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CSD 311K Final Exam

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Phonetics
the study of the speech sounds, their production, perception, and physical properties made in the production of human speech. "what you do"
Isomorphism
a one-to-one correspondence between the members of two sets.
Respiratory System
the power source for speech; provides the energy source for speech production
Bronchial Tubes
vessels that help carry air where it needs to go
Trachea
set of cartilage rings on top of each other, very flexible
Rib Cage
enables lungs to open and close; muscles receive message to contract and relax
Diaphragm
the muscle that forms the floor of the thoracic cavity
Laryngeal System
the sound source for speech; its primary function is protection
Vocal Folds
largely muscle tissue, they transform air energy into speech energy
Supralaryngeal System
serves as the filter for speech; main function is consumption, chewing, and swallowing
Coronal
from center of body forward
Dorsal
from center of body backward
Tongue
the most versatile muscle in the body; predominately used for chewing and swallowing
Phonology
the study of the distinctive sounds and characteristic patterns of a spoken language. "what you know"
Phonemes
the distinctive sounds of a language and the written symbols used to represent them, often determined by finding minimal pairs or minimal sets of words
Phonological Rules
the concise, unambiguous statements that describe the sound patterns of a language
Minimal Pairs
two words, with different meanings, that sound identical except for one sound; often help determine the phonemes of a language (pat & bat & cat)
Anticipatory coarticulation
anticipating what will come next
Regressive coarticulation
what already happened is going to influence the way the sound is produced