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17 terms

Art: A Brief History, Ch 6 - Terms

General terms
STUDY
PLAY
verism
a style in which artists concern themselves with capturing the exterior likeness of an object or person, usually rendering its visible details in a finely-executed, meticulous manner
fresco
a painting done on fresh, wet plaster with water-based paints
linear perspective
the method of creating the illusion of three-dimensional space on a two-dimensional surface by delineating a horizon line and multiple orthogonal lines.
intuitive perspective
a method of giving the impression of recession by visual instinct, not by the use of an overall system or program.
atmospheric perspective
a method of rendering the effect of spatial distance by subtle variations in color and clarity of representation
still life
a painting of inanimate objects such as fruit or flowers
relief (bas/high)
sculpture consisting of shapes carved on a surface so as to stand out from the surrounding background. bas = low, high = deep
equestrian monument
a monument of a man and a horse.
colossus
gigantic statue; person or thing of great size or importance
floor mosaic
images formed by small colored stone or glass pieces affixed to the floor
"Pompeian red"
Cinnabar
Damnatio
the condemnation
Memoriae
of the memory
denarius
the Silver coin of the Roman Empire
tetrarchy
Rule by four; the system of government established by Diocletian in which the Roman Empire was divided into two parts, each ruled by an "Augustus" assisted by a "Caesar."
porphyry
igneous rock containing feldspar or quartz crystals
allegory
in a work of art, an image that illustrates an abstract concept, idea, or story, often suggesting deeper meaning.