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Chapter 5 exam
Terms in this set (39)
The Book of Kells
written and decorated by Irish Monks
king of Franks, saw himself as a successor of the Roman Empire
established a dynasty of French kings that would rule for nearly 350 years. Made Paris their political and intellectual center of Europe.
Norse raiders of Eastern Europe and the Mediterranean. Referred to all medieval Scandinavian seafarers. Established settlements in Scandinavia, Russia and Ireland.
established a monastery at Monte Cassino near Rome and created the Benedictine Order which referred to pray and work and was based on four vows: poverty, chastity, obedience, and stability (living in one place).
Emphasis is placed on clarity of meaning rather than on a realistic depiction of the real world.
characterized by massive proportions, thick walls, emphasis on horizontal elements, semicircular arches, small windows, and dark interiors.
"City Temple", is a complex of temples built by King Suryavarman II.
part human and part animal. God of prosperity and success, and is worshiped as the remover of obstacles.
characterized by slender proportions, thin walls, emphasis on vertical elements, flying buttesses, pointed arches, large windows, and interiors filled with colored light entering through stained glass windows.
"to shine" or to "radiate" and refers to radiating tracery patterns in rose windows.
named for the mesh of curving stone tracery that is literally flamboyant, flamelike in shape.
their shape maintains that of the column to which they are attcahed; in essence, columns have been carved to resemble the human form.
images of mana, meaning sacred power or spiritual power. They represent deified ancestors.
Les Tres Riches Heures du Duc de Berry (The Very Rich Hours of the Duke of Berry)
dated 1413-1416, is the work of Limbourg brothers . This manuscript includes a carefully detailed folio portraying people engaged in activities appropriate for each month of the year, thereby providing a wealth of information about life at the time for the aristocracy and the peasantry.
the greatest of the anglo-saxon germanic epic. Exemplifies the values of a warrior society.
The Song of Roland
song of deeds, long poem in stanzas, it consists of more than 4,000 lines. Tells the story of the christian army of Charlemagne doing battle against the Muslim Saracens.
The tale of Genji
the world's first novel, was written by Murasaki Shikibu.
Li Bai and Du Fu
greatest poets of the Tang era.
displayed new concern for reality, human emotion, and three dimensionality in his monumental, strongly modeled figures. One of his famous works is the Arena Chapel in padua.
Black Death/Bubonic Plague
caused the deaths of 70 million people. Came from rats of the trading ships.
Hundred Years War
War between France and England lasted 1337 to 1453. It was fought entirely of soil.
Joan of Arc
during the war period, she rose to prominence as she gained access to the uncrowned king Charles VII, and was permitted to lead the french soldiers into battle near the city of Orleans in the Loire valley. "Maid of Orleans"
wielded the twin powers of logic and language in a logic based philosophical approach called dialect.
Argued that conflicting statements could be resolved by analyzing their language.
synthesized Aristotelian philosophy with catholic religious thought. Claimed that the order of nature reflected the mind of God. He saw no conflict between reason and faith; for him intellectual freedom was granted by God as part of his divine plan. One of his important writings was Summa Theologica (Summary of Theology), which explains what can be known about God and human beings.
Philosophers who refused to accept Aquina's synthesis
Duns Scotus and William of Ockham
"the subtle doctor" emphasized the importance of free will. Argued the individual identity of a thing is part of its form.
William of Ockham
argued the simplest explanation is the best one . Helped lay the groundwork for the developments of Baconian empiricism and Cartesian rationalism.
Francis of Assisi
decided that real freedom demanded complete poverty. Gave up all his worldly things and led the life of a wandering preacher.
Leonin and Perotin
two most prominent composers associated with the cathedral of Notre-Dame.
favored chants for two voices in which the lower voice held long slow notes while a second higher voice moved more quickly with many more notes through the sung text.
wrote mostly three or four voiced chants. He used a tenor voice below which he placed two or three lively voice parts which the tenor imitated from time to time.
Hildegard of Bingen
Poet and playwright, composed a cycle of 70 songs in plainchant. Also wrote a book on medicine and a book on visionary subjects. Her major work, the symphony of the harmony of celestial Revelations.
Guillaume de Machuat
composed sacred and secular music. Wrote the first complete polyphonic setting of a mass, La Messe de Nostre Dame.
Marie de France
poet who wrote for Eleanor of Aquitaine. The first women to write in French. Best known for her lais, a number of her lais concern the stories of Arthurian legend.
wrote the epic poem The Divine Comedy, which is divided into three parts: Inferno (hell), Purgatorio (Purgatory), and Paradiso (Heaven).
wrote The Decameron in his native Tuscan Dialect.
is a collection of a hundred novelle or short stories, told by ten florentines, seven women, and three men.
English poet who wrote the Canterbury Tales, a collection of stories told by a group of pilgrims traveling from London to Canterbury to worship at the shrine of St. Thomas a Becket who was murdered at the altered cathedral there.
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