28 terms

AP HUMAN GEO Unit 2 Culture

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Terms in this set (...)

Acculturation
occurs when the "weaker" of two cultures adopts traits from the more dominant culture
Assimilation
Process where people lose originally differentiating traits (like dress) when they come in contact with another culture; often used to describe immigrant adaptation to a new place of residence
Cultural Adaptation
adjusting to a translation based on the cultural environment of the target language
Cultural Identity
the way people categorize their culture, sometimes by the way they dress and what they eat
Cultural Landscape
Visible imprint of human activity and culture on the landscape; layers of buildings, forms, and artifacts sequentially imprinted on the landscape by the activities of various human occupants
Cultural Realm
the entire region that displays the characteristics of a culture
Culture
Sum total of knowledge, attitudes, and habitual behavior patterns shared and transmitted by the members of a society (via an anthropologist)
Formal Culture Region
Type of region marked by a certain degree of homogeneity in one or more phenomena; AKA uniform region or homogenous region
Functional Region
Region defined by the particular set of activities or interactions that occur within it ex: DFW
Vernacular (Perceptual)
a region perceived and defined by its inhabitants, usually with a popularly given or accepted nickname; popular region
Expansive Diffusion
Spread of innovation or idea through a population in an area in such a way that the number of those influenced grows continuously larger, resulting in an expanding area of dissemination
Relocation Diffusion
Sequential diffusion process in which the items being diffused are transmitted by their carrier agents as they evacuate the old areas and relocate into the new ones; most common form involves spreading of innovations via a migrating population
Sequent Occupance
Notion that successive societies leave their cultural imprints on a place, each contributing to the cumulative cultural landscape
Adaptive Strategies
the unique way in which each culture uses its particular physical environment
Anglo-American Landscape Characteristics
an American, especially an inhabitant of the United States, whose language and ancestry are English
Architectural Form
the look of housing, effected by the available materials, the environment the house is in, and the popular culture of the time
Built Environment
part of the physical landscape that represents material culture; the landscape created by humans
Folk Culture
Cultural traits such as dress modes, dwellings, traditions, and institutions of usually small, traditional communities
Folklore
oral tradition of a group; includes proverbs, prayers, common expressions, superstitions, beliefs, narrative tales, and legends
Material Culture
The art, housing, clothing, sports, dances, foods, and other similar items constructed or created by a group of people
Nonmaterial Culture
The beliefs, practices, aesthetics, and values of a group of people
Popular Culture
Cultural traits such as dress, diet, and music that identify and are part of today's changeable urban-based, media influenced western societies
Survey Systems
systems that are used to collect data
Traditional Architecture
traditional building styles of different cultures, religions, and places
Lingua Franca
an established language used for communication by people whose native tongues are mutually incomprehensible
Hierarchical Expansion
Diffusion in which an idea or innovation spreads by passing first among the most connected places or people; urban hierarchy usually involved, encouraging the leapfrogging of innovations over wide areas, with geographic distance a less important influence
Contagious Expansion
Distance-controlled spreading of an idea, innovation or some other item through a local population by contact from person to person- analogous to the communication of a contagious illness
Stimulus Expansion
Diffusion in which a cultural adaptation is created as result of the introduction of a cultural trait from another place