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Political Science Chapter 1
Terms in this set (51)
A form of government in which a particular religion plays a dominant and controlling role in government, is described as a _____________.
A form of government in which one member of a royal family exercises supreme authority is a(n) _________.
A government is viewed as legitimate when ___________.
the affected people recognize the government and allow it to exercise control over them
A monarchy is government ruled by the ________________.
A(n) ______ is a form of government in which a small exclusive class holds supreme power.
According to Harold Lasswell, the process of determining "who gets what, when and how," is referred to as ______.
According to John Locke, a primary function of government is to ______________.
protect natural rights
According to John Locke, people are born with certain ______, such as life, liberty, and property.
According to the authors of the textbook, history has shown that ethnic and racial diversity in our nation has _______.
actually enhanced the quality of our culture and helped to guarantee the fairness of the government
According to the authors of the textbook, which of the following is a lesson to be learned from the 2012 presidential election?
the power of incumbency
According to the text, partisan gridlock ________________.
reached an all-time high in 2011
is the decreased relations between parties
has loomed over budget bills
may give way to party polarization
ALL OF THE ABOVE
According to the text, which of the following is not considered a possible reason for the decline in our political system?
the rights of certain racial and ethnic groups being slowly taken away
Democracy is ____________________.
government in which the people, either directly or through elected representatives, hold power and authority
How does a direct democracy work?
All members of the public meet to discuss policy and make decisions.
How does representative democracy differ from direct democracy?
In a direct democracy the individual citizens play an active and direct role in government, whereas in representative democracy they elect officials to act on their behalf.
In considering government, power _____________.
is necessary in any government in order that it may enforce its rules
In its history of more than 225 years, the U.S. Constitution has never been amended to restrict anyone's right to vote, but it has been amended __________ to extend voting rights
In policy development, the majority rule is very much dependent upon __________.
In political theory, a social contract is __________________________.
an agreement to form government and abide by its rules and laws, in return for governmental protection of rights and welfare
Jean-Jacques Rousseau, an eighteenth-century French philosopher, posited that _________________.
in fact a social contract exists
Natural law is _____________________.
the rules of conduct inherent in the relationship among human beings
One of the most important reasons for the strength and endurance of the U.S. Constitution is _________________
Political philosopher John Locke proposed that government must be based on ____________.
consent of the governed
Political philosopher Thomas Hobbes believed that the essence of government is _____________.
to manage naturally occurring conflicts
Representative democracy is often referred to as which of the following synonymous terms?
Sovereignty in the United States rests with the ________________.
That "the will of people" ought to guide public policy is a concept that is defined as ___________.
The District of Columbia had no electoral votes until ________.
The Seventeenth Amendment was ratified in 1913. What did it change?
It provided for direct election of U.S. senators by the people.
The United States has been described as a system of governments. This arrangement is referred to as federalism and is important in understanding American democracy. What is the total number of governments (federal, state, local, etc.) currently operating throughout the nation?
The concept of individualism is a collective American value meaning that __________________.
citizens are primarily responsible for their lot in life
The formal Bill of Rights was added to the Constitution in _______.
The idea of limited government is not reflected by _________________.
the idea that government should regulate industries to ensure consumer protection
The idea that individuals should have the same opportunity for success, is referred to as ________________.
equality of opportunity
The values and beliefs toward government and its operations and institutions, widely held among its citizens in a society, are often referred to as _______________.
The way in which government is influenced in its decision-making, is referred to as ___________.
Thomas Jefferson described the concept of limited government as "_____________________."
The government that governs least governs best
Which of the following accurately describes an indirect democracy?
Regular elections allow voters to choose representatives.
Which of the following amendments to the U.S. Constitution does not deal with voting rights?
Which of the following is an example of an authoritarian form of government?
One person or one political party maintains complete control and suppresses all other political parties and interests.
Which of the following is an example of how the concept of natural law could be applied in governed society?
Nearly all citizens realize that every child has a right to live free from abuse, and the governing body enacts a law to protect that right.
Which of the following is not an example of the domination of elections in the United States by individuals with immense power and influence?
Carnegie Hall in New York
Which of the following is not true in considering the influence of money and power on the political system?
It has been proven that every elected official is disproportionately influenced to vote in favor of wealthy and powerful corporations.
Which of the following is not true of immigrants coming to America?
They were almost all forced here against their will.
Which of the following is not true of the framers of the U.S. Constitution?
They were only concerned with problems immediately facing the new nation.
Which of the following methods of communication did not affect a U.S. presidential election?
Which of the following terms best describes Hobbes's image of society without government?
Which of the following was cited as evidence of the failure of the capitalist system?
the collapse of some of the largest U.S. financial institutions and the real estate market in 2008
Who determines public policies in an indirect democracy?
__________ is a state of lawlessness and discord in the political system caused by lack of government.
__________is a collection of public institutions in a nation that establish and enforce the rules by which the members of that nation must live.
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