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21 terms

5th grade Science TAKS - Forms of Energy

Vocabulary for 5th grade Science TAKS test in Texas
STUDY
PLAY
Energy
The ability to do work.
Potential Energy
Energy that is ready to happen
Kinetic Energy
Energy that is happening.
Solar Energy
Energy coming from the sun
Electric Circuit
A complete loop through which electricity can flow from a source of energy and back again
Fossil Fuel
A source of energy that formed from the remains of plants and animals buried deep in the Earth. (Ex: Coal, natural gas, and petroleum (oil))
Light Waves
Rays that come from a light source. (Ex: visible light-ROYGBIV)
Lens
A piece of glass which refracts a light wave. Lenses are either convex or concave.
Reflection
The act of light bouncing off another thing such as light bouncing off a mirror.
Refraction
The act of light bending and changing direction when it passes through a medium such as water
Current
The continuous flow of electricity through a wire
Battery
A source of stored chemical energy for electric currents, having a positive (+) and a negative (-) terminal.
Electricity
A form of energy that can move through wires making it possible to do work
Current
The continuous flow of electricity through a wire
Battery
A source of stored chemical energy for electric currents, having a positive (+) and a negative (-) terminal.
Bare Wire
A wire without a plastic or rubber coating. (Ex: the tip of a wire connected to t terminal)
Electromagnet
A temporary magnet made by passing electric current through a wire coiled around an iron bar.
Vibration
The quick motion of particles.
Sound Wave
An invisible wave of energy made by a vibrating object.
Motion
The act of changing place or position
Pitch
The highness or lowness of sound. Pitch refers to the frequency of the sound wave.