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the study of the speech sounds, their production, perception, and physical properties made in the production of human speech. "what you do"


a one-to-one correspondence between the members of two sets.

Respiratory System

the power source for speech; provides the energy source for speech production

Bronchial Tubes

vessels that help carry air where it needs to go


set of cartilage rings on top of each other, very flexible

Rib Cage

enables lungs to open and close; muscles receive message to contract and relax


the muscle that forms the floor of the thoracic cavity

Laryngeal System

the sound source for speech; its primary function is protection

Vocal Folds

largely muscle tissue, they transform air energy into speech energy

Supralaryngeal System

serves as the filter for speech; main function is consumption, chewing, and swallowing


from center of body forward


from center of body backward


the most versatile muscle in the body; predominately used for chewing and swallowing


the study of the distinctive sounds and characteristic patterns of a spoken language. "what you know"


the distinctive sounds of a language and the written symbols used to represent them, often determined by finding minimal pairs or minimal sets of words

Phonological Rules

the concise, unambiguous statements that describe the sound patterns of a language

Minimal Pairs

two words, with different meanings, that sound identical except for one sound; often help determine the phonemes of a language (pat & bat & cat)

Anticipatory coarticulation

anticipating what will come next

Regressive coarticulation

what already happened is going to influence the way the sound is produced

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