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Arts and Humanities
Theology Final Exam Study Guide
For Ms. Clark's Class
Terms in this set (99)
Contact with the mystery of God
A statement of the church's belief issued at the first ecumenical council of Nicaea.
The movement and activities which seek to promote religious unity within the Christian Church.
The practice of blending all faith traditions and religions into one.
What are the marks of the Church?
One, holy, catholic, apostolic
Catholics believe that what instituted the Catholic Church?
To be holy means...
To be set apart by God.
To believe in Christ means...
Look for All of the above
The Church is one...
because the Trinity is one.
To say the Church is "catholic" is to say...
Look for All of the above.
The main reason God remains visible to His people is...
Because His body remains visible in the Church and all the members of His Church.
The Church is a mystery because...
It is a union of human and divine.
Apostolic Succession Requires that...
No bishop teach anything that is contrary to what has been handed down by his predecessors.
What are dogmas, creeds and rituals?
What does the word "Catholic" mean?
What is the role of the Magisterium in handing on the teachings of Jesus?
Tells the pope which priests he can hire.
Who is part of the Church?
What is the role of the Holy Spirit in the Catholic Church?
To lead the Church on its Missionary Path.
Why is the Church holy?
It is the Body of Christ.
What are three ways the Church supports holiness?
(End of Chapter 1)
Moral teachings, sacraments, and evangelical counsel
Refers to events through which God makes humanity aware of, and brings humanity into, the kingdom of God.
Bishop of Rome; Successor of Peter
Partnership between God and humanity which God has established out of love.
"Overseer"; Successor to the apostles.
A spiritual attribute possessed by the church as a whole ensuring that the church will never cease to be the body of the Christ on Earth.
The Church is necessary for salvation because Jesus remains present in the world through his body on the cross.
If you knowingly reject all or part of the moral order revealed by Jesus, he/she puts self outside of the Catholic Church.
The role of the Church as the body of Christ is to interpret what is going on in today's world in light of the Old Testament.
Permanent ethic means that God is unchanging, and therefore, there are certain things that may or may not be opposed to God.
Who hands on the Deposit of Faith from generation to generation?
Christ shedding his blood on the cross is a sign of what?
What is the head and body of Jesus Christ?
The head is Christ and the body is the Church.
The Magisterium is the...
teaching authority of the Church
The Bride of Christ is... (End of Chapter 2.1)
The 9 armed expeditions by Christians to drive the Muslims out of the Holy Land
Council of Trent
The 16th century ecumenical council held in response to challenges of the Protestant Reformation.
Final purification of all who die in God's grace and friendship, but remain imperfectly purified.
Christian and non-Christian jews regarded Catholicism as one more jewish sect.
In AD 311, Galerius allowed Christians to pray to their God as long as they prayed to his God
A negative effect of legalizing Christianity was that many people sought membership only for power and prestige.
Goal of Crusaders was to take back the Holy Land from the Jews and save the Eastern Church from Muslim threat.
Why do we call the Church "our Mother" ?
She feeds, educates, and protects her people.
What are the New Testament images of the Catholic Church?
Christ is described as head of his Chosen People.
What are the Old Testament images of the Catholic Church? (End of Chapter 2.2)
There is a deeper understanding of the Church as "The Chosen People of God."
Those truths which the church teaches have been specifically revealed by God.
A name for those books which have been accepted by the Church as normative by faith.
An official teaching of the Church.
What is called the Word of God and should guide us in all that we do?
In the religious world, we categorize knowledge based on what?
Scriptures continues to be interpreted by whom?
Apostles and successors
What or whom inspired the authors of the Bible so that they wrote what God desired them to write?
Apologists are... (End of Chapter Chapter 4.1)
Defenders of the faith.
Sharing the Good News. Involves proclaiming the Gospel in such a way that people's hearts and lives are changed.
Style of Christian life which stresses communal living and worship along with private prayer, service, poverty, chastity, and obedience.
The "good news": refers to the good news of Jesus' life, death, resurrection, and ascension.
Catholic schools were absolutely necessary to teach Catholic faith and morality.
Christianity appealed to those who were trapped at the bottom of the rigid social structure.
In some places, Catholicism was not outlawed. Catholics were allowed to own property and participle in the political system.
Who was one of the Church's greatest theologians and Dominicans?
St. Thomas Aquinas
In 1649, what was passed, granting freedom of religion to all people?
Act of Toleration
Who was the first bishop of Maryland and the United States?
What two things were developed by the Catholic Church in response to Marcion?
Canon and Apostles Creed
The Church's early evangelical efforts were through the missionary work of two people. Who were they?
St. Francis of Assisi and St. Dominic
Initially, Christianity was attractive to the...
The mendicant orders... (End of Chapter 4)
Developed in response to the needs of a poor and mobile community
A sign and instrument of God's presence in the world.
Change of the essential nature of the bread and wine into the body and blood of Christ during the consecration.
The public worship of the Church which includes the celebration of the Eucharist and other sacraments.
Liturgy of the Word
The writings of the prophets and memoirs of the apostles
Baptisms were done with "living" or running water as much as possible.
All mattered was that each child be washed clean of stain of original sin so that he/she would be ineligible to enter the Kingdom of Heaven.
The Church is the focal point of Jesus' continuing presence on earth.
Jesus is the first sacrament.
In 1661, Pope Alexander VII allowed the translation of the missal to vernacular under the penalty of excommunication.
Each time a sacrament is celebrated, the Church becomes more fully the community which makes Christ's presence tangible.
One goes to Mass in order to come face to face with, and be transformed by, the living...
What is a sacrifice which blinds us to God?
What is the first sacrament of Christ?
Who altered the practice of the Mass?
Council of Trent
What was a seal which completed and authenticated Baptism?
The source and summit of the Catholic faith is...
The Sacraments of Initiation are... (End of Chapter 5)
Baptism, Reconciliation, and Confirmation
Body of Church teachings which relate to our economic and political interactions within the world
Principle of Catholic social doctrine which says that no community of higher order should do what can be done equally well better by a community of lower order.
Sum of social conditions which allows people either as a group or as individuals, to teach their fulfillment more fully and more easily
A genuine concern for the well being of other people.
The Basic Principles of service are...
Look for All of the above
What is an intrinsic part of the Catholic faith?
What/Who is the primary instrument of God's grace on Earth?
The Permanent Moral Code of the Church begins with...
The Ten Commandments
The Church, as a whole, will never abandon...
Respect for what is foremost among the Church's social doctrine
Human beings have been created in the image and likeness of ...
What is the opposite of destructive competition?
Genuine friendship and care between individuals both within and across particular economic and social groups is called
When it comes to the Church's Option for the poor, the Church has a mission to...
Care for the downtrodden
Who is called to serve the needs of the poor?
Each baptized person
What is needed if we are to be truly free?
Obedience to the Truth
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