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100 terms

English IV Vocabulary Units 1-5

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Acuity
(n) a quick and penetrating intelligence
Delineate
(v) describe in vivid detail, represented accurately or precisely
Depraved
(adj) marked by immorality
Enervate
(v) weaken mentally or morally
Esoteric
(adj) confined to and understandable by only an enlightened inner circle
Fecund
(adj) capable of producing offspring or vegetation
Fiat
(n) a legally binding command or decision entered on the court record (as if issued by a court or judge)
Figment
(n) a contrived or fantastic idea
Garner
(v) acquire or deserve by one's efforts or actions, assemble or get together
Hallow
(v) render holy by means of religious rites
Idiosyncrasy
(n) a behavioral attribute that is distinctive and peculiar to an individual
Ignominy
(n) a state of dishonor
Mundane
(adj) belonging to this earth or world, found in the ordinary course of events
Nuance
(n) a subtle difference in meaning or opinion or attitude
Overweening
(adj) presumptuously arrogant, unrestrained in especially feelings
Penchant
(n) a strong liking
Reputed
(adj, part) according to reputation or general belief; having widespread acceptance and good reputation; alleged
Sophistry
(n) a deliberately invalid argument displaying ingenuity in reasoning in the hope of deceiving someone
Sumptuous
(adj) rich and superior in quality
Ubiquitous
(adj) being present everywhere at once
Atrophy
(n, v) any weakening or degeneration (especially through lack of use), undergo any weakening or degeneration
Bastion
(n) a stronghold into which people could go for shelter during a battle
Concord
(n) agreement of opinions
Consummate
(adj, v) perfect and complete in every respect, make perfect
Disarray
(n, v) untidiness (especially of clothing and appearance), bring disorder to
Exigency
(n) a pressing or urgent situation
Flotsam
(n) the floating wreckage of a ship
Frenetic
(adj) excessively agitated
Glean
(v) gather, as of natural products
Grouse
(n, v) complain, popular game bird having a plump body and feathered legs and feet, complaint
Incarcerate
(v) lock up or confine, in or as in a jail
Incumbent
(n, adj) the official who holds an office; obligatory or required
Jocular
(adj) characterized by jokes and good humor
Ludicrous
(adj) broadly or extravagantly humorous
Mordant
(adj) harshly ironic or sinister
Nettle
(n, v) cause annoyance in, any of numerous plants having stinging hairs that cause skin irritation on contact (especially of the genus Urtica or family Urticaceae)
Pecuniary
(adj) relating to or involving money
Pusillanimous
(adj) lacking in courage and manly strength and resolution
Recumbent
(adj) lying down
Stratagem
(n) an elaborate or deceitful scheme contrived to deceive or evade
Articulate
(v, adj) expressing yourself easily or characterized by clear expressive language, speak, pronounce, or utter in a certain way
Cavort
(v) play boisterously
Credence
(n) the mental attitude that something is believable and should be accepted as true
Decry
(v) express strong disapproval of
Dissemble
(v) hide under a false appearance
Distraught
(v) deeply agitated especially from emotion
Eulogy
(n) a formal expression of praise
Evince
(v) give expression to
Exhume
(v) dig up for reburial or for medical investigation
Feckless
(adj) generally incompetent and ineffectual
Murky
(adj) so shaded as to be dark or gloomy, (of especially liquids) clouded as with sediment
Nefarious
(adj) extremely wicked
Piquant
(adj) attracting or delighting, having an agreeably pungent taste, engagingly stimulating or provocative
Primordial
(adj) having existed from the beginning
Propinquity
(n) the property of being close together
Unwonted
(adj) out of the ordinary
Utopian
(adj) characterized by or aspiring to impracticable perfection
Verbiage
(n) overabundance of words
Verdant
(adj) characterized by abundance of greenness
Viscous
(adj) having the properties of glue, having a relatively high resistance to flow
Accost
(v) approach with an offer of sexual favors
Animadversion
(n) harsh criticism or disapproval
Avid
(adj) marked by active interest and enthusiasm
Brackish
(adj) slightly salty
Celerity
(n) a rate that is rapid
Devious
(adj) deviating from a straight course, characterized by insincerity or deceit
Gambit
(n) a chess move early in the game in which the player sacrifices minor pieces in order to obtain an advantageous position
Halcyon
(n, adj) idyllically calm and peaceful, a mythical bird said to breed at the time of the winter solstice in a nest floating on the sea and to have the power of calming the winds and waves
Histrionic
(adj) characteristic of acting or a stage performance
Incendiary
(n, adj) a criminal who illegally sets fire to property, arousing to action or rebellion
Maelstrom
(n) a powerful circular current of water (usually the resulting of conflicting tides)
Myopic
(adj) unable to see distant objects clearly, lacking foresight or scope
Overt
(adj) open and observable
Pejorative
(adj) expressing disapproval
Propriety
(n) correct or appropriate behavior
Sacrilege
(n) blasphemous behavior
Summarily
(adv) without delay
Suppliant
(n, adj) humbly entreating, one praying humbly for something
Talisman
(n) a trinket or piece of jewelry thought to be a protection against evil
Undulate
(v) move in a wavy pattern or with a rising and falling motion
Acquisitive
(adj) eager to acquire and possess things especially material possessions or ideas
Arrogate
(v) seize and take control without authority and possibly with force
Banal
(adj) obvious and dull
Belabor
(v) attack verbally with harsh criticism, to work at or to absurd length
Carping
persistent petty and unjustified criticism
Coherent
(adj) capable of thinking and expressing yourself in a clear and consistent manner
Congeal
(v) become gelatinous, to thicken, or change from liquid to solid
Emulate
(v) compete with successfully, strive to equal or match, especially by imitating
Encomium
(n) a formal expression of praise
Eschew
(v) avoid and stay away from deliberately
Germane
(adj) relevant to the subject at hand; appropriate in subject matter
Insatiable
(adj) impossible to satiate or satisfy
Intransigent
(adj) not capable of being swayed or diverted from a course
Invidious
(adj) containing or implying a slight or showing prejudice
Largesse
(n) liberality in bestowing gifts
Reconaissance
(n) a general examination or survey of a region, usually followed by a detailed survey.
Substantiate
(v) solidify, firm, or strengthen
Taciturn
(adj) habitually reserved and uncommunicative
Temporize
(v) draw out a discussion or process in order to gain time
Tenable
(adj) based on sound reasoning or evidence