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General terms


a style in which artists concern themselves with capturing the exterior likeness of an object or person, usually rendering its visible details in a finely-executed, meticulous manner


a painting done on fresh, wet plaster with water-based paints

linear perspective

the method of creating the illusion of three-dimensional space on a two-dimensional surface by delineating a horizon line and multiple orthogonal lines.

intuitive perspective

a method of giving the impression of recession by visual instinct, not by the use of an overall system or program.

atmospheric perspective

a method of rendering the effect of spatial distance by subtle variations in color and clarity of representation

still life

a painting of inanimate objects such as fruit or flowers

relief (bas/high)

sculpture consisting of shapes carved on a surface so as to stand out from the surrounding background. bas = low, high = deep

equestrian monument

a monument of a man and a horse.


gigantic statue; person or thing of great size or importance

floor mosaic

images formed by small colored stone or glass pieces affixed to the floor

"Pompeian red"



the condemnation


of the memory


the Silver coin of the Roman Empire


Rule by four; the system of government established by Diocletian in which the Roman Empire was divided into two parts, each ruled by an "Augustus" assisted by a "Caesar."


igneous rock containing feldspar or quartz crystals


in a work of art, an image that illustrates an abstract concept, idea, or story, often suggesting deeper meaning.

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