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Who were the runners in the 1980 prez election? Who won?
-Carter(D): Hostage crisis, did not campaign, failed rescue attempt, crisis of confident speech.
- Reagan(R): High energy/ age 69, Conservative values, are you better off today that 4 years ago.
- John Anderson(I): Rep turned ind.
- New Right
- Moral majority
- Reagan democrats
Who was the first Lady?
- Nancy Reagan
- Adviser to husband
-"Just say no"
to drugs campaign.
Did Reagan have a plan for his presidency?
Reagan had early _____ success.
What was the assassination attempt with Reagan?
- 60+ days in office
- It was near death
- John Hinckley Jr killed: 25 years old, motive and punishment.
After Reagan's economic plan it added more _______ success and ________.
What was the recession during R's prez?
A transition the county was going through. EX: High unemployment, spending etc.
What was the recovery of the recession?
- Inflation is better
- OPEC has less power
- Economic growth/ expanded
- Decrease in unemployment.
What was the Evil Empire?
- Nickname R gave to USSR
- Aggressive position
- Rejected containment and detente.
- Popular with some: Margret Thatcher and Pope JP 2nd.
- RESULT: Poor relations.
What happened with military spending?
- Spending increased
- "Peace with strength"
- Arms race is back
- SDI: Strategic Defense Initiative: A force field that could potentially protect the US from incoming missels from the USSR-star wars
What were the problems in the USSR?
- Economic Problems: Struggling economy, farm fails, government cuts, war in A.
- Importing foods
- Leadership crisis: Brezhnev died, no clear rule.
- Rebellions/uprisings: Not crushed(Poland)- Pope JP supported.
Who were the runners in the 1984 prez election? Who won?
- Reagan(R): Are you better off now the 4 years ago, joked about his age.
- Walter Mondale(D): Carter's VP, Geraldine Ferraro 1st women on a major ballot.
Who was the new ruler of the USSR? What did he want?
Mikhail Gorbachev and he wanted to work with the US.
What were Glasnost and Perestroika?
- G: Opening.
- P: Reconstruction.
What negations were made with the USSR?
- Post election
- INF Treaty: Stop the production of Nuclear weapons
- Moscow visit
What was the Lebanon Civil War?
- 800 Marines were sent to help keep the peace
- Suicide bomber killed 241
- US withdrew
- Many questioned.
What was the Iran Contra Affair/Scandal?
- Sandinistas were in power in79
- US supported the rebels: Contras
- Congress cuts all aid to rebels
- Reagan wanted to support the Contras: Anti-communism
- Some adviaors find ways: Oliver North finds the was: Cash was going to the US then sent to Contras. But they had to cut that so instead cash was going to the US then to Iran and other countries, then to the Contras.
What was the space shuttle incident?
It was where an elementary teacher was selected to be the 1st person up in space, but when it went up, it exploded everyone and everything inside.
Who was Sandra Day O'Connor?
1st female on SC.
Who was Steve Jobs?
Who was Bill Gates?
What were the economic results of R's prez?
- Tax cuts
- Deficit spending(BAD)
- Unemployment fell(GOOD)
- OPEC's hold broken(GOOD)
MIXED SUCCESS: TAKES TIME
What was the Velvel Revolution?
It is where EE opened their boarders to Austria. Very peaceful.
What was the fall of the Berlin Wall?
It was where protesters on both E and W Germany sides of the wall danced on it and tore it down with sledgehammers. E and W Germany are now united as one.
What was START?
- Strategic Arms Reduction Treaty
- Cut stockpiles of long ranged nuclear weapons.
What was START 2?
A treaty of hope/A future free from fear.
What was the deadly disease that came around in the 80's? Where at first did ppl think it came from and what is the fact of where it came from?
- Gays and drug users
- Body fluids
Who were the runners in the 1988 Prez election?
- George Bush(R): Former VP for Reagan, read my lips no new taxes.
- Michael Dukakis: Mass gov, challenged the weak economy.
- Lloyd Bernstein JR: VP for DUK, faithless elector
What was the Chernobyl innocent?
It was a BIG nuclear accident.
How does the Cold War begin to end?
- Fall of satelite nations
- Berlin wall falls
- Germany re-unites
- START and START2
- USSR dissolved as a nation renamed as Russia.
What was the Tiananmen Square innocent?
- 2 months protests- pro dem
- Forces surrounded and fired= massacre.
What was happening with South Africa?
- New prez F.W De Klerk
- Steps to end apartheid: release of Nelson Mandala- they worked together. Mandala is now prez- Nobel peace prize=both
What was the Persian Gulf War?
- Suddam Hussein was in power of Iraq
- Iraq invaded Kuwait because of an oil dispute and an old boarder dispute
- Security Council put an economic sanctions on Iraq(no goods in/no goods out), Iraq(SH) had a deadline to leave but missed it, Multi-national forces come up with a plan
- Operation Desert Storm(UN): 6 weeks of air strikes, 100 hours of ground attack, new weapons and tech. one BIG hero was Gen. Colin Powell.
- PEACE: Iraq agrees to allow UN inspectors come in, no fly zones, reduces military, concern over minority groups, human rights concerns.
What were the economic concerns during Bush prez?
- Companies grew(Walmart and Trump)- uneven economic growth
- Farmers lower crop prices
-Fed: Control the flow of $, didn't help during GD, but helped in the 80's
- Increase in national debt.
What was the Savings and Loans Crisis?
It was where banks started to invest in the stock market and other things, so when the stock market crashed ppl tried to get out $ to pay their loans/debts, but they couldn't because the bank didn't have any $ because they invested in the SM and it crashed.
Why was it a big deal that Bush signed new taxes?
Because he broke his campaign promise....read my lips, no new taxes.
Who were the runners of the 1992 prez election?
- Bush (R): incombunt, broken ta promise, fall of wall and USSR
- Bill Cliton(D): gov of ark,had an affair. smaller gov and balanced budget.
- Ross Perot(I): business man, focus was balanced budegt, pro-choice, war on drugs.
Who was Jesse Jackson?
AA dem. runner did not get nomination.
Who was Boris Yeltsin and what did he rule?
New ruler of CIS= Russia
Who was Clarece Tomas?
Nominated for SC by prez Bush, bur congress fought against it and won.
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