5 Written questions
5 Matching questions
- little theatre movement
- Theatre of Cruelty
- The Living Theatre
- Bread and Puppet Theatre
- a Originated by Antonin Artaud, stylized, ritualized performances intended to attack spectators' sensibilities and purge them of destructive tendencies.
- b A famous twentieth-century experimental theatre using aesthetically radical techniques to shake up audiences about social and political issues; founded in 1946 by Julian Beck (1925-1985) and Judith Malina (b. 1926).
- c The cultural movement behind theatrical realism, it began around 1850 and popularized the idea that plays could be a force for social and political change.
- d Inexpensive, noncommercial, artistically significant plays in small, out-of-the-way theatres. In the United States, flourished from the mid-1950s through the mid-1960s.
- e An experimental theatre troupe begun in 1961 that uses giant puppets as well as actors in political parables.
5 Multiple choice questions
- Unstructured theatrical events on street corners, at bus stops, in lobbies, and virtually anywhere else people gather.
- A style that shows the audience the action of the play through the mind of one character. Instead of seeing photographic reality, the audience sees the character's own emotions and point of view.
- A style of realism that is expressed through lyrical language.
- A genre of theatre that emphasizes the subconscious realities of the character, usually through design, and often includes random sets with dreamlike qualities.
- Marked by surreal distortion and senseless danger; a term that comes from the way that Czech writer Franz Kafka (1883-1924) depicted the world.
5 True/False questions
regional theatre → Permanent, professional theatres located outside New York City.
avant-garde → A movement that was ignited by the atrocities of World War I and gained fame through staged performances designed to demonstrate the meaninglessness of life.
Off Broadway → Originally, small experimental theatres that sprang up in the late 1950s outside Times Square to put on plays about current issues. They typically have much smaller houses than Broadway theatres.
alienation effect → The result of techniques to keep the audience aware that what they are witnessing is only a play; used by Bertolt Brecht. Alienation techniques include having the actors address the audience out of character, exposing the lights, removing the proscenium arch and curtains, and having the actors perform on bare platforms or simple sets that are sometimes punctuated with political slogans.
symbolism → A design style or theatre genre in which a certain piece of scenery, a costume, or light represent the essence of the entire environment.