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force attracts electrons from one atom to another which transforms a neutral atom into an ion
non-polar covalent bonding
covalent bond which bonding electrons are equally attract to both bonded atoms
polar covalent bonding
covalent bond which a pair of electrons shared by two atoms is held more closely by one atom
smallest unit of substance that keeps physical chemical properties of that substance, consist of one atom or two or more atoms bonded together
chemical formula that shows number and kinds of atoms in a molecule, but not the arrangement of the atoms
electron dot notation
electron configuration notation which only valence electrons of atom of particular element are shown, indicated by dots placed around elements symbol
structural formula which electrons are represented by dots; dot pairs or dashes between two atomic symbols represents pairs in covalent bonds
formula that indicates location of atoms, groups, or ions relative to one another in molecule that indicates number location of chemical bonds
bonding in molecules or ions that cannot be correctly represented by a single Lewis structure
collection of atoms corresponding to ionic compound formula such that molar mass of compound is same as the mass of 1 mol of formula unit
energy associated with construction a crystal lattice relative to energy of all constituent atoms separated by infinite distance
bond formed by the attraction between positively charged metallic ions and the electrons around them
theory predicts some molecular shapes based on idea that pairs of valence electrons surrounding an atom repel each other
missing of two or more atomic orbitals of same atom to produce new orbitals; hybridization represents the mixing of higher and lower energy orbitals to form orbitals of intermediate energy
intermolecular force occurring when hydrogen atom that is bonded to a highly electronegative atom of one molecule is attracted to two unshared electrons of another molecule
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