phosphurus
essential for blood production, helps blood flow properly
helps immune system work properly, important for cell growth
strengthens and aids bones
supplies energy, helps cell growth
helps maintain normal nerve and muscle functions, regulates heartbeat, supports immune system, strengthens bones
What should be LOW on the food labels? (avoid these sections)
Trans fat. Sodium. Cholesterol. Sugar. Saturated fat
Where should we always start when reading food labels?
What are names of added sugars in the ingredients?
high fructose corn syrup, anhydrous dextrose, corn syrup, sugar, sucrose, fructose, dextrose, brown sugar
How do we know what ingredients the food is mainly made of?
what ingredients come first on the ingredient list
List the 5 ingredients we need to avoid
added sugars, "enriched", artificial sweeteners, oils, trans fats
What is sodium, and how much does our body need daily? What will an excess of sodium lead to?
less than 2300 mg per day
excess sodium can lead to high blood pressure
Be able to calculate the correct numbers of calories, sodium, sugars, etc. PER SERVING.