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33 terms

Government Chapter 6 Test

STUDY
PLAY
suffrage
right to vote aka franchise
electorate
the potential voting population
transients
persons living in a the state for only a short time
registration
a procedure of voter identification intended to prevent fraudulent voting; gives election officials a list of those persons who are qualified to vote in an election; to identify voters in terms of their party preference and their eligibility to take part in closed primaries
purging
when local election officials review the lists of registered voters and remove the names of those who are no longer eligible to vote. usually done every two or four years.
poll books
the official lists of qualified voters in each precinct; prevent fraud so someone doesn't keep voting a million times
literacy
a person's ability to read or write; still important now because of the more difficult jobs and expansion of words and literary stuff
poll tax
a condition for voting when States demanded the payment of a special tax; way to make sure wealthier people could vote and not the poor
gerrymandering
the practice of drawing electoral district lines in order to limit the voting strength of a particular group or party; the boundaries of the geographic area from which a candidate is elected to a public office; makes it harder to favor one party
injunction
a court order that either compels (forces) or restrains (limits) the performance of some act by a private individual or by a public official;
courts =police
preclearance
mandated by the voting rights act of 1965, the prior approval by the justice department of changes to or new election laws by certain states
off-year elections
the congressional elections held in the even-numbered years between presidential elections
political efficacy
The belief that one's political participation really matters - that one's vote can actually make a difference
political socialization
the process by which people gain their political attitudes and opinions
gender gap
first appeared in the 1980s; measurable differences between the partisan choices of men and women today
party identification
the loyalty of people to a particular political party
straight-ticket voting
the practice of voting for candidates of only one party in an election
split-ticket voting
the practice of voting for the candidates of more than one party in an election
independents
people who have no party affiliation
restrictions on state's power to set suffrage requirements
15th amendment, 19th amendment, 26th amendment
Dunn vs Blumstein
TN's 90 days is too long; changed to 30 day residency maximum
Motor Voter Law
when you get or renew license you can register to vote; easier for citizens to register
Civil Rights Act of 1960
federal voting references could help people register and vote in federal elections
Civil Rights Act of 1964
forbids use of voter registration or literacy requirements in unfair or discriminatory ways & courts could issue injunctions
Voting Rights Act of 1965
15th amendment applied to all elections, no literacy tests and no poll taxes, voter examiners to insect and aid, and states can not impose new election laws without preclearance
australian ballot
secret ballot; don't have to publicize who you vote for
voter qualifications
U.S. citizenship, in state residence, age (18), and registration
two long term trends of suffrage
elimination of voting restrictions and allowing more people to vote
Civil Rights Act 1957
set up Civil Rights Commission and attorney general can seek court orders to stop interference into any person's right to vote
people do not register, do not like candidates, long lines, bad weather, long ballots, vote does not matter, people are happy with status quo
reasons why Americans don't vote
grandfather clause
designed to enfranchise those white males who were unintentionally disqualified by their failure to meet the literacy or tax paying requirements. Discriminated against African Americans by allowing white men to skip the tax and literacy test if their male descendants had been able to vote before the 15th amendment
Civic Duty
the belief that in order to support democratic government, a citizen should always vote
good education, older age, white, female, married, union member, or combination
factors of who would most likely vote