36 terms

Santrock Chapter 19-Socioemotional Development in Late Adulthood

What is the last stage in life according to Erik Erikson?
integrity versus despair
Erik Erikson believed that people who experience isolation and stagnation in earlier adulthood are more likely to experience _____ in later adulthood.
a. despair
Erikson's last stage of development is characterized by _____.
c. wisdom
Mr. Widaman-Gibbs is interviewed on his 100th birthday, and a reporter asks, "How do you want to be remembered?" Mr. Widaman-Gibbs reflects for a moment and responds, "I want to be remembered by the traditions I have left behind in my family; my legacy is not who I was but instead who my children and grandchildren are." Erik Erikson would classify this response as indicating Mr. Larson's sense of _____.
c. integrity
Erikson believed that elderly adults use their impending death as a motivation to look back and evaluate their life. This form of retrospection is what many theorists call:
a. life review.
Which of the following statements about life review is NOT true?
a. Life reviews avoid reflecting on regrets.
Which theory explains why older adults spend most of their time with familiar individuals and family?
socioemotional selectivity theory
Which theory challenges the notion that older adults are in despair because of social isolation?
socioemotional selectivity theory
According to the socioemotional selectivity theory, individuals are motivated by two types of goals—emotional and:
d. knowledge-related.
As a minister conscientious about the welfare of her parishioners, Reverend Douglas creates many roles in her church for retired church members. Pastor Douglas appears to be applying:
activity theory.
Life-span developmentalist Paul Baltes and his colleagues believe that successful aging is related to three main factors:
c. selection, optimization, and compensation.
The late Arthur Rubinstein, during his old age, maintained his status as an admired pianist by few simple strategies. One of those was reducing the scope of his performances and playing fewer pieces. Which aspect of Baltes theory does this reflect?
a. selection
Older adults not being hired for new jobs, being eased out of old ones because they are perceived as too rigid or feebleminded, and being eased out because they are not considered cost effective are examples of:
b. ageism.
Don is 68 years old and would like to work part time during his retirement. All his applications have been turned down, however, even though Don has many years' experience, has an excellent work record, and is appropriate for the job. Don may be experiencing:
a. ageism.
Which of the following is the most common consequence of ageism?
c. disrespect for older adults
Considering the fact that many of the health problems of older adults are chronic rather than acute, which of the following is a concern regarding the medical system?
c. The medical system is still based on a "cure" rather than a "care" model.
Which of the following statements about the health care of older adults in the U.S. is NOT true?
a. Approximately one-half of the total health bill of the United States is for the care of adults > 65 years.
Gina is doing what she can to help her older aunt take care of herself and stay in her own home. Gina often takes meals to her aunt and helps her clean, go shopping, and make visits to the doctor. Gina is providing _____ for her aunt.
c. eldercare
The _____ issue raises questions about whether the young should be required to pay for the old, and whether the population is using resources that should go to younger people.
b. generational inequity
According to 2006 data, the percentage of older people living in poverty is _____.
a. 9.6%
According to 2006 data, what percentage of elderly women live alone live in poverty?
a. 11.5%
What percentage of elderly African American women live alone live in poverty?
d. 60%
What percentage of elderly Latina American women live alone live in poverty?
c. 50%
_____ percent of women 75 years and older live alone.
a. Fifty
After losing her husband, Ebony does not want to move into her daughter's home. "I want to be like most other people my age," she said. "Put me in a nursing home or just let me live alone in my own home." Statistics show that Ebony is:
b. wrong; most elderly adults live with other family members.
Older adults use the Internet most often to:
b. communicate with relatives.
Sarah and Kent have always been a very traditional couple, in that he has worked outside the home, and she has been a homemaker. When Kent retires, which of the following situations is MOST likely to arise?
d. Sarah will become uneasy having Kent around the house all day.
Currently, approximately _____ of older American adults cohabit ("live together").
c. 3%
Who is the most likely caregiver for Mrs. Downes, an 84-year-old frail elder?
a. her daughter
In most cases, researchers have found that relationships between aging parents and their children are characterized by _____.
b. ambivalence
Social support is negatively correlated with:
d. disease.
Which of the following statements about social support for older adults is NOT true?
d. Social support has not been shown to affect depression in older adults
Which of the following could be the probable reason why older adults tend to report being less lonely than younger adults?
d. Many older adults prefer spending more time with a smaller circle of friends to avoid negative experiences.
Which of the following is NOT a factor that predicts high status for the elderly in a culture?
d. whether older people have had a large number of children
It is observed that respect for older adults is greater in _____ cultures than in _____ cultures.
c. collectivistic; individualistic
Older adults characterized by _____ don't live as long as those who are _____.
c. pessimism; optimistic