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10 terms

Geology Ch.8

STUDY
PLAY
Define earthquake
Vibrations of the Earth produced release of energy. Often caused by slippage along a break in the Earth's crust.
Faults
Fractures in the Earth where movement has occurred.
Focus
Where within the Earth an earth quake originates.
Epicenter
the point on the Earth's surface directly above the focus of an earthquake
Elastic rebound hypothesis
when rocks are deformed they first bend and break releasing stored energy.
After shocks
Movements following a big earthquake that cause other smaller earthquakes
Foreshocks
small earthquakes that come before a big earthquake.
Surface waves
seismic waves that travel along the earths surface and causes anything resting on it to move
P waves
push-pull waves they compress and expand rocks 1.7x's faster than S waves
S waves
cause the ground to shake up and down and side ways